Hillary Rodham Clinton
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|Hillary Rodham Clinton|
|United States Secretary of State|
Hillary Rodham Clinton (born October 26, 1947) is currently serving as the 67th Secretary of State in the Obama Administration. She was a Senator for New York from 2001 to 2009, and ran for the Democratic Primaries in 2008. She was the First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001 as wife of President Bill Clinton whom she married in 1975.
The Inner Circle
- It was a kitchen cabinet--literally. In the summer of 1991, as he was inching toward running for president, Bill Clinton would convene informal breakfasts in the kitchen of the Arkansas governor's mansion in Little Rock. Seated around the central counter, Clinton and his wife, Hillary Rodham Clinton, would talk things over with two of their best friends, Bruce and Bev Lindsey, and a procession of other guests. At the end of one particularly intense chat, Bruce Lindsey had a question. "Bill," he asked in mock distress. "What do we do if we win?"
- Everyone laughed.
- On the final night of the Democratic convention a year later, the Clintons stood with a swaying throng onstage, belting out the campaign's own song, "Circle of Friends." The scene was designed to show the bring-us-together message of the fall campaign. But it had another meaning. If Clinton wins, he'll bring to Washington his own vast circle of friends--a circle with its center point in the mansion's kitchen. Bruce Lindsey put aside his Little Rock law practice to be Clinton's consigliere, riding the campaign plane beside the candidate. And Bev Lindsey, a veteran staffer of Democratic campaigns, has been overseeing Clinton's debate prep.
- Every president arrives with a unique network and world view-a portable culture that shapes the success or failure of his administration. Jimmy Carter's outsider presidency was driven by his shrewd but insular Georgia Mafia. Ronald Reagan's antifederal, tax-cut credo was fashioned by Hollywood, his years as a GE pitchman, the Goldwater movement and the tuxedoed swells of Bel Air. The George Bush of Skull and Bones and Ways and Means, of the CIA and the RNC, was fated to be an in-basket president: successful in wartime urgency, blind to domestic concerns that didn't show up in a Situation Room or congressional cloakroom.
- The Clintons are the ultimate networkers of their generation. But what does their "Circle of Friends" look like? In crises and private moments, whom will Clinton turn to?
- Clinton's world is no cadre of down-home "outsiders." His and Hillary's range of contacts are as sophisticated--some would say elitist--as any since John F. Kennedy's New Frontier. As much as by Little Rock and Hot Springs, they were shaped by such places as Georgetown, Yale, Wellesley and Oxford. It's a world of men and women who have fashioned their careers in and around universities, elective office and student-based "movements." Business executives, and even economists, are rare. So, too, are people with experience in the military. And so, it must be said, are blacks and Hispanics. Many are lawyers from a baby-boom generation of postindustrial "knowledge workers." Naturally enough, they believe with an almost religious zeal in the redemptive power of schools, colleges and courts. It is a group forged in a more liberal era, when the best and the brightest of the young believed that government could be a tool of social change.
- If he wins, Clinton will bring to Washington a new style and set of social assumptions. His circle, and his campaign, is full of husband-and-wife teams like his own and the Lindseys'. It would be the first administration to draw fully on a rising cadre of career women trained for law and politics. It probably would be the first to include a number of activist gays and lesbians. Though it would contain its share of people of wealth, its ethos would be informal. Last week Clinton campaign chairman Mickey Kantor-a high-priced Los Angeles lawyer by trade-was ferried around Washington in a student's battered Toyota.
- A closer look at the many networks that compose Clinton's World, and the political lessons and people who come with them:
- When Clinton's candidacy seemed to be falling apart in New Hampshire last winter, a group of friends called the Arkansas Travelers took to their cars and buses and drove north. They were led by Arkansas Sen. David Pryor--whose crisis aid will not be forgotten when it comes to making key appointments. They took out newspaper ads with their home phone numbers, urging locals to call for the good word on their hero. Thousands did.
- It was a typically Arkansan move. In a vast state with fewer people than metropolitan Atlanta, a personal style remains."Bill knows everybody by their first name" says former Democratic state chairman Skip Rutherford. " But in Arkansas you're supposed to." Clinton operated that way in Little Rock, and would do so in Washington.
- Clinton today counts among his closest friends a core of Arkansans from the business and legal worlds. Besides Lindsey, they include Hillary's law partners and Jim Blair, counsel to the giant Tyson's Foods. Perhaps Clinton's closest friend in the business world is Little Rock's Thomas F. (Mack) McLarty, whom he met at Boys' State and who now runs the powerful Arkansas-Louisiana Gas Co.
- These friends tempered Clinton's early, Naderesque attitude toward business--and his personal connections to them have sometimes given rise to conflict-of-interest charges. Clinton has learned to live cheek by jowl with a business community that has more clout and cash than most outsiders realize. Among those who have raised money in million-dollar hunks for his campaign is Alice Walton, daughter of the late Sam Walton.
- The cousinly Arkansas touch pops up in Clinton's world in unexpected places. A prime example is Harry Thomason, of Hampton, Ark. He worked with his wife, TV producer Linda Bloodworth-Thomason, on a home-movie-style film about the Clintons shown at the convention. The Bloodworth-Thomasons continue to offer critical assistance: they enlisted a topflight Hollywood hairdresser for Clinton's second debate.
- Clinton didn't perform the traditional act of political networking in his home state: attending the University of Arkansas Law School in Fayetteville. Instead, he made his earliest Arkansas political contacts in Washington, as a student at Georgetown. While working as a student intern for Sen. William Fulbright, he met Bruce Lindsey, who later became a top aide to Pryor.
- Clinton was the president of Georgetown's class of 1968; the president of the class of '67 was Roger Altman, who went on to become rich as an investment banker. Altman, now an adviser and important fund raiser for Clinton, is a leading contender for a top economic post in a Clinton administration. As an official in the Carter administration Treasury Department, Altman assembled the private financing for the Chrysler bailout-a hair-raising government rescue that left him skeptical of using such "interventions" as a pattern. "They shouldn't constitute any norm," he says.
- It is the way of Clinton's world that networks double back and interweave-often due to Hillary Clinton's own wide circle of contacts. Altman, for example, reconnected with the Clintons when he served with her on the board of the Children's Television Workshop in New York. The epicenter of Hillary's circle is Wellesley College, where, in 1969, she became the first student to give a commencement address. Helping women gain elective office has been a constant theme ever since. Hillary and several other members of the "Wellesley Network" were important early supporters of the National Women's Political Caucus, says longtime Clinton aide Betsey Wright. It was this group, in fact, that persuaded Wright to move to Arkansas in 1982 to become Bill Clinton's chief of staff. The Wellesley Network lives: Hillary's classmate Janice Piercy recently left her post with the MacArthur Foundation in Chicago to codirect the Clinton transition team's talent search.
