Emanuel Cleaver

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Emanuel Cleaver

Emanuel Cleaver, II is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives, representing the 5th district of Missouri.

Clever was born in Waxahachie, Texas, grew up in public housing and graduated high school in Wichita Falls, Texas. He earned a B.S. in Sociology from Prairie View A & M University.

Cleaver first went to Kansas City with the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, which charged him with founding a Kansas City chapter of the civil rights organization.

In 1979 Cleaver was elected to the City Council of Kansas City and three terms later he was elected Mayor. He held a two-term position as President of the National Conference of Black Mayors.

Congressman Cleaver and his wife, Dianne, have been married for more than thirty years. They have four children and three grandchildren.[1]


  • Committee on Financial Services
  • Subcommittee on Financial Institutions and Consumer Credit
  • Subcommittee on Housing and Community Opportunity
  • Committee on Homeland Security
  • Subcommittee on Transportation Security and Infrastructure Protection
  • Subcommittee on Emergency Communications, Preparedness, and Response
  • Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming[2]

Peace Pledge Coalition

In 2007 90 Members of Congress, pledged in an open letter delivered to President Bush: "We will only support appropriating funds for U.S. military operations in Iraq during Fiscal Year 2008 and beyond for the protection and safe redeployment of all our troops out of Iraq before you leave office." The letter was initiated by the Peace Pledge Coalition. The Coalition was led by Tim Carpenter, Progressive Democrats of America, Bob Fertik, Democrats.com Medea Benjamin, CodePink, Bill Fletcher, co-founder of Center for Labor Renewal David Swanson, AfterDowningStreet.org, Democrats.com, Progressive Democrats of America, Kevin Zeese, Voters for Peace, Democracy Rising, Brad Friedman, co-founder of Velvet Revolution, Bill Moyer, Backbone Campaign.

Emanuel Cleaver signed the letter.[3][4]

Jubilee Prayer Breakfast

Jubilee USA supporters broke their 40-day Cancel Debt Fast with a Prayer Breakfast on Capitol Hill at 8 am on Tuesday, October 16, 2007 led by faith and political leaders.

Congressional Progressive Caucus

As of February 20 2009 Emanuel Cleaver was listed as a member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus.[6]

Cuba trip

In early April 2009, Rep. Barbara Lee led a congressional delegation to Havana for a 4-1/2 hour meeting with Raul Castro, telling reporters, "All of us are convinced that President Castro would like normal relations and would see normalization, ending the embargo, as beneficial to both countries." Reuters reported that Lee's delegation "avoided specifics" with Castro "but were struck by his humor, impressed by his involvement in Third World causes and firm in their belief that he wants to end U.S.-Cuba enmity."

The meeting between Castro, Lee, and five other members of the Congressional Black Caucus, took place in secret without the customary presence of a US State Department official. No reporters attended, and according to the New York Times, Cuban television, which covered the visit, offered no details of what was said.

Reps. Emanuel Cleaver (D-MO), Marcia L. Fudge (D-OH), Laura Richardson (D-CA), Bobby Rush (D-IL), Melvin Luther Watt (D-CA), and Barbara Lee. "Also participating were Patrice Willougby, executive assistant to the Congressional Black Caucus, and Eulada Watt, wife of Congressman Mel Watt".

Bobby Rush said he found Raul Castro "to be just the opposite of how he's being portrayed in the media." AP quotes Rush as saying, "I think what really surprised me, but also endeared to him was his keen sense of humor, his sense of history and his basic human qualities." At times, Rush said, the lawmakers and Castro chatted "like old family members."

Lee says she wanted to influence President Barack Obama prior to the upcoming Summit of the Americas in Trinadad and Tobago.

Prior to the trip, Lee told her hometown Oakland Tribune newspaper that the US had to open up to Cuba, but did not demand that the Cuban government open up; she blasted US policy as "based on antiquated Cold War-era thinking." She could have used those words to describe her own views.[7]

Michael Honda, from California, also accompanied the delegation, as did Patrice Willoughby, executive assistant of the Congressional Black Caucus, plus four military personnel from the Congressional Liaison Office under the orders of Lieutenant Colonel Daniel Wolf.[8]

Congressional Black Caucus

The current chair of the Congressional Black Caucus for the 112th Congress is Representative Emanuel Cleaver of Missouri.[9] The Caucus was established in 1971 during the 92nd Congress (1971-1973).[10] It is an organization representing the black members of the United States Congress. Membership is exclusive to blacks.

