Communist Party USA (Marxist-Leninist)

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Communist Party USA (Marxist-Leninist), founded in 1977 from the October League was a pro-China communist party.

Klonsky ledership


In late 1969, Klonsky founded the October League, a a pro-Mao communist organisation which in 1977 became the Communist Party USA (Marxist-Leninist) (CP-ML). Klonsky chaired the CP-ML which was recognised by the Chinese Communist Party as their U.S. fraternal party. Klonsky made several trips to China beginning in July 1977 (with Eileen Klehr), where he was feted by Communist Chinese officials

The October League was the result of a fusion in May 1972 of Mike Klonsky’s Los Angeles October League and the Georgia Communist League headed by Lynn Wells. Both of these local collectives originated in the RYM-II section of 1969 SDS. Wells was a leader of the Southern Student Organizing Committee.[1]



The Call published the accounts by Daniel Burstein (led by Mike Klonsky) of their trip to Pol Pot's Cambodia aka Democratic Kampuchea in 1978.

In April 1978, a group of four Americans from the Communist Party USA (Marxist-Leninist) visited Cambodia, declaring themselves the "first Americans to visit Cambodia since April 1975." The group included Robert Brown, Mike Klonsky, David Klein and the editor of the communist The Call magazine Daniel Burstein.

This group of Americans met with Iang Sary and toured the country for eight days, including Phnom Penh city and Siem Reap, Kampong Thom, Kampong Cham and Takeo provinces. Afterward, they departed with a very favorable impression of Democratic Kampuchea and the 'accomplishments' of the Khmer Rouge regime. Burstein was so impressed that he wrote an op-ed piece for the New York Times entitled "On Cambodia: But, Yet," published November 21, 1978, declaring the stories of Khmer Rouge horrors and genocide that were littering the US press at the time to be slanderous lies.

CPUSA (ML) 5th Plenum

In early May, 1980, the 5th Plenum of the First Central Committee of the Communist Party USA (Marxist-Leninist) was convened. The main attention of the Plenum was focused on a detailed and scientific discussion of the history, tenets and motion of the Carter Doctrine and on the relative position of U.S. imperialism in the world today. Among the other points discussed was the Party’s continuing campaign Defeat the ’Left’ in order to Fight Right Deviations from Marxism-Leninism. This has taken place in the wake of the expulsion of the ’left’ liquidationist faction led by Albert Thrasher of Birmingham and Malcolm Suber of New Orleans.[2]




  1. Encyclopedia of Anti-Revisionism On-Line Workers Vanguard New Left Maoism: Long March to Peaceful Coexistence The October League First Published: Workers Vanguard No. 32, November 9, 1973]
  2. [Report from the 5th Plenum of the Central Committee of the Communist Party U.S.A. (Marxist-Leninist) First Published: Unite!, Vol. 6, No. 9, May 15, 1980]