- While Clinton's draft maneuvering at Oxford has gotten the ink,the more important events involved the fellow Rhodes scholars he met there. " Rhodes scholars," says columnist Michael Kinsley (who was one), "tend to combine a genuine, naive idealism with a fair amount of opportunistic scheming. "Two of the most influential in Clinton's world are Robert B. Reich, now a prolific author and lecturer at Harvard, and Ira Magaziner, a business consultant based in Providence, R.I. Magaziner gained early fame at Brown University, where he led a drive for a "new curriculum" that gave students more choice in courses and room for individual initiative. He later tried, unsuccessfully, to persuade Rhode Island to turn itself into an entrepreneurial "greenhouse" with a sweeping program of state money and regulatory changes.
- Both men are long-time proponents of what Reich calls "public investment economics." When George Bush derided Clintonites as a nest of "European-style social engineers," he meant Reich and Magaziner. Their growth strategy relies on redesigning "infrastructure"--everything from railroads to antitrust laws to worker-retraining programs--to help the country compete in global markets. Manipulating the money supply, tax rates or consumer demand isn't enough, they argue.
- Clinton reads their work carefully, and they return the favor. When author David Osborne--a guru of practical "New Paradigm" political thinking--was looking for governors to profile, Reich urged him to go to Arkansas. Osborne's favorable reviews helped establish Clinton with the thinktank and policy-wonk set.
- Reich's most important influence was to urge Clinton to join him in attending Yale Law School, an institution that placed supreme faith in the ability of law to improve society as a whole, and not merely settle disputes. The famous credo, recalls Clinton classmate Nancy Bekavac, was: At Harvard Law, you learn what the law is; at Yale you learn what it ought to be. Bill Clinton and Hillary Rodham arrived at Yale during a time of unprecedented ferment in the law, as teachers there were studying how to extend the theories of civil-rights law to women's and children's rights.
- At Yale, Hillary was inspired by an earlier graduate of the school, Marian Wright Edelman, a civil-rights attorney who would soon found the Children's Defense Fund. Edelman, a power in Washington child-welfare circles, remains one of Clinton's closest friends-and a frequently mentioned candidate for a post in a Clinton cabinet. Hillary's legal activism led to other connections. As chair of the Legal Services Corp. in the Carter years, she met Mickey Kantor, a former poverty lawyer who quickly became a close friend-and one of the first major party insiders to champion Clinton as a presidential candidate.
- Much has been made about Clinton's protest activities and travels. But, again, what matters more is the Americans he met along the way, in England and back in the United States. One was leftist writer Derek Shearer, son of an editor at Parade magazine and now brother-in-law of another close friend at Oxford, journalist (and fellow Rhodes scholar) Strobe Talbott of Time. Activists-turned-campaigners provided Clinton with his first entree into national politics. At Oxford, he befriended another fellow Rhodes, Rick Stearns, who in turn introduced Clinton to a wide circle of antiwar activists. That led Clinton, in 1970, to work in the Connecticut Senate campaign of Joe Duffey. Duffey (now the president of American University in Washington) and his wife, Anne Wexler (a leading corporate lobbyist), remain close friends of the Clintons--and another pair of potential administration figures. Stearns also found a job for Clinton in the McGovern campaign in Texas. There, in 1972, he first worked with Betsey Wright. Ten years later she became his chief of staff in Little Rock.
- By 1974 when he ran unsuccessfully for Congress at the age of 28, Clinton was able to tap a national network of astonishing breadth. Though a political novice, records show that he greatly outspent the Republican incumbent, John Paul Hammerschmidt. That network has remained financially loyal to this day.
- In his presidential campaign, the antiwar network provided Clinton with another crucial circle of friends: the gay and lesbian community. A Clinton ally from those times is David Mixner. Now a Los Angeles business consultant and leading gay activist, Mixner has raised more than $3 million for Clinton.
- Governors of large states regard the National Governors' Association and its subgroups as a Rotary Club for obscure politicians. But from his first year as governor, in 1979, Clinton was a model participant, willing to do the scut work while others talked. Clinton remains especially close to progressive governors of smaller Southern states like his own. One who is touted as a possible Clinton White House insider is former South Carolina governor Richard Riley. He and others fought for improved education, increased foreign investment and a nondogmatic approach to using government as an engine of economic growth in low-tax states. "If you know the history of the South you know we think education is the answer," says Riley.
- Others in Clinton's gubernatorial pantheon include Georgia Gov. Zell Miller and former governors Jim Blanchard of Michigan, Bruce Babbitt of Arizona and Ray Mabus of Mississippi. Any or all of them could end up in a Clinton administration where management by governors could be a hallmark. "We had to learn to do more with less," says Riley, "and that may be a lesson the nation needs."
- Southern progressives established their own informal, bipartisan vacation retreat in 1981, and it has provided the Clintons with another network. Founded by Phil Lader, who at the time was the president of the Sea Pines Co. the "Renaissance Weekend" brings to Hilton Head each New Year's a varied group to discuss everything from politics to personal growth. The Clintons have been attending since 1984. At one discussion session a few years ago, Clinton insisted that politicians deserved a "zone of privacy"-and won substantial applause for what, in effect, was a tryout of the arguments he would later make in his presidential campaign.
- Once derided by Jesse Jackson as "Democrats for the Leisure Class," the Democratic Leadership Council became one of Clinton's newest and most important networks-the last one he assembled before he launched his campaign. Founded by centrist Democrats, many of them Southerners upset by the 1984 Mondale campaign, the DLC knit together like-minded elected officials. It also launched a think tank, the Progressive Policy Institute, which has been a spawning ground for many of the New Paradigm ideas-such as national service in exchange for college loans-that Clinton now champions and will undoubtedly propose to Congress if he is elected. The group has contributed to the Clinton campaign one of its top advisers, political economist Robert Shapiro. The DLC served another important function for Clinton. It hooked him up with Wall Street and other leading business types, who became major contributors.
- The last circle of friends to fall into place was Bill Clinton's own campaign. Tried by fire in the New Hampshire and New York primaries, campaign aides developed a hit-'em-back-harder style that could carry over into a Clinton administration--and be troublesome. Besides the Lindseys, Wright, Kantor, Stephanopoulos, this new network includes polltaker Stan Greenberg, media advisers Frank Greer and Mandy Grunwald, campaign manager David Wilhelm, spin doctors James Carville and Paul Begala, spokesperson Dee Dee Myers and fund-raiser Rahm Emanuel.