CBC "For the People" Tour

Over 5,000 jobseekers showed up at the Wayne County Community College in Detroit for a jobs fair and town hall meeting August 16, 2011. More than 7,000 attended last week's event in Cleveland, the second stop on the Congressional Black Caucus's "For the People" tour.

Over 1,000 positions were offered at the fair.

The event was hosted by Democratic U.S. Reps. John Conyers and Hansen Clarke. Also present from the caucus were Maxine Waters of California, Emanuel Cleaver of Missouri and Gregory Meeks from New York.

Rep. Maxine Waters, noting the great love and admiration for President Obama in the African American community, called on the audience to "unleash us" to address the president on the jobs issue. "When you tell us it's alright and you unleash us and you tell us you're ready for us to have this conversation, we're ready to have the conversation. The Congressional Black Caucus loves the president too. We're supportive of the president but we're getting tired ya'll..." she said.

Rep. John Conyers called for a demonstration in front of the White House, "We should be in front, three to five, six thousand people the day before we open our 40th conference on Tuesday, September the 20th, in front of the White House, demanding jobs," Conyers said.[11]

DC CBC Town Hall

The Congressional Black Caucus Foundation held a National Town Hall Meeting at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center, located in Washington, D.C., as part of their 2011 iLead iServe 41st Annual Legislative Conference.

The National Town Hall Meeting, entitled “Economic Opportunity, Jobs!” was held on Thursday, Sept. 22 from 9 a.m. to 11:30 p.m.

The meeting involved a panel discussion, which focused on the high rates of unemployment against Blacks and underprivileged communities.

The panelists included Marc H. Morial, President of the National Urban League; Dr. Julianne Malveaux, President of Bennett College for Women; Robert L. Johnson, Founder of RLJ Companies; Congresswoman Maxine Waters, U.S. Representative for California’s 35th Congressional District ; Rep. Emanuel Cleaver II, Congressional Black Caucus Chairman; and Mr. William Lucy, Coalition of Black Trade Unionists.[12]

21st Century Democrats support

21st Century Democrats is a Political Action Committee that has stood for Progressive causes for over 20 years. Founded in 1986 by Institute for Policy Studies affiliate, Iowa Senator Tom Harkin, Democratic Socialists of America affiliates, former Texas Agriculture Secretary Jim Hightower, and former Illinois Congressman Lane Evans. Its three main goals are to help elect progressive candidates, train young people about grassroots organizing, and lastly, to continue to support our elected officials after Election Day "through our comprehensive progressive network".

Long time Board chair was Democratic Socialists of America member Jim Scheibel, a former Mayor of Saint Paul, Minnesota.

The mission of 21st Century Democrats is to build a "farm team" of progressive populists who will be the future leaders of the Democratic Party.

In each election cycle, we endorse a diverse array of candidates who exemplify our values and show unusual promise to advance our progressive goals. We invest in some of the most competitive races as well as in some of the most challenging – those in which the candidates are outstanding but the traditional Democratic supporters are most reticent. We back candidates in primaries as well as general election races, and we focus the bulk of our resources on electing challengers and protecting vulnerable incumbents.[13]

Cleaver was endorsed by 21st Century Democrats in the 2004 election cycle. [14]

Voted against cutting funding for ACORN

In September 2009, following the lead of their Senate colleagues, the House of Representatives voted overwhelmingly to cut off funds to ACORN. the vote was 345-75. All of the 75 were Democrats, and included Emanuel Cleaver. [15]

Blue Green Alliance

Emanuel Cleaver spoke alongside Leo Gerard, Hilda Solis, Nancy Pelosi and others at the Good Jobs, Green Jobs Conference held on 4-6, 2010 at, hosted by the Blue Green Alliance.[16]

Barack Obama's former "Green Jobs Czar", leader of the prominent Bay Area communist organization Standing Together to Organize a Revolutionary Movement, and founder of Green for All was a featured speaker at the Alliance's 2009 conference.[17]

The Alliance is made up of a number of leftist member organizations including United Steelworkers, the Sierra Club, CWA, SEIU, AFT and UAW.[18]

Opposing Panama, Colombia and Korea Free Trade Agreement

In October 2011;

Congress will vote on the most significant free trade agreements since NAFTA: the Panama, Colombia and Korea Free Trade Agreements. Even as our country is staggered by 9 percent unemployment, which these deals would make worse, the press has largely shut out this issue.

