- 1 Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists
- 2 Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace
- 3 Scientists' Appeal to Stop the Testing of Nuclear Bombs
- 4 National Committee to Abolish the House Un-American Activities Committee
- 5 1979 WILPF conference
- 6 Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign
- 7 Communist Party supporter
- 8 Meiklejohn Civil Liberties Institute
- 9 References
Dr. Linus Pauling
Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists
The Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists was formed in 1946 with the primary purpose of raising money for the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, the Federation of American Scientists and other public-education activities of the atomic scientists.
The following were members of the Committee:
- Albert Einstein - president
- Harrison Brown - executive vice-president
- Hans Bethe
- Linus Pauling
- Harold Urey
- Victor Weisskopf
Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace
Linus Pauling was a sponsor of the Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace which ran from March 25 - 27, 1949 in New York City. It was arranged by a Communist Party USA front organization known as the National Council of the Arts, Sciences, and Professions. The conference was a follow-up to a similar gathering, the strongly anti-America, pro-Soviet World Congress of Intellectuals which was held in Poland, August 25 - 28, 1948.
Scientists' Appeal to Stop the Testing of Nuclear Bombs
On May 15, 1957 Dr. Pauling wrote and issued the now famous Scientists' Appeal to Stop the Testing of Nuclear Bombs, following a lecture at Washington University in St. Louis. In a week he had twenty-six signatures; ten days later two thousand American scientists had already signed it. Shortly thereafter, he and his wife sent out from their Pasadena home, helped by a voluntary task force some of whom were such Unitarians as Mary Clarke and Janet Stevenson, letters asking for signatures from scientists all over the world. Seventy-five hundred scientists sent their signatures, including thirty-seven Nobel Laureates.
Fulton Lewis, Jr. surmised in his syndicated column that some sinister organizations must have invested at least $100,000 in this vast achievement. Actually, Dr. Pauling noted in No More War, the cost was $600, and that from his own purse. On January 13, 1958, eight months after this first appeal, Linus and Ava Helen Pauling in person presented the petition to United Nations Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold in New York. By that day the total number of signatures was 11,021
National Committee to Abolish the House Un-American Activities Committee
As of May 1964, Linus Pauling Nobel Laureate: Chemistry Peace, was listed as a sponsor of the Communist Party USA front, National Committee to Abolish the House Un-American Activities Committee.
1979 WILPF conference
A proud achievement for Santa Cruz activiist Lucy Haessler was organizing the 1979 national WILPF Biennial Conference at UCSC. Lucy Haessler invited Linus Pauling to be the main speaker. Ava Pauling also attended. Rep. Leon Panetta was keynote speaker and Randall Forsberg, founder of the nuclear Freeze movement, was also part of the program. This successful event elevated Santa Cruz WILPF permanently into the orbit of outstanding WILPF conferences.
Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign
Circa early 1980s, Linus Pauling was an endorser of a US-Soviet Nuclear Weapons Freeze petition circulated by the Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign, National Clearinghouse, based in St. Louis, Missouri.
Communist Party supporter
The House Un-american Activities Committee wrote in its own record that;
- "Doctor Linus Pauling is primarily engrossed in placing his scientific attainments in the service of a host of organizations which have in common the deep subservience to the communist party of United States of America..."
Meiklejohn Civil Liberties Institute
- Linus Pauling (1901-1994)
- Frank Newman (1918-1996)
- Rev. Daniel Buford, President, Community Activist
- Walter Riley, Treasurer, Human Rights Attorney
- Victoria Sawicki, Secretary, Union & Environmental Activist
- Seth Chazin, Trial Attorney
- Ann Fagan Ginger, Founder and Executive Director emeritus
- Hon. Claudia Morcom, Wayne County Circuit Court, ret.
- Lucy Rodriguez, Immigration Attorney
- Josephine Weinberg, Attorney
- Scott Blake, Community Activist
- Deborah Peterson Small, Executive Director of Break the Chains
- Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists Harrison Brown 1917 - 1986, March 1987 by John Holdren
- Review of the Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace by the Committee on Un-American Activities, U.S. House of Representatives, Washington, D.C., April 19, 1949
- FOUNDING MEMBER of WILPF: LUCY'S ENDURING LEGACY, By Ruth Hunter
- [ http://wilpf.got.net/PDFs/Dove_June_10.pdf Undaunted Dove, Dove History In Junes excerpted by Sandy Silver, Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom Santa Cruz Branch, June 2010]
- Civil Liberties Institute, about us page, accessed Jan.10. 2012