- Until now, the Clintons have been able to assemble their circles without having to choose among them. In fact, some barely know the others exist. But that will change if the Clintons make it to the Oval Office. Suddenly all friends will be visible-to each other and the nation. On social policy, can the DLC types coexist with, say, gay-rights activists? In economics, can his Little Rock business allies live with the "public investment" engineers? In the end, Clinton's biggest challenge as president could be deciding which of the many friends he's made he's willing to lose.
Hillary Clinton was born Hillary Diane Rodham to Hugh Ellsworth Rodham and Dorothy Emma Howell in Chicago, Illinois on Oct. 26, 1947. She has two younger brothers, Hugh Rodham and Tony Rodham. Her parents, who were United Methodist's who moved the family to Park Ridge, Illinois when Hillary was three-years-old. Her father operated a small business in the textile industry while her mother was a homemaker.
Early Political Activism
Growing up in a politically conservative household, Hillary began working for the Republican party from the age of thirteen. However during her college years, prompted by events such as the Civil Rights Movement and the Vietnam War, she changed her political views by the late 1960's. She left the Republican Party for good in 1968.
Law School & Career
Hillary majored in political science at Wellesley Collge in 1965 before entering Yale Law School where her research focused on children and the law.
Marriage to Bill Clinton
In late Spring, 1971, Hillary began dating Bill Clinton who was also studying law at Yale. In 1974, following repeated requests from Bill Clinton to marry him, Hillary accepted. They were married on Oct. 11, 1975 in the Rodham's living room. On February 27, 1980, Rodham gave birth to a daughter, Chelsea, her only child.
Hillary Clinton grew up as a Goldwater Republican, like her father, in the middle-class Chicago suburb of Park Ridge. By the time she was a freshman at Wellesley, when she was elected president of the College Republicans, her concern with civil rights and the war in Vietnam put her closer to the moderate-liberal wing of the GOP led by Nelson Rockefeller. By her junior year, she had to be talked by her professor into taking an internship with Rep. Gerald R. Ford and the House Republican Caucus. In her senior year, she was campaigning for the anti-war Democrat Eugene McCarthy.
"I sometimes think that I didn't leave the Republican Party," she has written, "as much as it left me."
Alan H. Schecter, far left Professor Emeritus of Political Science at Wellesley College served as Hillary Clinton's senior thesis advisor, and directed the Wellesley in Washington internship program in which she participated as a student. 
The senior thesis of Hillary D. Rodham, Wellesley College class of 1969, was on the work of Chicago radical Saul Alinsky.
The Clintons who asked Wellesley in 1993 to hide Hillary Rodham's senior thesis from the first generation of Clinton biographers, according to her thesis adviser and friend, professor Alan H. Schechter, who describes taking the call from the White House. "A stupid political decision."
Wellesley's president, Nannerl Overholser Keohane, approved a broad rule with a specific application: The senior thesis of every Wellesley alumna is available in the college archives for anyone to read -- except for those written by either a "president or first lady of the United States."
So far, that action has sealed precisely one document: Hillary Rodham’s senior honors thesis in political science, entitled " ‘There Is Only the Fight...’: An Analysis of the Alinsky Model."
Rodham took her thesis title — “There Is Only the Fight...” — from T.S. Eliot:
"There is only the fight to recover what has been lost and found and lost again and again."
She began with a feminist jab at the clichés of male authors: "Although I have no ‘loving wife’ to thank for keeping the children away while I wrote, I do have many friends and teachers who have contributed to the process of thesis-writing.” She thanks particularly “Mr. Alinsky for providing a topic, sharing his time and offering me a job.”
Treuhaft, Walker and Burnstein
Hillary Rodham served a:) clerkship in 1971 at one of America's most radical law firms, San Francisco based Treuhaft, Walker and Burnstein.
One partner at the firm, Doris Brin Walker, was a lifelong Communist Party USA member at the time. Another partner, Robert Treuhaft, had left the party in 1958, several years after being called before the House Un-American Activities Committee and labeled as one of America's most "dangerously subversive" lawyers. The Oakland-based firm was renowned for taking clients others rejected as too controversial, including Communists, draft resisters, and members of the African-American militant group known as the Black Panther Party. The other partner Malcolm Burnstein, maintained a lifetime commitment to radical causes.
The firm was involved in a volatile Black Panthers case the summer Mrs. Clinton worked there: the trial of Huey Newton for the 1967 killing of an Oakland police officer. Treuhaft represented a Newton associate whose role in the trial may have helped Newton win a series of mistrials and, eventually, the dismissal of all charges related to the officer's death.
Partners at the firm said it was likely Mrs. Clinton also worked on politically sensitive cases involving a Berkeley student activist denied admission to the California bar over incendiary rhetoric, Stanford physician interns fighting a loyalty oath at the Veterans Administration, and men claiming conscientious objector status to avoid being drafted and sent to Vietnam. Mrs. Clinton's only public recollection of her work at the Treuhaft firm is that she handled a child custody matter.
Mrs. Clinton's most vivid memories from that summer may be personal ones that have nothing to do with the law firm with which she clerked. A fellow Yale law student, President Clinton, shared the Berkeley apartment where she was staying. The pair soon got serious and would move in together when they returned to New Haven that fall.
Mrs. Clinton's decision to work at the Treuhaft firm was rooted in the turbulence, chaos and radicalism that buffeted Yale after she entered law school there in 1969. Most campuses saw their share of foment, but Yale saw more than its share in the spring of 1970 because of the impending criminal trial in New Haven of a Black Panthers' leader, Bobby Seale, and several co-defendants, for kidnapping and murdering another member of the Panthers. Many, including Yale's president at the time, doubted that Seale and other black militants could get a fair trial. As students prepared for a national student strike on May Day 1970, a suspicious fire broke out in the basement of a Yale law library.
Mrs. Clinton has written about joining a "bucket brigade to put out" the library fire and about organizing round-the-clock patrols in the wake of the blaze.
Ultimately, the May Day protest turned Yale into an armed camp, occupied by thousands of soldiers, but the event yielded little of the feared violence. That came three days later at Kent State University in Ohio when National Guard soldiers shot and killed four students protesting the Vietnam War.
The Black Panthers' trial didn't actually begin until the fall. During the lead-up, Seale's attorney, Charles Garry of San Francisco, became a regular presence in the courtyards at Yale Law School.
At some point, Treuhaft and his wife, Jessica Mitford, passed through New Haven and threw a party to raise money for the Panthers' defense. According to Gail Sheehy's biography of Mrs. Clinton, "Hillary's Choice," the future senator attended the Treuhaft-Mitford party. Many have surmised that this event laid the groundwork for Mrs. Clinton's clerkship at Treuhaft's law office.
