Michael Gold of California
Sacco and Vanzetti
Dorothy Parker's attraction to political activism can be traced to two events. In August 1927, Parker and other Algonquinites marched in Boston to protest the execution of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, two Italian Americans who were arrested, convicted, and executed for robbery and murder. Protests during the seven years of litigation focused on their ignorance of American ways and their avowed anarchism, which may have prevented a fair trial. Sacco was accused of the killing, and Vanzetti was tried as his accomplice.
On the day of the execution, Parker and Edna St. Vincent Millay went to Boston to plead a stay of execution from the governor. Other sympathetic groups marched with placards outside the statehouse where the governor's council was meeting. It is thought that most of the marchers were members of the Communist Party, including Michael Gold, editor of New Masses, and Sender Garlin of the Daily Worker. It is believed that this was Parker's first direct contact with members of the Communist Party.
The police arrived and arrested many of the marchers, including Parker and John Dos Passos. She was fined five dollars for loitering and later told reporters that she had been "treated roughly" by police. After a reprieve, Sacco and Vanzetti were executed on August 3. .
Herbert Aptheker Testimonial Dinner
On April 28, 1966 Michael Gold was a sponsor of the Herbert Aptheker Testimonial Dinner. The dinner was held on the occasion of Herbert Aptheker's 50th birthday, the publication of his 20th book, and the 2nd anniversary of the American Institute for Marxist Studies. It was held in the Sutton Ballroom, The New York Hilton, Avenue of the Americas, 53rd to 54th Street, New York City. Most speakers, organizers and sponsors were known members or supporters of the Communist Party USA.
The Daily Worker
- Dorothy Parker and the politics of McCarthyism, Theatre History Studies 01-JAN-06
- Dinner Program for the Herbert Aptheke Dinner, April 28, 1966
- History of the Daily Worker on Spartacus