Thomas Wayne Walker
- 1 Public option rally Nashville
- 2 USAS conference
- 3 PSA/UCW protest
- 4 May 1 Put the People First rally
- 5 United Campus Workers/show me $15
- 6 Ferguson solidarity
- 7 Supporting the Kurds
- 8 "Organize the South"
- 9 BLM blockade post
- 10 FRSO
- 11 Memphis Freedom Road comrades
- 12 2016 Memphis PSA launch
- 13 Revolutionary Strategies to Beat the Rising Right Wing
- 14 Now What? Defying Trump and the Left's Way Forward
- 15 Peoples Summit panel
- 16 The Left We Want to Build: Breaking Out of the Margins
- 17 Inside/Outside Project
- 18 Fighting outsourcing
- 19 Endorsing Fetonte
- 20 Amandla Training
- 21 Anti-privatization campaign
- 22 Female comrades and friends
- 23 Troublemakers Award
- 24 Memphis For All comrades
- 25 Memphis For All supports Lee Harris
- 26 Team Tami
- 27 Tami for mayor
- 28 Memphis Can't Wait rally
- 29 Liberation Road
- 30 References
Now a member of Liberation Road.
Public option rally Nashville
Alex Fields September 29, 2009 ·
Jared Story August 17 2019.
An expression of several goals related to worker's rights, the rally espoused current UCW initiatives such as raising salaries to a livable wage.
"There's no code of conduct for supervisors on how they treat the employees beneath them," Thomas Wayne Walker, an employee of disability services and a member of UCW's executive board, said. "So if you want to scream at an employee in front of a bunch of people, that can happen and you won't get in trouble."
Missy Murray, the woman who sparked the We Miss Missy campaign, underwent similar strife. After working for Facilities Services for five years, she was unexpectedly moved to the Athletics Department where she had worked for eight months.
The athletics building has a reputation among maintenance workers for having harsh and undesirable working conditions.
"Athletics runs 24/7, so that means you might be working Saturday and Sunday," Gary Thomas, who resigned from his job cleaning Dougherty Engineering Building due to a disability said. "Athletics is where they send you when they want you to quit."
One of five facilities employees that raised their concerns at the "Justice for UT Custodians Speakout" in May of this year, Murray claimed harassment and bullying in the workplace.
Despite a multitude of lingering issues, Murray was moved back to McClung Museum, where she "absolutely loved" working until her termination. She was fired on the grounds of "absenteeism," which, Murray claims, was unfounded.
Forced transfers without sufficient notice ceased as a result of the Speakout and a transfer policy was established to prevent retaliatory transfers based on the worker's relationship with his or her supervisor, according to Tom Anderson, the President of United Campus Workers.
UT students, particularly those involved with PSA, have taken a strong interest in the well being of facilities workers, attending the rally in a show of solidarity.
"The students are the real vessels for this," Jasmine Taylor, a member of Progressive Student Alliance and a speaker at Friday's rally said. "We are the ones who can really carry on the power, because what is a university without its students? And we're trying to pull up our workers, because who are we without them?"
May 1 Put the People First rally
- Gov. Haslam and his elite allies, have abandoned everyday people in Tennessee. Our coalition's response is simple: put the people first! We want living wage jobs, good public schools, and a good democracy that encourages participation!
- Join us for a May Day parade and BBQ celebration by and for the people! Meet us in Market Square at 6pm and we'll march to Vine Middle School on MLK Blvd and end at Harriet Tubman Park for a BBQ and celebration!