One of Treuhaft's partners, Malcolm Burnstein, said Mrs. Clinton's internship was arranged by a national student group. "She was sent to us by the Law Students' Civil Rights Research Council," Mr. Burnstein told the Sun. The group also paid Mrs. Clinton during her summer at the firm, he said. It is possible Mrs. Clinton selected the Treuhaft firm and then arranged funding through the council. That's how she set up her first law-school summer internship working with the future founder of the Children's Defense Fund, Marian Wright Edelman.
Mrs. Clinton's only public recollection of her stint at the Treuhaft firm came in her 2003 memoir, "Living History."
"I told Bill about my summer plans to clerk at Treuhaft, Walker and Burnstein, a small law firm in Oakland, California and he announced that he would like to go with me," she wrote. "I spent most of my time working for Mal Burnstein researching, writing legal motions and briefs for a child custody case."
A review of some of Mr. Burnstein's legal files now at the archives of the University of California at Berkeley shows that the Treuhaft firm also handled two major cases in mid-1971 involving political dissent. One involved a protest leader who was elected Berkeley student body president, Daniel Siegel.
Mr. Siegel passed his the bar exam in 1970, but his admission was blocked on grounds that he was morally unfit. He was criminally charged with inciting the 1969 "People's Park" riot, which left one man dead, others injured, and hundreds arrested.
Mr. Siegel was acquitted of that charge, but bar officials said his statements prior to the riot and thereafter indicated he was not suited to be an attorney. They also asked him if he was a Communist, which he denied.
Mr. Burnstein appealed the bar committee's rejection to the California Supreme Court, arguing that Mr. Siegel was being punished for his political beliefs. The court eventually sided with Mr. Siegel, who joined the bar in November 1973.
Two other dissenters whose case was pending during Mrs. Clinton's summer at the Treuhaft firm were Peter Cummings and Peter Rudd. Both were medical students from Case Western Reserve University in Ohio who won internships at Stanford University in Palo Alto, Calif. On arriving at Stanford, they discovered they were required to fill out loyalty oaths to do a required rotation at the nearby Veterans Administration hospital. "It was the typical, 'Are you now or have you ever been a member of the Communist Party?'" Dr. Cummings recalled in a recent interview. He said he and Dr. Rudd were not Communists, but chafed at signing the oath. "I've always been very annoyed by and not a fan of this kind of loyalty oath," Dr. Cummings said.
Through the American Civil Liberties Union, the pair became clients of Mr. Burnstein. In the ensuing legal challenges, which went before riders of the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals at least twice, the government argued that disloyal medical students might try to kill unsuspecting veterans who sought medical treatment. Mr. Burnstein prevailed and the loyalty oath for Veterans Administration doctors soon wound up as a footnote of history.
As Mrs. Clinton left the Treuhaft firm in 1971, one of its partners was gearing up for the defense of a Communist and black revolutionary, Angela Davis, against murder, kidnapping and conspiracy charges stemming from a 1970 shootout that left a California judge dead. Ms. Walker became the resident Communist on Ms. Davis's legal team. "I was asked by the Party to participate in Angela's case," the lawyer said. She said no one else at the law firm, including Mrs. Clinton, worked on Ms. Davis's case.
At the trial, held in 1972 at San Jose, the Treuhaft firm's winning record held up again. A jury acquitted the polarizing African-American activist of all charges.
By the time Mrs. Clinton arrived at the Treuhaft firm in 1971, its reputation as a defender of left-wingers and radicals was well established. Indeed, those at the firm assumed that reputation drew the Yale law student in.
"She did want to work for a left-wing movement law firm. Anyone who went to college or law school would have known our law firm was a Communist law firm," Treuhaft told Ms. Sheehy in 1999.
"This was an old-left, radical law firm," a staff attorney there during Mrs. Clinton's summer, David Nawi, said. "Treuhaft was suing the police and doing wonderful work with the black community in East Oakland before anybody else."
A Yale Law student who worked as a clerk at the firm the summer before Mrs. Clinton arrived, Mary Nichols, said Treuhaft was open about his stint in the Communist Party. "Treuhaft, he himself was proud of having been a Communist at one time. This was not something that they hid in any way. They were not people stockpiling dynamite. They were a respectable law firm, but still you knew they had experimented in that kind of way," she said.
Mr. Siegel, the Berkeley protester-turned-lawyer, said committed student leftists in 1971 would have viewed the firm's Communist connections as quaint, perhaps even conservative. "We almost universally thought Communist Party people were sellouts," he said. "People of my generation who were getting involved were Marxists, Maoists, even Trotskyists. The Communist Party was pretty unpopular, unless your parents were in it."
The details of Treuhaft's membership in the Communist Party were not formally disclosed until 1977, when his wife, Jessica Mitford, published a humorous memoir of their years in the Communist ranks. In "A Fine Old Conflict," she reported that her husband signed up in 1943 and that she followed in 1944. Both left the party in 1958, she wrote.
Ms. Walker joined the party in 1942. "I'm still a Marxist, and that's why I stayed in," she said.
While many American Communists quit the party in disgust in 1956 following the Soviet invasion of Hungary and Nikita Khrushchev's denunciation of Josef Stalin's crimes, those events do not seem to have been the impetus for the departure of Treuhaft and Mitford, who stayed on for another two years.
A journalist who edited a recently published collection of Mitford's letters, Peter Sussman, said the couple's falling out with the American Communist Party was driven largely by its unyielding bureaucracy.
"She was bored with it," Mr. Sussman said. "It was ineffective. She had worked to reform it and that was unsuccessful, and to give the American party some autonomy from Soviet Communism."
Mr. Sussman said Mitford, who died in 1996, was also "bitterly disappointed" about a decision the party made to cut ties with a group dedicated to resolving racial inequities in America, the Civil Rights Congress.
A collection of Mitford's letters indicates that Republican political operatives knew about Mrs. Clinton's work at Treuhaft's firm months before the 1992 election, but apparently chose not to raise it despite her prominence in her husband's presidential campaign. In a July 4, 1992 letter to a veteran civil rights activist, Virginia Durr, Mitford wrote, "There was a v. long article in Vanity Fair by Gail Sheehy, an interview with Hillary in which every detail of her life from childhood on was explored — no mention of the internship in Bob's law office. Quite right, I thought, as obviously if that came out it would be prime meat for the Bush campaign."
Mr. Burnstein said he, Treuhaft, and Ms. Walker agreed upon learning of Mr. Clinton's presidential bid not to talk publicly about Mrs. Clinton's clerkship because they anticipated it would become fodder for Mr. Clinton's opponents.
"We expected it," Mr. Burnstein said. "We were very carefully not talking to the press back then. ... We did not want her being unfairly tarred with someone else's politics. Hillary's politics were not Bob's politics, which were not Doris's politics, which were not mine."