In response Firedoglake held a Virtual Town Hall , October 10th featuring actor and TransAfrica Forum board Chair Danny Glover, Congressional Black Caucus Chair Emanuel Cleaver and and Professor Joseph Jordan of TransAfrica’s Scholars’ Council.[19]

Obama for America, National Co-Chair

February 22, 2012, Obama for America, announced the selection of the campaign’s National Co-Chairs, a diverse group of leaders from around the country committed to re-electing President Obama. The co-chairs will serve as ambassadors for the President, advise the campaign on key issues, and help engage and mobilize voters in all 50 states.

Representative Emanuel Cleaver – Representing the 5th District of Missouri , was on the list.[20]

"Socialist issues"


Missouri Communist Party USA member E. E. W. Clay, commented on a People's World article "Mega-storm now underway a taste of what may be" by John Bachtell, October 29 2012;[21]

Democrats, especially since the base of their Party is so working class, so multi-generational, multi-ethnic, and multi-racial, demands change-and basic change.

The thrust of the more progressive elements, the NAACP and labor influences, through John Conyers's, the John Lewis's and the tradition of the Digg's, the Stokes's and the Barbara Lee's, and now, Emanuel Cleaver and Lacy Clay, is guiding the country to a more inclusive and a substantive democracy, based on bread, butter and peace, and therefore, socialist issues.


PDA contact

In 2013 Progressive Democrats of America assigned activists to deliver their material to almost every US Congressman and several Senators. Louise Brooks, was assigned as contact for Rep. Cleaver.[23]

Hockett connection

Robert Hockett November 19, 2015:


During my social worker days in late 1990s Kansas City, Mayor Cleaver was a hero to us all. Now he is a hero in the nation's legislature. That big bear-embrace he gave me once this morning's hearing had adjourned - such a moment! — with Emanuel Cleaver.

ARA lobbying

While Congress was home for recess July 2010, Alliance for Retired Americans members across the country met this week with members of Congress and staff including: Reps. Brad Miller in North Carolina; Sen. Claire McCaskill and Reps. Russ Carnahan, Emanuel Cleaver, and William Lacy Clay in Missouri; Reps. John Boccieri, Mary Jo Kilroy and Steve Driehaus in Ohio; Rep. Patrick J. Murphy in Pennsylvania; Reps. Gabrielle Giffords and Harry Mitchell in Arizona; Sen. Jeff Bingaman and Rep. Martin Heinrich in New Mexico; and Reps. John Spratt, Jr. and Jim Clyburn in South Carolina.[24]

MARA award

Geoff Jolley, Steve Quinlin

Geoff Jolley accepts hero certificate on behalf of Congressman Cleaver from Steve Quinlin, Missouri Alliance for Retired Americans Secretary, July 2, 2013.[25]

ARA PAF endorsement, 2014

The Alliance for Retired Americans Political Action Fund endorsed Emanuel Cleaver in 2014, also 2012.[26]

Lifting travel ban on Cuba

A May 03, 2013 Press release from the radical controlled and Institute for Policy Studies affiliated Latin America Working Group's Cuba Team stated:

Due to your action/emails/phone calls we have 59 signatures from House representatives urging President Obama to support travel to Cuba by granting general licenses for ALL current categories of travel.
By eliminating the laborious license application process, especially for people-to-people groups, that is managed by the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), the majority of the bureaucratic red tape that holds up licensable travel to Cuba would disappear and actually facilitate what the President wanted to see in 2011, liberalized travel regulations.

Signatories included Rep. Emanuel Cleaver.[27]

Second Cuba trip

Alan Gross press conference in Cuba, May 5, 2014
Delegation meets with Cuba's Foreign Minister Bruno Rodríguez, May 5, 2014 (Sarah Stephens, right)

In early May, 2014 Rep. Barbara Lee (CA-13), Rep. Gregory Meeks (CA-), Rep. Emanuel Cleaver (MO-5), and Rep. Sam Farr (NY-20) traveled to Cuba with Center for Democracy in the Americas, where they met with Alan Gross and Cuban officials, including Cuba's Foreign Minister Bruno Rodríguez. [28]

Barbara Lee's colleagues are quick to credit her for her relentless push to change the country's Cuba policy. "Barbara Lee, more than any other human being in the United States, has created this atmosphere," said. Rep. Emanuel Cleaver, who took his second trip to Cuba with Lee last year. "Everywhere we went in Cuba, they knew Barbara Lee. She was tough."