Those giving notice of intention to attend on Wherevent included: Kristin Baksa, Christina Louise Belge, Lee Dunham Sessions, Kathryn Davis, Elizabeth Wright, Jenn Wallis, Jess Welch, Anne Barnett, Suz Seaton, Kaitlin Malick, Sol Msr, Linda Haney, Brittany Bender, Erica Davis, Christina Catherine Gore, Megan Clifton, Kim Webber, Vivian Swayne, Miriya Bollenbacher, Jennie Spanos, Shelagh Leutwiler, Taimi Olsen, Donna Maxwell, Janet Miles, Nicky Primo Allen, Natalie McGee, Leslie Principe, Tonya Hill, Tanya T. Coats, Cassie Watters, Kassie Ernst, Diana Moyer, Bonnie Swinford, Rose Attea, Maggie Gardner Tankersley, Jane Johnson Skinner, Amelia Taylor, Melanie Barron, Kristi Larkin Havens, Camillee Dyin'ices Perrett, Anna Masson, Jessica Pittman, Angie Max, Jonnie R. Hagan, Genny Petschulat, Laura Megan Stewart, Nickie Hackenbrack, Casey Self, Shamika Cook, Viviane Manigat Jackson, Xylina Marshall, Courtney Anderson, Leslie Anderson Pignataro, Sally Buice, Amelia Parker, Sistufara Muhammad, Amber Matthews, Janine Al-Aseer, Judith Petree, Deborah Bahr, Joy Coffey, Rebecca Stefanescu, Donna Laxson, Kate Elgammal, Karen Principe, Holly Smarr, Natasha Carina, Melissa Slayton, Elizabeth Owen, Megan Brockett, Robert Naylor, Mark Mohundro, Alex Falk, Conrad Charleston, Ben Wright, Cameron Brooks, Jim Wallace, Andrew Beamer, Andre Canty, Isaac Brandt, Adam Alsamadisi, Alex Fields, Ben Allen, Ryan Brown, Axel Ringe, Bryan G. Pfeifer, Prince Abed Oduro, James Gullett, James R. Golden, Bob Hutton, Gerry Moll, Alexander Thumler, Young Rome, Brad Wright, Elias Attea, Josh Smyser, Sam Petschulat, Jordan Welsh, Donald Fritz, Josh Stovall, David Alex Hayes, Ed Borum, Shaun Scenard, William Isom, Alejandro Guizar, Alex Pulsipher, Thomas Wayne Walker, John Mayer, Micheal Freeman, Angel Ibarra, Donte Samoa, Robert Boyd, Tom Torres, Rodolfo Urquieta, Andrew Sexton, Dustin Moore, Kacper Fryderyk Grass, Matt Ellison, Richard Murray, Maurice L. Clark, Sr., Justin Marcel Leduc, Lee Owen, Zach Blume, Mitch Thompson, Ramez Elgammal, Brandon Ray Darr, Tres Daugherty. 
United Campus Workers/show me $15
December 2014, United Campus Workers supports Knoxville's first #strikefastfood #showme15! Solidarity! — with Kris Bronstad, Anne Barnett, Ben Allen, Fran Ansley, Karly Safar, Melanie Barron, Thomas Wayne Walker, Joan Croce Grim, Tony Harris, Janet Miles, Anna Masson, Debbie Helsley, Josh Smyser, Elizabeth Owen, Lucy Jewel, Bob Hutton, Patrick Keaney, Matt Cook, Michelle Christian and Ben Lee.
Thomas Wayne Walker August 15, 2014:
Organizations on the ground in st. louis, mo are calling for people across the u.s. to demonstrate at 2pm est *this saturday* against police murder, police militarization, and racism--in solidarity with the uprising in ferguson and demanding justice for mike brown. let's meet up at the corner of summit hill & hall of fame dr., where knox police killed an unarmed african-american man on may 18, 200... See More — with Holly Rainey, Elizabeth Wright, Michelle Christian, Alex Fields, Josh Smyser, Suzanne Pharr, Anne Barnett, Anna Masson, Saint Thomas LeDoux, Joshua Outsey, Meagan Thomas, Michelle Gibson, Cassie Watters, Elandria Williams, Sam Stratton, Jess Welch, Angel Ibarra, Joseph Woods, Kaitlin Malick, Andre Canty, Melanie Barron, Ben Allen, Erin Bicknese, Tom Torres, Ricki Draper, William Wilson, Bonnie Swinford, Joe Tolbert, Jr., Mickee Murray, David Alex Hayes, Margo Miller, JT Taylor and Karly Safar at Summit Hill and Hall of Fame Drive.
Supporting the Kurds
December 28, 2015, Sendolo Diaminah posted on his FaceBook page supporting the Kurds;
- The Kurdish people have been engaged in an inspiring struggle to carve out freedom and autonomy for themselves, both from the corrupt states of Turkey, Iraq, and Syria AND from ISIS. Now the Turkish government is ramping up its repression of the Kurdish freedom movement. The first step in solidarity must be educating ourselves about this powerful struggle for freedom and rallying to its defense. Anthony Maglione, Manzoor Cheema, Hiram Rivera Marcano, Bryan Proffitt, Aaron Bryant, Thomas Wayne Walker, Jadebroo KS, Hashim Benford, Melissa Norton, Sijal Nasralla, Bill Fletcher, Jr., Gary Broderick, Aiden Riley Graham, Rufus Firefly, Zaina Alsous, Laila Nur, Sabeen Shaiq, Theo Luebke, Caitlin Breedlove...