"For Hillary to pick the most left-wing firm really at that time in the Bay Area, it's still a surprise to me that more hasn't been made of that," Ms. Walker said. "It was such an obvious thing for them to pick up, but they didn't, and I've never understood it."
Bernard Rapoport connection
As Texas swung from a Democratic stronghold to an increasingly Republican and conservative state, Marxist leaning businessman Bernard Rapoport continued to support liberal Democrats and their causes, both with his money and his extensive national political connections. His contributions to George McGovern’s 1972 presidential campaign put Mr. Rapoport on one of President Richard M. Nixon’s enemies lists; contributions to the presidential campaigns of both Bill Clinton and Hillary Rodham Clinton helped nourish a 40-year friendship. Mr. Clinton was scheduled to deliver a eulogy at a memorial service in May 2012, in Washington DC.
Children's Defense Fund
New World Foundation
Hillary Clinton writes about her involvement with the Children’s Defense Fund, headed by Marian Wright Edelman, but omits any mention of the New World Foundation (NWF). Hillary followed Edelman’s husband, Peter Edelman, as chairman of the NWF. Mrs. Clinton chaired the group during a time, 1982-1988, when it gave grants to the Committee in Solidarity with the People of El Salvador, a front group for the communist terrorists; the National Lawyers Guild, a one-time-identified communist front; and the Christic Institute, an extreme left-wing group of lawyers which practiced “legal terrorism” against citizens, retired military and intelligence officials, and others who were perceived to be supporting the cause of freedom from communism in Central America.
Peter Flaherty writes, “Hillary’s official biography prepared by the ’92 Clinton campaign makes no mention of her stint as NWF chairman, despite the fact that she oversaw some $23 million in foundation assets. A few journalists, like Dan Wattenberg of The American Spectator, did report on the NWF grants during the summer of 1992, but the major media paid almost no attention. There was no need for Hillary to defend herself.”
Bill's radical friends
Hillary Clinton also took advantage of Bill Clinton’s radical connections, many developed in his trips abroad. Strobe Talbott and Bill Clinton had been Rhodes Scholars in England together, for example, and Talbott and his wife, Brooke Shearer, “became friends of mine,” she writes. Brooke’s brother, Derek Shearer, another Yale graduate, became a friend of Bill and pro-Marxist economic advisor to Bill Clinton.
In 1994 Jim McDermott, John Conyers and Paul Wellstone promoted a "single-payer" health care bill (HR1200/S491). Ellen Shaffer, a member of Wellstone's staff told the People's Weekly World that the authors had been "working closely" with Hillary Clinton. "She knows what they are doing" Shaffer said.
Several U.S. lawmakers have championed a domestic terrorist group, the Armed Forces of National Liberation (known by its Spanish initials of FALN) that seeks to impose a Marxist-Leninist regime on Puerto Rico and secede from the United States.
In the 1970s and 1980s, the FALN planted more than 130 bombs and killed at least six people. Reps. Jose Serrano (D-N.Y.), Nydia Velázquez (D-N.Y.) and Luis Gutierrez (D-Ill.), all left-wingers of Puerto Rican ancestry, embraced the cause of 16 convicted FALN members serving time in federal prison. Serrano called them "political prisoners," according to the People's Weekly World, the official newspaper of the Communist Party USA.
They campaigned to pressure then-president Bill Clinton to issue pardons to free the radicals, even though the terrorists themselves had not requested that their sentences be commuted. When Clinton agreed to grant them clemency in August 1999, Serrano blasted him for requiring them to renounce violence as a precondition of their release.
That presidential action caused problems for then-first lady Hillary Clinton, who was about to begin her campaign to become a U.S. senator. "President Clinton made his decision to release the FALN terrorists at the same time his wife was campaigning for the Senate in New York," the Senate Republican Policy Committee reported in a policy paper.
"Many commentators believe he hoped to win votes for his wife from the large Hispanic population in New York City. However, law-enforcement groups and victims'-rights groups were outraged, and his clemency offer did not poll well in New York state. His wife then opposed the granting of clemency, and the president denied that she was in any way involved in the decision."
The clemency offer did not otherwise fit the pattern of Clinton's behavior, the committee noted: "The president had only granted three out of the more than 4,000 clemency requests during his presidency." The terrorists didn't even ask for clemency, and in granting it Clinton "did not follow the procedures that have been in place since Grover Cleveland was president," granting it "even though the Justice Department did not take an official position as required."
Ninety-five senators condemned Clinton's action, voting in a resolution that "the president's offer of clemency to the FALN terrorists violates long-standing tenets of United States counterterrorism policy, and the release of terrorists is an affront to the rule of law, the victims and their families, and every American who believes that violent acts must be punished to the fullest extent of the law."
A joint congressional resolution declared that "making concessions to terrorists is deplorable," and that "President Clinton should not have granted amnesty to the FALN terrorists."
Hillary Clinton changed her position, but not two of her colleagues-to-be. Sen. Daniel Akaka (D-Hawaii) and the late Sen. Paul Wellstone (D-Minn.) were the minority of two standing on the far left with the amnesty. 
San Salvador, June 1 -- Nearly two decades after the end of a U.S.-backed war against El Salvador's rebels, a representative of the former guerrilla movement took power on Monday -- with a top American official applauding.
Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton attended the inauguration dressed in bright red, the color of the Farabundo Marti Liberation Front. It was an image that would have been unthinkable in the 1980s, when the United States poured $6 billion into El Salvador to fight the rebel group backed by Cuba and the Soviet Union.
The FMLN laid down its arms in 1992 and joined the political system. But some U.S. lawmakers still worry about the party, fearing it could propel El Salvador into the orbit of anti-American countries such as Venezuela. Forty-five House Republicans wrote Clinton in March warning about "potential threats to our security interests" if the FMLN candidate, Mauricio Funes, won.
Clinton, however, told reporters here that she expects "a positive relationship" with Funes, who is considered by many Latin Americans to be a moderate. Her visit signaled the Obama administration's effort to reach out to a more assertive Latin America altered by a "pink tide" of socialist victories in recent years.
After meeting with Funes , Clinton told him: "The United States stands ready to assist you and your new government. This is a commitment President Obama and I share."
"The secretary wants to engage Funes, because we don't want him moving all the way to the left," said Rep. Elio Engel (D-N.Y.), chairman of the House Foreign Affairs subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere, who was with the U.S. delegation.
El Salvador has been one of the staunchest U.S. allies in Latin America, maintaining troops in Iraq until this year. Funes immediately signaled a departure from his predecessors, announcing the resumption of diplomatic ties with Cuba. Still, the new government is expected to maintain a strong relationship with the United States. El Salvador receives $4 billion a year from immigrants in Washington and other U.S. cities, and it sells half its exports to the U.S. market.