Cleaver, an ordained Methodist minister, was given the opportunity to preach during one of his visits. "No one asked me what I was going to say," he said. "No one gave me acceptable talking points. I delivered a sermon in Havana and later spoke at the Martin Luther King memorial in Havana with complete freedom to say what I wanted to say, to speak about justice and injustice."[29]

JStreet endorsement

The socialist infiltrated, anti-Israel "two state solution" JStreet PAC endorsed Emanuel Cleaver in his 2014 Congressional race. [30]

JStreet endorsed him again 2016.

An ordained United Methodist pastor, Cleaver has been a strong proponent of a two-state solution..[31]

Cutting off military aid to Colombia

In November 2014, eight United States lawmakers sent a letter to Secretary of State John Kerry in which they say that ongoing Afro-Colombian rights abuses show that “Colombia is not in full compliance” with human rights policies required to receive US military aid.

In the letter, coordinated by House Representative Hank Johnson’s office and signed by seven other members of Congress, the US politicians expressed “grave concern” over the human rights situation in cities on the Pacific coast, where the majority of inhabitants are Afro-Colombians.

Signatories were Hank Johnson, James McGovern, John Conyers, George Miller, John Lewis, Sam Farr, Barbara Lee, Emanuel Cleaver. [32]

Robert Hockett November 19, 2015


After an emotional meeting between a dozen members of the Congressional Black Caucus and activists in Ferguson, Mo., the CBC pledges action to keep the movement going.

After a dinner meeting with 10 young activists in Ferguson, Mo., members of the Congressional Black Caucus are looking for ways to empower the Ferguson activist community. Eleven members of the caucus met with the activists Jan. 17, 2015 including leaders from the Organization for Black Struggle and activists Deray McKesson and Johnetta Elzie.

“That dinner meeting was powerful. They [the members] heard it. They got an earful from those young people about how bad it is. They spoke on how they felt that the civil rights movement had failed them and talked on the abuse they are still taking from the criminal-justice system,” Rep. William Lacy Clay, Jr. (D-Mo.) told The Root days after the CBC visit to his district.

“The next step is for the Congressional Black Caucus Institute to get behind a massive effort to educate the voters of Ferguson. It’s a community of 21,000 people, 67 percent African American; we have the numbers, and the map works for them having a voice in local government,” Clay added.

Rep. Cedric Richmond (D-La.), who attended the Ferguson dinner, stressed during an interview with The Root, “We can’t tell them what to do” but “we can help them with what they want to do.”

Members of the CBC pledged to sponsor several young activists from Ferguson for the next CBC Political and Education Leadership Institute Boot Camp. The CBC Institute, started in 2002, has an annual political-leadership boot camp that focuses on leadership development, political campaigns and issue advocacy. In July, 55 young people graduated from the boot camp. Members can sponsor boot camp students with their campaign funds.

“Rep. Joyce Beatty [D-Ohio] agreed to sponsor one of the activists who attended the dinner at the CBC Institute boot camp. We’re gonna have about 15 of these young people in our boot camp from Ferguson,” Clay said.

Clay said the dinner meeting “was very positive, and it wasn’t really slamming the police, but it’s letting them know: OK, we’re watching you. We’re gonna take direct action legislatively to correct some of these gross inequities in the administration of justice.”

CBC member Rep. Jim Clyburn (D-S.C.), currently the top fundraiser of the 46-member caucus, brought a check to the dinner meeting for each City Council candidate at the gathering. A more detailed fundraising plan is being thought out.

“We have filled the candidates in those seats, and we will be going out in each of the three wards in Ferguson, educating the voters on the importance of them having a voice in their local government,” said Clay.

CBC Chairman G.K. Butterfield told The Root on the night of the State of the Union that the caucus will soon unveil a detailed criminal-justice legislative plan.


The delegation also included reps Karen Bass, D-Calif.; Andre Carson, D-Ind.; Emanuel Cleaver, D-Kansas City; Marcia Fudge, D-Ohio; Sheila Jackson-Lee, D-Texas; Donald Payne, Jr., D-N.J.[34]

Intelligence scandal

Three brothers who managed office information technology for members of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence and other lawmakers were abruptly relieved of their duties, on suspicion that they accessed congressional computers without permission.

Brothers Abid Awan, Imran Awan, and Jamal Awan were barred from computer networks at the House of Representatives Thursday February 2, 2017.

Three members of the intelligence panel and five members of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs were among the dozens of members who employed the suspects on a shared basis.

Also among those whose computer systems may have been compromised is Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz, the Florida Democrat who was previously the target of a disastrous email hack when she served as chairman of the Democratic National Committee during the 2016 campaign.

The brothers are suspected of serious violations, including accessing members’ computer networks without their knowledge and stealing equipment from Congress.