"Organize the South"
In February 2016, Jeffrey Lichtenstein with Mary Jo Connelly and Cazembe Jackson Jasmine Wallace, Thomas Wayne Walker, Karly Safar, Dennis O'Neil, Anjie Martian-Princess were selling an "Organize the South" poster on the Freedom Road Socialist Organization Facebook page.
BLM blockade post
- comrades and fellow organizers, sunday was beautiful, messy, humbling, and powerful
- a dozen revolutionaries have been in conversation since sunday night about the new political moment the #blacklivesmatter blockade of I-40 created for the city of #memphis. below are collective take-a-ways that comrades - me, & Jeffrey (Jeffrey Lichtenstein), Dana (Dana Asbury), Anjie (Anjie Mizuki}, Thomas (Thomas Wayne Walker) & T. Shelton (Todd Shelton)- some members of Freedom Road and others unaffiliated revolutionaries - wish to offer:
- - Memphians have BEEN ready for an uprising. like bodies on. the. line. type ready. for a long time. anyone could see from all the t-shirts, flags, paintings & posters brought that people deeply resonate w/ the politics of #blacklivesmatter. people voted w/ their feet and although we’ve had dozens of protests, vigils and meetings this time people found their own way into the streets.
- - police are on this city like an occupation. murdering, injuring, sexually assaulting and arresting Black people w/ impunity. but for a handful of hours sunday night we were able to confront them directly. AND they couldn't stop us. politicians who benefit from the subjugation of our communities tripped over themselves to set up meetings. not b/c we were polite or respectable, but because we were DEEP and in the words of so many of us on the bridge - we “shut -ish down” and “hit them in their pockets”.
- ....the system isn’t broken, it was built like this. no amount of reform will be enough, we need Black power, self-determination, and an economy run by working people. How do we get there? seriously. how?
Thomas Wayne Walker is close to Freedom Road Socialist Organization.
Memphis Freedom Road comrades
Dunetra Merritt November 6, 2016; ·
- My Friends Came To Seen Me !! — with Thomas Wayne Walker, Dana Asbury, Jayanni Elizabeth and Jeffrey Lichtenstein.
2016 Memphis PSA launch
Join us for the UofM Progressive Student Alliance kick-off meeting this coming Tuesday, September 20th on the UofM Campus. It will be in Clement Hall, Room 213 at 4PM. We are THE organization on campus fighting against racism, gender oppression, and economic injustice. Join us as we unite for our first meeting and discuss the general structure of PSA, our vision, and our campaigns for the semester. The 2016 presidential election season is upon us. The time is ripe to organize, and to DUMP Donald TRUMP!
Invited Paul Morquecho, Annie Bird, Katy Ochoa, Jeshua David, Rickie Aimee, Lucas Olsen, Mia Jordan, Jonathan Capriel, Chase Baltz, Matthew Brown, Sydney Melissa, Jroc Jarvis, Josh Adams, Leslie Monique Wellman, Carly Christensen, Keedran Franklin, Allison Escobar, Kayla Marie Thomas, Jayanni Elizabeth, Ellen Uhlmann, Tailer Ransom, Lizzie Dean, Dai Williams, Wesley Morgan Paraham, Tamam Arafat, Cali Baer, Brandon C J Shaw, Charlotte Watson, Anna Pederson, Chrissy Green, Mike Butler, Thomas Wayne Walker, Tom Smith, Dana Asbury, Jeffrey Lichtenstein.
Revolutionary Strategies to Beat the Rising Right Wing
Revolutionary Strategies to Beat the Rising Right Wing, was a nationwide conference call organized by Freedom Road Socialist Organization, Sunday October 30, 2016.
- What's the nature of this right-wing threat? What has this election cycle changed about the political terrain we're fighting on? How do we need to prepare for whats coming after the election? Hear about these crucial questions from our panel of top political strategists, including Nelini Stamp, Bill Fletcher, Jr., Linda Burnham, and Sendolo Diaminah.
