Mary McLeod Bethune

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Mary McLeod Bethune was president and founder of the prestigious predominantly African American Bethune Cookman College. Yvonne Scarlett-Golden, was one of her pupils. She was one of the top Negro supporters of dozens of Communist Party USA (CPUSA) fronts and causes starting at least in 1940 (SPCUA, Vol. 12, Feb/March/April, 1940, p. a 7211, among ten different SPCUA hearings and reports in which her name appeared - as found in the HCUA "Cumulative Index to Publications of the Committee on Un-American Activities, 1938-1954, August 1962. Her name appeared in one publication of HCUA for the period 1955-1968. She had her name appear in four Senate Internal Security Subcommittee (SISS) publications for the period from 1951-1971.

Southern Conference for Human Welfare

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The 1938 Southern Conference for Human Welfare meeting was a landmark political meeting held in Birmingham from Sunday November 20 to Wednesday November 23, 1938. It was organized by the Birmingham-based Southern Conference for Human Welfare.

Publicity for the meeting heralded that, "the Conference, by providing a meeting ground for all Southern progressives, will promote mutual trust and cooperation between them for greater service to the South.” Fisk University sociologist Charles S. Johnson reported that the 1,200-plus attendees were a "curiously mixed body which included labor leaders and economists, farmers and sharecroppers, industrialists and social executives, government officials and civic leaders, ministers and politicians, students and interested individuals.

Guests of honor included First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, U.S. Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black, and Governor Bibb Graves. Also among the attendees, a fourth of whom were African-American, were the Works Progress Administration's Aubrey W. Williams, educator Mary McLeod Bethune, Avondale Mills president Donald Comer, Methodist minister James Dombrowski, Senator Claude Pepper, and SCHW co-founder Virginia Durr.[1]

The Communist Party's role in creating and controlling the SCHW was published by the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HCUA) as "Report on Southern Conference for Human Welfare", Union Calendar N. 290, Report No. 592, 80th Congress, 1st Session, June 16, 1947, pp. 1-17. Identification of CPUSA members involved in SCHW appear in this publication, along with the names of key CPUSA sympathizers and front supporters. This organization was later denounced by Eleanor Roosevelt, Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, and her withdrawal from it helped to severally cripple it until the CPUSA formed a successor organization known as "[{Southern Cultural Educational Fund]] (SCEF) with many of the same leaders and the key CPUSA organizers in the South, Anne Braden and Carl Braden. See: "Subversive Involvement in the Origin, Leadership, and Activities of the New Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam and Its Predecessor Organizations", Staff Study, House Internal Security Committee (HISC), 91st Congress, 2nd Session, 1970, for information on CPUSA domination of SCEF, p. 5, 10, 14, 19, 23, 37, 44 and 62. SCEF was also heavily involved, with the Bradens as their representatives, in the cited CPUSA front, the "National Committee to Abolish HUAC" (NCAHUAC), later changed to "National Committee to Abolish HUAC/HISC" (NCAHUAC/HISC), name changed, March 1969.

Southern Conference Educational Fund

Southern Conference Educational Fund board members included;

American Youth for Democracy

In the late 1940s, American Youth for Democracy was the youth wing of Communist Party USA.

In 1944 Mary McLeod Bethune was a national sponsor of American Youth for Democracy.[3]


  1. BHAwiki, 938 Southern Conference for Human Welfare meeting
  2. [Reform, Red Scare, and Ruin: Virginia Durr, Prophet of the New South By James Smallwood page 93]
  3. Spotlight, April, 1944