Jamal handled IT for Rep. Joaquin Castro, a Texas Democrat who serves on both the intelligence and foreign affairs panels.

“As of 2/2, his employment with our office has been terminated,” Castro spokeswoman Erin Hatch told TheDCNF Friday.

Jamal Awan also worked for Louisiana Democrat Rep. Cedric Richmond, who is on the Committee on Homeland Security.

Imran worked for Reps. Andre Carson, an Indiana Democrat, and Jackie Speier, a California Democrat. Both are members of the intelligence committee. Imran Awan, also worked for the House office of Wasserman Schultz.

Then-Rep. Tammy Duckworth, an Illinois Democrat, employed Abid Awan for IT work in 2016. She was a member of House committees dealing with the armed services, oversight, and Benghazi. Duckworth was elected to the Senate in November, 2016. Abid Awan has a prior criminal record and a bankruptcy.

Abid Awan also worked for Rep. Lois Frankel, a Florida Democrat who is member of the foreign affairs committee.

The three men are “shared employees,” meaning they are hired by multiple offices, which split their salaries and use them as needed for IT services. It is up to each member to fire them.

A criminal investigation into five unnamed people began late last year related to serious and potentially illegal violations of House IT policies. Chiefs of staff for the members were briefed Thursday by the Sergeant-at-Arms.

Capitol Police spokeswoman Eva Malecki said the investigation was still ongoing, and arrests have not been made but staff were “asked to update their security settings.”

The Sergeant-at-Arms told staff that the subjects were four men who were brothers and one woman. It did not name them. It quoted one of the affected members as saying “they said it was some sort of procurement scam, but now I’m concerned that they may have stolen data from us, emails, who knows.”

The three brothers have all shared a house in Lorton, Virginia, that is owned by Hina Alvi. Alvi is a female House IT employee who works for many of the same members as the three brothers, as well as the House Democratic Caucus. Alvi has worked for reps Gregory Meeks, Yvette Clarke, Dave Loebsack, and Emanuel Cleaver.

Signs of trouble have long been visible in public records. The Congressional Credit Union repossessed Abid’s car in 2009, and he declared bankruptcy in 2012, facing multiple lawsuits.

Alvi, who did not respond to TheDCNF’s request for comment, has taken multiple second mortgages.

Jack Langer, spokesman for the intelligence committee, said the committee office has its own IT staff and security measures and classified information from the panel is not allowed to be sent to members’ personal offices.[35]

Letter on US-Mexico security Co-operation


From Clergy and Laity United for Economic Justice;

Urgent alert from our friends at CISPES- Los Angeles Chapter : "The US plans to expand cooperation between Mexico and the United States to unfairly and inhumanely target Central American migrants and asylum seekers at the upcoming "Conference on Prosperity and Security in Central America".
We asked Representative Alan Lowenthal of Long Beach to author a letter to Secretary Tillerson calling for to put the human rights of Central Americans and all migrants and refugees front and center, and he's circulating a letter now. To have the biggest impact possible we need as many Members of Congress as possible to sign this letter!
Call or email your representative today and ask them to join Mr. Lowenthal as a co-signer.

Representative Alan Lowenthal (D-CA) led 37 Members of Congress, including top Democrats from the Armed Forces, Judiciary and Appropriations committees, in sending a letter to Secretary of State Rex Tillerson to raise red flags about “suggestions that the United States deepen security collaboration with Mexico along its southern border [with Guatemala] due to evidence that Mexico’s Southern Border Program has led to wide-spread human rights violations and abuses against migrants and asylum-seekers.”

Signers: Don Beyer (D-VA), Suzanne Bonamici (D-OR), Mike Capuano (D-MA), Tony Cardenas (D-CA), Judy Chu (D-CA), Emanuel Cleaver (D-MO), John Conyers (D-MI), Lloyd Doggett (D-TX), Keith Ellison (D-MN), Dwight Evans (D-PA), Ruben Gallego (D-AZ), Raul Grijalva (D-AZ), Luis Gutierrez (D-IL), Alcee Hastings (D-FL), Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-Washington, DC), Pramila Jayapal (D-WA), Hank Johnson (D-GA), Marcy Kaptur (D-OH), Barbara Lee (D-CA) , Zoe Lofgren (D-CA), Michelle Lujan Grisham (D-NM), Stephen Lynch (D-MA), Betty McCollum (D-MN), James McGovern (D-MA), Seth Moulton (D-MA), Mark Pocan (D-WI), Grace Napolitano (D-CA), Lucille Roybal-Allard (D-CA), Jose Serrano (D-NY), Jan Schakowsky (D-IL), Louise Slaughter (D-NY), Adam Smith (D-WA), Paul Tonko (D-NY), Maxine Waters (D-CA), John Yarmuth (D-KY).[36]