Those indicating they would attend, on Facebook included Thomas Wayne Walker.
Now What? Defying Trump and the Left's Way Forward
Now What? Defying Trump and the Left's Way Forward was a phone in webinar organized by Freedom Road Socialist Organization in the wake of the 2016 election.
- Now what? We’re all asking ourselves that question in the wake of Trump’s victory. We’ve got urgent strategizing and work to do, together. Join Ash-Lee Woodard Henderson of the Movement for Black Lives and Freedom Road, Calvin Cheung-Miaw, Jodeen Olguin-Taylor of Mijente and WFP, Joe Schwartz of the Democratic Socialists of America, and Sendolo Diaminah of Freedom Road for a discussion of what happened, and what we should be doing to build mass defiance. And above all, how do we build the Left in this, which we know is the only solution to the crises we face?
- This event will take place Tuesday November 15, 2016 at 9pm Eastern/8pm Central/6pm Pacific.
Moderators were Cazembe Jackson, and Thomas Wayne Walker.
Peoples Summit panel
It was entitled "Electoral Politics and transformative Politics:A View from the Left".
The Left We Want to Build: Breaking Out of the Margins
In June 2017, Thomas Walker Freedom Road Socialist Organization signed the letter The Left We Want to Build: Breaking Out of the Margins.
Fighting Trump and Building the Left, from the Left Inside/Outside Project
- But it’s also an exciting time to be part of the U.S. left. We have momentum on all the levels we have to work on, and more energy for these efforts than we have seen in decades. We take the inspiration from the examples listed above, and recognize that our main challenge is bringing our work to scales that will be able to shift the balance of forces in the U.S. The Left Inside/Outside Project formed out of a common feeling that U.S. politics after Trump required both serious engagement with electoral politics and a left that could work collaboratively to build on our existing strengths. Twenty months later, we still believe this: our commitment is to work ever more closely together with this vision, to learn from one another, build on our most advanced experiences, and build a more unified and effective socialist movement that is in this fight for the long haul.
Signatories included Thomas Wayne Walker, Freedom Road Socialist Organization National Executive Committee.
Jon Shefner April 16, 2017 ·
Tried to share a post now that is a year old - showing how long and hard we've worked against outsourcing. I couldn't make it work, because apparently I am a FB moron. But this is important to say: We've done it all - in the legislature and in the streets, with our allies and on our own. And not only are we not finished, we are stronger than ever, in Knoxville and across the state. I am so proud of working with Cassie Watters, Melanie Barron, Jayanni Elizabeth, Tom Anderson, Tom Smith, Thomas Wayne Walker, Ed McDaniel, Josh Smyser, Diana Moyer, Jeffrey Lichtenstein, Sarah Eldridge, Fran Ansley, Jim Sessions, Jason Dawsey, Bob Hutton, Troy Smith, JB and everyone I may have left off. I looked at the post from a year ago - and I'm pissed. We've worked really hard at this against a governor who has no reason to outsource other than to attack working people. No data confirms his plan, no need drives it, and no truth is behind it . C'mon April 24, and every other day of struggle until we win! Goddamnit, we are not done yet!
Tennessee Democratic Socialists of America members who endorsed Danny Fetonte when he ran for DSA NPC in 2017 included Travis Donoho – Knoxville, Geoffrey Meldahl – Chattanooga, Mike Cannon – Nashville, Thomas Walker – Memphis.
Sendolo Diaminah February 1 2018
- Hey Black organizers & those who love us: BOLD has re-opened our application period for Amandla, our organizer training program. We have just a few more slots we wanted to make available, so now is your chance if you missed the deadline!
Alicia Garza, Ajamu Dillahunt, Aaron Gamal, Whitney Maxey, Hashim Benford, Ociele Hawkins, Bryan Proffitt, Bennett D. Carpenter, Courtney Sebring, Cazembe Murphy Jackson, Reece Chenault, Charlene Carruthers, Chanelle Croxton, D’atra Jackson, Dove Kent, Fresco Steez DeLaflyy, Maria C. Fernandez, Aiden Riley Graham, Kaji Reyes, Laila Nur, Theo Luebke, Maria Poblet, N’Tanya Lee, Taliba O Njeri, Orisanmi Burton, Quinton Harper, Roberto Tijerina, Mary Hooks, Serena Sebring, Adaku Utah, Vanessa Moses, Ash-Lee Woodard Henderson, Thomas Wayne Walker, Jayanni Elizabeth, Jayda Rasberry, Amber Evans, Dara Cooper, Yotam Marom.
