St. Clair Drake

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St. Clair Drake

Divestment from South Africa

Three Stanford Rhodes Scholars announced May 29, 1986, that they will turn their efforts next fall toward urging the Rhodes Trust to divest from South Africa related companies. Graduate student William Handley and seniors Michael McFaul and Susan Rice held a noon press conference to answer questions about the "Free South Africa Fund," an alternate repository for those who want to donate to Stanford but disagree with University investment policy. The three students, along with senior Laurie Edelstein, initiated work on the fund.

But the discussion at the conference turned to their commitment to urging the Rhodes Trust to divest. "When we meet other scholars in October, we will try to gain support for those efforts," McFaul said. Handley said they could face great difficulty because the British Parliament is partially responsible for administering the Rhodes Trust. "There are a lot of political considerations," he said. "Getting Rhodes scholarships didn't immediately sensitize us to this issue. We have been concerned about this for a long time," he said, arguing that "it's ridiculous to say that by accepting the scholarships we are being hypocritical." The three opened their remarks by urging donors who oppose Stanford's investments in South Africa related companies to deposit money in the "Free South Africa Fund" rather than giving directly to the University. The scholars announced its establishment to coincide with Stanford's Centennial fund-raising campaign.

Rice said, "As Stanford students we are especially outraged that the institution from which we benefit buttresses the apartheid regime."[1]

From a letter to the Stanford Daily 30 May 1986:

In the spring of next year, when independent, non-profit status has been attained, the fund will be transferred to a legal trust overseen by a board including the following people: Keith Archuleta, Office of Residential Education; St. Clair Drake, professor emeritus of anthropology; Laurie Edelstein, class of '86: James Lowell Gibbs, Jr.. professor of anthropology; William Gould, professor of law; Ronald Rebholz, professor of English; and ourselves.

We hope that there will be significant change both at Stanford and in South Africa long before 1996. The sooner such change comes, the more gladly and generously many of us will give to Stanford in its second century.

William Handley Senior, English and political science Michael McFaul Senior, international relations Susan Rice Senior, history.[2]

"Justice and Hope"

Steven Phillips wrote Justice and Hope: Past Reflections and Future Visions of the Stanford Black Student Union 1967-1989, in 1990.

Writing Justice and Hope has been a humbling and daunting exercise. Many, many people helped, and this is indeed a collective work. I am grateful to the many Black faculty and staff members who provided valuable advice, support and direction: James L. Gibbs, St. Clair Drake, Kennell Jackson, Clayborne Carson, Keith Archuleta, Michael Jackson, Michael Britt, Dandre Desandies, Hank Organ, and Rachel Bagby.
I also made extensive use of the Stanford Libraries. At the various stages of production, a whole host of peeple contributed. I hope I don't leave anybody out, but here goes. My thanks go out to the following people: Lisa Fitts, Audrey Jawando, Bacardi Jackson, and Drew Dixon helped give shape to Justice and Hope when it was still a vague and unformed idea. Toni Long demonstrated for me the true power of PageMaker. David Porter clarified important facts and provided historical information. Frederick Sparks helped with fundraising and monitoring the budget. Lyzette Settle added critical comments and an extremely thorough and detailed revision of the text. Danzy Senna, Joy St. John, Stacey Leyton, Raoul Mowatt, Valerie Mih, Hillary Skillings, Judy Wu, Quynh Tran, and Cheryl Taylor meticulously proofread the final drafts. Elsa Tsutaoka gave advice on design, layout and cutting photos. MEChA loaned us its layout equipment The staff in the ASSU Business Office always cheerfully facilitated financial transactions and questions.[3]


  1. [The Stanford Daily, Volume 189, Issue 73, 30 May 1986 ]
  2. [The Stanford Daily, Volume 189, Issue 73, 30 May 1986 ]
  3. [1]