Senior Advisory Committee NDI

In 2018 Emanuel Cleaver served on the Senior Advisory Committee of the National Democratic Institute.[37]

Medicare for All Act

In February 2019 Rep. Pramila Jayapal introduced H.R.1384 - Medicare for All Act of 2019. By May 29 she had 110 co-sponsors including Rep. Emanuel Cleaver.


The following have worked as staff members for Emanuel Cleaver:[38]

External links


  1. Biography
  2. Committees
  3. War Is A Crime .org, Peace Pledge Coalition
  4. [http://www.democrats.com/peace-pledge Democrats.com. Sign the Pledge for Peace petition. Bob Fertik August 19, 2007
  5. Jubilee USA October 16, 2007 Prayer Breakfast
  6. Congressional Progressive Caucus website: Caucus Member List
  7. Congresswoman Barbara Lee: Still stuck in the Cold War, political Warfare, Michael Waller (accessed on August 20, 2010)
  8. Reflections of Fidel, The seven Congress members who are visiting us, Havana. April 7, 2009
  9. Congressional Black Caucus: Members (accessed on Feb. 24, 2011)
  10. Congressional Black Caucus website: Our History (accessed on July 28, 2011)
  11. Peoples World: Detroit demands action on jobs by Joe Sims, August 17 2011
  12. [http://kandaceredd.wordpress.com/2011/11/13/2011-congressional-black-caucus-town-hall-meeting-economic-opportunity-jobs/Kandace K. Redd, NOVEMBER 13, 2011 · 3:31 PM ↓ Jump to Comments 2011 Congressional Black Caucus Town Hall Meeting: Economic Opportunity-Jobs!]
  13. 21st Century Democrats website, About us]
  14. 21st Century Democrats 2006 bio
  15. [http://www.americanthinker.com/blog/2009/09/the_75_democrats_who_are_prose.html American Thinker, September 18, 2009 The 75 Democrats who are pro-sex slave ACORN defenders By Ethel C. Fenig]
  16. Green Jobs Conference website: 2010 Speakers (accessed on Jan. 28, 2011)
  17. Green Jobs Conference website: 2009 Speakers (accessed on Jan. 28, 2011)
  18. Blue Green Alliance website: Member Organizations (accessed on Jan. 28, 2011)
  19. Virtual Townhall with Danny Glover and Rep. Emanuel Cleaver, Hosted by TransAfrica Forum
  21. [1]
  22. 21st Century Democrats: Past Candidates (accessed on Feb. 9, 2011)
  23. PDA May 2013 Educate Congress Digest Letter drops (191 in total – 105 in April )
  24. ARA,Alliance Retirees Meet with Members of Congress, Sebelius
  25. MOARA Flicksr, July 2, 2013
  26. PAF
  27. Update on Cuba Travel: We Gathered 59 Signatures, The LAWG Cuba Team: Mavis, Emily and Karina on May 03, 2013
  28. Youtube, Delegation of Members of Congress to Cuba, Rep. Emanuel Cleaver, May 6, 2014
  29. Nation journal, Havana-Bound: Cuba Rapidly Becomes a Favorite Member Destination, BY ALEX BROWN]
  30. J Street The political home for pro-Israel, pro-peace Americans
  31. JStreetPAC 2016 Endorsees
  32. Colombia Reports, US lawmakers question Colombia military aid over ongoing rights abuses Nov 10, 2014 posted by Joel Gillin
  33. [ http://www.theroot.com/articles/politics/2015/01/congressional_black_caucus_offers_training_and_support_to_ferguson_activists.html The Root, CBC Offers Training and Support to Ferguson ActivistsBY: LAUREN VICTORIA BURKE Posted: Jan. 28 2015]
  34. ST Louis Posst Dispatch, Congressional Black Caucus members to attend church services Sunday in Ferguson January 16, 2015 10:30 am • By Chuck Raasch
  35. The Daily Caller, LUKE ROSIAK11:12 AM 02/04/2017
  36. CISPES June 15, 2017 Trump Administration's Agenda at Conference in Miami Provokes Controversy and Opposition
  37. [2]
  38. Legistorm: Emanuel Cleaver (accessed on Aug. 24, 2010)