According to Chris Brooks and Rebecca Kolins Givan witing in In These Times “The first real task was to go back and talk to everyone on campus about what was happening,” says Ed McDaniel, a locksmith who has worked at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, for 10 years and is now president of the union. “We all went out and tried to get more people to join because we knew that the union was going to be leading this fight.” The effort brought hundreds of new members into UCW.
The union sounded the alarm about the privatization plan through rallies, press conferences, editorials and town halls. It fact-checked Governor Haslam’s claims about the supposed benefits of privatization. It amplified explosive media reports about his financial ties to JLL and the ways he might personally benefit from the deal. While running for governor, Haslam had disclosed a “major investment” in JLL, of an unspecified amount.
“We had a little of everything,” Doris Conley says. “We did flyers and cards. We were out on the highway, in parking lots, in the mall, on campus getting folks to sign postcards for their legislators.”
UCW also collected over 5,000 signatures on a petition opposing outsourcing.
“We put them on a sheet of paper that was 150 feet long and 3 feet wide,” McDaniel says. “We took it to the legislative plaza and rolled it down the hall, chanting ‘Tennessee is not for sale.’ The legislators were coming out of their offices and committee meetings to see what was happening. Legislators were trying to get by and they were having to jump over the scroll.”
The most crucial strategic decision of the campaign was to hone in on populist Republican suspicion of rich elites by choosing the governor as the target. Many legislators were sympathetic to working-class constituents who could have their jobs privatized by a company in which the billionaire governor had invested.
“It turns out that class is a big issue inside the Republican Party,” says Jeffrey Lichtenstein, UCW secretary and part-time worker at the UT Health Science Center. “Even Republicans saw the governor as misusing his office to strip away jobs and personally enrich himself. It split the party open.”
“We actually have a lot of direct access and leverage with Republicans [because] we have members in rural and suburban areas throughout Republican districts,” explains Thomas Wayne Walker, a former rank-and-file member who now works as the union’s communications coordinator.
UCW members met with lawmakers in their districts and capitol offices to build a bipartisan coalition to stop outsourcing. Twenty-eight Democrats and 47 Republicans, more than half of the state legislature, signed a letter authored by the UCW calling for a halt to the outsourcing.
Republican lawmakers even sponsored legislation—inspired by UCW model language, according to Lichtenstein—that begins to provide greater scrutiny of the outsourcing process. It passed both houses of the state legislature unanimously.
Under mounting pressure, Haslam agreed to give state agencies and colleges a choice to opt in or out of privatization. So the UCW took the fight back to its home turf of college and university towns, getting local governments and businesses to weigh in and tip the scales against outsourcing. In August 2017, the state agency responsible for managing the state’s parks abandoned the plan. Two months later, the entire University of Tennessee system publicly opted out. To date, the only college to opt in is Austin Peay University in Clarksville, which had already outsourced its janitorial services.