In his inaugural speech at an amphitheater packed with men in red ties and women in red jackets, Funes hailed his two political heroes: President Luis Inácio Lula da Silva of Brazil, a moderate leftist, and President Obama.
The men, he said, were "proof that progressive leaders, instead of being a threat, represent a new and secure road for their countries."
He also singled out Clinton, saying: "This woman honors America."
Some opponents of Funes had predicted he would cozy up to populist leaders in Venezuela and Nicaragua and introduce socialism. But the only revolution promised by the 49-year-old former broadcast journalist was one against corruption and poverty.
Cynthia Arnson, director of the Latin America program at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, said the FMLN has a democratic track record, holding many mayor's offices and congressional seats in recent years. "The FMLN has been part of the architecture of representative democracy in El Salvador. El Salvador's resemblance to other countries in Latin America governed by the populist left are quite minimal," she said.
Funes, however, will likely face pressure to shift further to the left from others in the FMLN, including his vice president, Salvador Sánchez Cerén, analysts said.
Funes's inauguration was deeply emotional for many Salvadorans who suffered through the 12-year civil war, which left 75,000 dead. "We fought the battle so we could have this change," said Cecilia Hermin Navarro, 68, a tiny woman in a red shirt who said she was tortured by police during the conflict.
"So many people died so this day could come," said Fernando Aguilar, a 28-year-old government employee. Clinton's presence, he said, "breaks the paradigm that the United States had in the past, that if the left wins, the U.S. closes the door."
Joseph Connor, an author and anti-terrorism advocate, spoke to The Daily Wire about how his father was murdered by a Puerto Rican terrorist group, and how former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton was directly involved in pardoning the terrorists.
"When Hillary Clinton was looking to run for senator of New York, she had no connection to New York at all. She was from Chicago to Arkansas," Connor said. "And she got approached by various pro-terrorist politicians."
These included Rep. Luis Gutierrez (D-IL), Rep. Nydia Velazquez (D-NY), and New York City councilman Jose Rivera, who gave Clinton "a packet on clemency" and requested that she "speak to the president and ask him to consider executive clemency" for the FALN. A couple of weeks later, clemency was granted to the terrorists and Clinton's Senate campaign expressed support for the move so long as the terrorists renounced violence.
"She was up to her ears in this," Connor said.
2000 WFP Convention
The New York Working Families Party 2000 Convention was held at the Desmond Hotel, March 26.
- Jim Duncan, WFP co-chair and statewide political director of the United Auto Workers
- Bertha Lewis, WFP co-chair and chair of New York ACORN
- Bob Master, WFP co-chair and statewide political director of the Communication Workers of America
- State Senator Eric Schneiderman
- Chris Silvera, Treasurer of Teamsters local 808
- Dennis Hughes, president New York Federation of Labor
- Jose Velazquez, Lithographers local 1 organizer
- Ed Vargas, director of the state council of UNITE
- Karen Scharff, executive director of Citizen Action New York
- Jim Hightower
- Maude Hurd, national chair of ACORN
- Bradley Erck, a rep. on the Niagara County legislature and UAW Local 686, legislative committee chair
- Larry Handley, President Amalgamated Transit Union
- Arthur Cheliotes, president of Communication Workers of America local 1180
- Hillary Clinton
Clinton and communists helped Kucinich
During Dennis Kucinich's 1996 Congressional run, there was considerable controversy over his ties to Communist Party USA member Rick Nagin. Writing in the Communist Party USA paper People's Weekly World Ohio Communist Party chairman, Rick Nagin, detailed the campaign which led to Kucinich's election to Congress:
- "The election of Dennis Kucinich in Ohio's 10th Congressional District was a ground-breaking event demonstrating the powerful political potential of a mass, grassroots coalition led by Labor.
- Trade unionists and seniors provided the largest numbers of some 5,000 volunteers but many others came from Hispanic, environmental, peace and other organizations.
- According to the campaign staff, the volunteers canvassed at least 600 of the district's 750 precincts, some as many as four times. They turned the western half of Cuyahoga County and especially the west side of Cleveland into a sea of 15,000 bright yellow yard signs reading "Light Up Congress! Elect Dennis Kucinich" -
Many organizations also issued their own literature and did their own mailings including the AFL-CIO's Labor '96, the UAW CAP Council, the Sierra Club, Peace Voter '96, gay rights and senior groups. The United Auto Workers and the Steelworkers did plantgate distributions. The Ohio Council of Senior Citizens distributed 12,000 pieces with the positions of Kucinich and his opponent, incumbent Martin Hoke, on senior issues to senior buildings, nutrition sites and bingo games.
- "The coalition embraced many political viewpoints: Democrats, independents, Greens, socialists, Communists, members of the Labor Party, even some disgruntled Republicans. Democratic Party figures, including First Lady Hillary Clinton, Congressmen Louis Stokes, Joseph Kennedy and Barney Frank visited Cleveland to help in the effort."
Take Back America Conferences
Hillary Clinton was on the list of 114 speakers (which included George Soros) at the 2004 Take Back America conference, which was organized by the Institute for Policy Studies, and Democratic Socialists of America dominated Campaign for America's Future.
She was back in 2006, 2007.
Admiration for Cesar Chavez
On April 1, 2008 Evelina Alarcon, Executive Director of Cesar E. Chavez National Holiday welcomed the backing for a Cesar Chavez national holiday from Presidential candidate Senator Barack Obama who issued a statement on Cesar Chavez’s birthday Monday, March 31, 2008. "We at Cesar E. Chavez National Holiday appreciate the backing of a national holiday for Cesar Chavez from presidential candidate Senator Barack Obama. That support is crucial because it takes the signature of a President to establish the holiday along with the Congress’s approval,” stated Evelina Alarcon. “It is also encouraging that Senator Hillary Clinton who is a great admirer of Cesar Chavez acknowledged him on his birthday. We hope that she too will soon state her support for a Cesar Chavez national holiday."
Alarcon’s remarks were part of a statement made at a press conference at our nation’s Capitol on April 1st called by Chair of the Hispanic Congressional Caucus Rep. Joe Baca (D-CA) in support of HR 76, a resolution he authored with 62 Co-Sponsors that encourages the establishment of a Cesar Chavez national holiday by the Congress
Less than a week after a Chinese Feng Yun rocket littered space with the remnants of their weather satellite, Hillary Clinton announced her intention to seek the Democrats' presidential nomination in 2008. She forgot to mention that when husband Bill was seeking the presidency, she ran with him, as an unofficial partner-president. "Two for the price of one!" was the slogan.
The Clinton administration and his Democratic Party accepted massive campaign contributions from Loral Space & Communications, Hughes Electronics and other firms. Between 1993 and 1996, the administration allowed the export of ballistic- missile technology to Beijing. In 1996, Bill Clinton personally approved the launch of four communications satellites on Chinese rockets.
Once Hillary captured her U.S. Senate seat, she received, in 2003, $10,000 from the New York state company, Corning Inc., which manufactures fiber optics. A month later, the senator announced legislation related to reducing diesel pollution that would benefit Corning with millions of federal dollars.
Corning increased its donations and, by 2004, Hillary was attempting to persuade the Chinese government to relax tariffs on Corning's products.
To get what she wanted, she involved the Chinese ambassador and President George W. Bush. As a result, Corning, a staunchly Republican company, held a fundraiser for her, resulting in thousands of dollars for her campaign.
As Hillary Clinton campaigns, she will expect the usual adulation from union members who have forgotten that from 1986 until 1992 "their Hillary" served on the board of the dreaded Wal-Mart, the union-busting behemoth that does more business with China than all but four countries in the world.
Then there is Hillary's good friend and relative-by-marriage, Sen. Barbara Boxer, whose husband Stewart is a board member of the China Ocean Shipping Organization. Barbara's colleague, Sen. Dianne Feinstein, is married to the owner of Newbridge Capital Corp., Richard C. Blum, who has made many millions in very lucrative deals with the Chinese government.
July 2010's visit to Vietnam by US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton will be a great opportunity to renew and expand the US government's response to addressing the legacy of Agent Orange, said a senior official from the Aspen Institute, a Washington DC-based non-profit organization.
At a news briefing on Agent Orange in Vietnam , which was held in Washington DC on July 15 by the Agent Orange in Vietnam Information Initiative, David Devlin-Foltz said that Clinton had been briefed on the declaration and plan of action for period 2010 to 2019 released by the US-Vietnam Dialogue Group.
The plan calls upon the US government and other countries, foundations and non- governmental organizations, to provide an estimated 300 million USD over 10 years to clean the dioxin-contaminated soil and restore damaged ecosystems, as well as expanding services to people with disabilities and their families that are linked to the dioxin.
Devlin-Foltz said he expected that the US officials will discuss the Agent Orange issue in private meetings with Vietnamese government officials.
He said he hoped that the Secretary of State would encourage more involvement from the US government to see a more dramatic response to the Agent Orange problem as the relationship between both countries is improving.
According to him, the Agent Orange issue has been an irritant to the country's relationship with Vietnam for many years, but the time has come to remedy this as it
He added that members of the US-Vietnam Dialogue Group know there are real opportunities to work to contain the spread of the dioxin; opportunities to stop the dioxin entering the local food chain; ways of restoring damaged agricultural land and ways of providing effective rehabilitation services to people with disabilities, regardless of the cost.
Also at the news briefing, Bob Edgar, a former congressman and currently head of the Common Cause organization in the US, said that he believed it was important to recognise that several senators, including Senator Tom Harkin, who was just in Vietnam last week, Senator Patrick Leahy and Senator Sheldon Whitehouse and others have stated that they recognise that wars do not end just when the last soldier leaves the battlefield.
Edgar said that this is not only an opportunity for the US to both work to expand its partnership with the Vietnamese government, but also to work to address issues relating to Agent Orange in Vietnam.
Support from Individuals
Hilda Solis & Dolores Huerta
In 2007 Hilda Solis, current Secretary of Labor, endorsed Sen. Clinton for president and signed on to co-chair of the Clinton campaign’s Environmental and Energy Task Force and co-chair of the National Hispanic Leadership Council.
Together Huerta and Solis campaigned for Clinton through California and Nevada on a tour themed "Juntos Con Hillary, Una Vida Mejor" (Together with Hillary, A Better Life).
Jose La Luz connection
Stanley Sheinbaum has many influential friends on the U.S. left.
Key political players such as Bill Clinton, Hillary Clinton, Jesse Jackson, Queen Noor of Jordan and former Sen. Gary Hart, have made the pilgrimage to his Westside salons in search of intellectual stimulation and money for their pet causes -- sometimes their own political campaigns.
"Sheinbaum keeps the New Deal torch alive in an age when it's not fashionable to do so," said former senator and presidential candidate Gary Hart, a longtime friend. "He's a voice of conscience."
For House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, Hillary Clinton is the woman she met 35 years ago (2016) , a young mother cradling her infant daughter at a dinner party at the home of Hollywood activist Stanley Sheinbaum.
“I was expecting to meet this formidable, firm woman,” she said in an interview. “When the door opened ... there was Hillary Clinton off to the side holding Chelsea in her arms. There she was as a mom.”
By 2008, Barack Obama was one of only a handful of candidates to get a personal contribution from George Soros. The others include Senate Minority Leader Tom Daschle (D-S.D.), Sens. Barbara Boxer (D-Calif.), Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-N.Y.), Bob Graham (D-Fla.), John Kerry (D-Mass.), Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.), U.S. Rep. Tom Lantos, and former Vermont governor Howard Dean.
Huma Abedin relationship
Support from Organizations
Council for a Livable World
The Council for a Livable World, founded in 1962 by long-time socialist activist and alleged Soviet agent, Leo Szilard, is a non-profit advocacy organization that seeks to "reduce the danger of nuclear weapons and increase national security", primarily through supporting progressive, congressional candidates who support their policies. The Council supported Hillary Rodham Clinton in her successful Senate run as candidate for New York.
Clinton has been supported by EMILY's List during her campaigning.
International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers
The 700,000-member International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers, one of the nation’s largest and most politically active trade unions, endorsed New York Democratic Senator Hillary Clinton for President. They also took the unusual step of endorsing a Republican candidate for the primaries, former Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee.
The OIC connection
The Istanbul Process
Help on Iranian visas
In October of 2002 Iranian American Political Action Committee met with Senator Chuck Schumer (D-NY), the then Chairmen of the Senate Judiciary Sub-committee on Immigration, to discuss the immediate impact of the implementation of the Section 306 of the Enhanced Border Security & Visa Enter Reform Act. Section 306 of the law contemplates a ban on the issuance of all non-immigrant visas to residents or nationals of the seven countries that appear on the Department of State's list of state sponsors of international terrorism - including Iran...IAPAC spoke to Senator Schumer about the unfairness and short sightedness of the legislation and presented to him specific recommendations drafted by the Iranian American Bar Association on how Section 306 should be interpreted. Senator Schumer agreed to hold and chair a meeting with the Department of Justice, the Department of State and the Central Intelligence Agency to discuss the regulations that will be applied regarding the implementation of Section 306.