Female comrades and friends
Thomas Wayne Walker March 8, 2018 · Memphis, TN · Lisa Yopp, Bonnie Berrong, Charlene Walker, Katie Haworth, Karly Safar, Anne Barnett, Melanie Barron, Jean Padgett, Jessica Carmichael, Jessica Walker Kim Yopp, Kelly Yopp, Becky Dunlap, Jessica Hruz, Becky Hruz, Alex Hruz, Heather Dockins Lamonya Davis, Larissa Hunt, Jasmine Wallace, Bingham Graves, Aimee Boer, Sandy Hicks, Earnestine Jenkins, Diana Moyer, Jayanni Webster, Cassie Watters, Janet Miles, Thelma Jean Rimmer, KB Brower, Kim Hinchey, Doris Conley Brooks, Jessica Buttermore, Lindsey Smith, Ruba Nuwayhid, Angie Navratil, Jennifer Hayes, Ash-Lee Henderson, Juliet Ucelli, Ashley Underwood, Dana Asbury, Victoria Ledbetter, Amanda Robertson, Ashley Susong, Elly Leary, Mary Jo Connelly, Kim Diehl, Andrea Morales, Emilie Bowman, Tami Sawyer, Anne Smith, Rachel Knox, Anjie Ash, Elizabeth Owen, Dana Smith, Amira Al-Dasouqui, Whitney Maxey, Mischa Nyberg, Lindsey Hill / a personal history with women who held me hold me down held me hold me up taught me teach me loved me love me & a lot more too but like a pig i left you off the list - women hold up half the sky, and i'm confident, cause the sky's in your hands
Jayanni Elizabeth April 7 2018
i’m over the moon y’all! OUR union, United Campus Workers - CWA Local 3865, was just awarded the Troublemakers Award by Labor Notes (for our fight against outsourcing) alongside other badass labor unions across the world including countries like Korea and Canada. Afterwards, the freaking WEST VIRGINIA TEACHERS asked to take a photo with us! WITH us! 😍😭😇👊🏾✊🏾
As one of their teachers said ”the day of reckoning for public education has come” and she is right! ... teachers are striking in OK, AZ and KY and higher education is getting organized! #solidarityforever #TNisNOTforsale #redforEd — with Scott Martindale, Elizabeth Stanfield, Margaret Djdiva and Cassie Watters in Chicago, Illinois. Also Thomas Wayne Walker.
Memphis For All comrades
Memphis For All April 21, 2018.
- MemphisForAll and United Campus Workers joining together to support Dr. Roz Nichols for County Commission District 9 today!
Memphis For All supports Lee Harris
Said Thomas Wayne Walker, Memphis For All Steering Committee Member, “Lee Harris has a long history of leading on a variety of issues that our members care deeply about. When he was on the City Council, he pushed for a non-discrimination ordinance that included protections for LGBTQ citizens. As a state senator, he has been a consistent leader for fairer criminal justice reform. And Lee is someone we can count on to speak out against the privatization of our college campuses. We’re ready to get to work to make sure we bring this leadership to the office of Shelby County Mayor.”
Tami Sawyer July 13 2018.
Tami Sawyer, July 29 2018.
Enjoying some down time with #TeamTami at our pre-election day family meal. Hard work. Good people. Lots of love! We’ll see you at the polls on Thursday! — with Lydia Crivens, Carl Schneider, Thomas Wayne Walker, Reggie White and Emily Cupples.
Tami for mayor
Tami Sawyer April 22 ·
With Thomas Wayne Walker and Rebekah Gorbea.
Memphis Can't Wait rally
Aimee Lewis, Andre Gibson, Pastor Andre Johnson, Barry Myers, Bobby White, Carl Schneider, Pastor Charlie Caswell, Dr. Charles McKinney, Cherisse Scott, Corey Strong, Danny Song, Emily Fulmer, Gabby Salinas, Rev. Gregory Stokes, Iris Mercado, Jamal Whitmer, Jayanni Webster, Josh Spickler, Kat McRitchie, Keedran Franklin, Kenya Bradshaw, Kevyanna Rawls, Kirstin Cheers, Latasha Gentry Holmes, Lee Rankin, Lori Spicer-Robertson, Lydia Crivens, Mahal Burr, Meggan Kiehl, Mendell Grinter, Miska Clay Bibbs, Molly Quinn, Imam Nabil Bayakly, Paul Garner, Reggie White, Dr. Roz Nichols, Shahidah Jones, Suzanne Jackson, TaJuan Stout-Mitchell, Tarrin McGhee, Thomas Wayne Walker, Tim Ware, Tony de Velasco, Vanisha Hasan, Victoria Jones.
Thomas Wayne Walker is a member of Liberation Road.
- [http://dailybeacon.webfactional.com/news/2013/sep/16/campus-workers-petition-better-conditions/The daily beacon, Campus workers petition for better conditions By Hayley Brundige, Assistant Photo Editor Published: Mon Sep 16, 2013]
- |Wherevent, Karly Safar May 1 Knoxville
- FB UCW Dec 14, 2014
- FB Revolutionary Strategies to Beat the Rising Right Wing Went 109
- [https://www.facebook.com/notes/austin-dsa/support-danny-fetonte-for-npc/1917815435143506/Support Danny Fetonte for NPC AUSTIN DSA·SUNDAY, JULY 23, 2017]
- ITT FEATURES » MARCH 20, 2018 BY CHRIS BROOKS AND REBECCA KOLINS GIVAN