IAPAC also requested the following Senators to attend the meeting - Sen. Barbara Boxer (D-CA), Sen. John Kerry (D-MA), Sen. John Edwards (D-NC), Sen. Thomas Carper (D-DE), Sen. Hillary Clinton (D-NY), Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison (R-TX), Sen. Joe Biden (D-DE), Sen. Bill Nelson (D-FL), Sen. Joe Lieberman (D-CT) and Sen. Richard Lugar (R-IN). All sent representatives to the meeting and were in agreement with our proposals. The first meeting was held in November of 2002 and the second meeting was held in March of 2003.
In addition, IAPAC asked for and received a press release from Senator Schumer regarding visa policy for non-immigrants. Senator Schumer summed up his concerns by stating that "we do not want our non-immigrant visa policy to impose an undue hardship on American citizens, including Iranian Americans, many of whom have made and continue to make outstanding contributions to the economic and social life of our country."
Kirsten Gillibrand had also picked up money from the Iran Lobby’s Hassan Nemazee. Namazee was Hillary Clinton’s national campaign finance director who had raised a fortune for both her and John Kerry before pleading guilty to a fraud scheme encompassing hundreds of millions of dollars. Nemazee had been an Iranian American Political Action Committee trustee and had helped set up the organization.
Bill Clinton had nominated Hassan Nemazee as the US ambassador to Argentina when he had only been a citizen for two years. A "spoilsport Senate" didn’t allow Clinton to make a member of the Iran Lobby into a US ambassador, but Nemazee remained a steady presence on the Democrat fundraising circuit.
Nemazee had donated to Gillibrand and had also kicked in money to help the Al Franken Recount Fund "scour all the cemeteries for freshly dead votes", as well as to Barbara Boxer, who also came out for the Iran nuke deal. Boxer had also received money more directly from IAPAC. 
Laphonza Butler Connection
- "Throughout her career, Butler is highly regarded as a strategist working to elect Democratic women candidates in political offices across California and nationally. A long-time supporter of Kamala Harris in her California runs, Butler was a key leader in Vice President Harris’s presidential campaign. She served as a senior advisor to Hillary Clinton’s presidential campaign in California during the primary and general elections. Most recently, Butler was a campaign operative behind the campaign to make the Los Angeles Board of Supervisors an all-women for the first time in its history with the election of Holly Mitchell."
How many days until 2016? #notdonemakinghistory — in Washington, District of Columbia.
After the meeting McAllister stated, “She was shocked to hear that my case is still going on, that it hasn’t been settled,” McAllister told the on Irish Voice newspaper.
“She remembered me from my speaking at a Brehon Law Society event in 2004. She was very surprised that I’m facing deportation.”
She is one of many US influential figures to call for justice in the McAllister case. Irish American organizations are increasingly angry over the enforced deportation of a good and decent man who has been a valued member of the Irish community for over two decades.
- https://www.newsweek.com/inner-circle-200104 The Inner Circle (Accessed on June 2y 2022)]
- Bernstein 2007, pp. 17–18.
- Brock 1996, p. 4. Her father was an outspoken Republican, while her mother kept quiet but was "basically a Democrat." See also Bernstein 2007, p. 16.
- [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/17388372/ns/politics-decision_08/t/reading-hillary-rodhams-hidden-thesis/#.UOaGNKw8r-E, NBC News, Reading Hillary Rodham's hidden thesis, By Bill Dedman Investigative reporter, 5/9/2007 11:20:39]
- [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/17388372/ns/politics-decision_08/t/reading-hillary-rodhams-hidden-thesis/#.UOaGNKw8r-E, NBC News, Reading Hillary Rodham's hidden thesis, By Bill Dedman Investigative reporter, 5/9/2007 11:20:39]
- [http://www.nysun.com/national/hillary-clintons-radical-summer/66933/, NY Sun, Hillary Clinton's Radical Summer A Season of Love and Leftists, By JOSH GERSTEIN, Staff Reporter of the Sun | November 26, 2007]
- [http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/23/us/politics/bernard-rapoport-liberal-donor-in-texas-dies-at-94.html, NY Times, Bernard Rapoport, Deep-Pocketed Texas Liberal, Dies at 94, By JOHN SCHWARTZ Published: April 22, 2012
- AIM Report August 11, 2003 HILLARY CLINTON'S BIGGEST COVER-UPS
- AIM Report August 11, 2003 HILLARY CLINTON'S BIGGEST COVER-UPS
- Dem. Left, Jan./Feb. 1994, page 2
- PPW, March 13, 1993, page 1
- [FOR THE RECORD * - When Congressmen Support Terrorism -* The Enemies Within * Insight On The News ^ | 22 Jan, 2003 | J. Michael Waller]
- WaPo, Representative of Former Rebel Group Sworn In as President of El Salvador By Mary Beth Sheridan Washington Post Staff Writer Tuesday, June 2, 2009
- The daily Wire, EXCLUSIVE: FALN Victim's Son Says Hillary Was A Key Figure In Pardoning The Terror Group
- Peoples Weekly World, April 22, 2000, pages 10,11,
- PWW November 23, 1996
- PWW 10th December 2005
- Our Future website: Take Back America 2004 Speakers (accessed on June 11, 2010)
- [Pittsburgh Tribune Review, China's American Enablers, Dateline DC, January 28, 2007]
- [BBC Worldwide Monitoring, July 18, 2010, Vietnam Agency rises Agent orange issues prior to visit]
- KeyWiki: Megan Hull: Donations, 2008
- http://www.latimes.com/politics/la-na-pol-women-clinton-congress-20160728-snap-story.html LA Times, These women got to Congress when their numbers were few. Here's what Clinton's historic nomination means to them Sarah D. Wire July 26, 2016]
- Unlike Kerry, Barack Obama Covets George Soros' Support, By Robert B. Bluey, July 7, 2008, Boston (CNSNews.com)
- CLW website: Meet Our Candidates
- KeyWiki: Planned Parenthood: Donations, 2008
- Nominations and appointments
- [IAPAC http://www.iranianamericanpac.org/iapac-discusses-visa-regulations-with-senator-schumer.aspxIAPAC Discusses Visa Regulations with Senator SchumerThursday, July 3, 2003]
- Frontpage magazine, Traitor Senators Took Money from Iran Lobby, Back Iran Nukes August 25, 2015 Daniel Greenfield
- American Political Action Committee,IAPAC Candidates, accessed January 29, 2017
- https://emilyslist.org/bios/entry/laphonza-butler Laphonza Butler (Accessed on July 7, 2022)]
- Desperate efforts to stop deportation of refugee Malachy McAllister from US Niall O'Dowd @niallodowd April 21,2016