Mary Kaufman

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Mary Kaufman

Mary Metlay Kaufman (November 9, 1912 - 1995) is a New York activist and the husband of Frederick Kaufman.

Personal Life

In 1940, Mary Kaufman married Frederick Kaufman. However she and her husband were separated in 1946 and eventually divorced in 1952.[1]

National Lawyers Guild

Kaufman was one of the original members of the National Lawyers Guild which was founded in 1937. She was active on both anational level and in the New York City Chapter into the 1970s.[2]

Nuremburg War Trials

From 1947 to 1948, Kaufman served on the prosecution team of the U.S. Military Tribunal in Nuremburg, Germany, in the case against the international chemical cartel, I.G. Farben (United States v. Krauch).[3]

Works Progress Administration

From 1933 - 1937, Kaufman worked for the Remedial Reading Program of the Works Progress Administration while she studied for her law degree, attending night classes at St. John's University Law School. After being admitted to the New York bar in 1937, she continued her organizing work with WPA legal projects and was involved in the Lawyers' Security League, an organization of lawyers working with the WPA.[4]

Herbert Aptheker Testimonial Dinner

On April 28, 1966 Mary Kaufman was a sponsor of the Herbert Aptheker Testimonial Dinner. The dinner was held on the occasion of Herbert Aptheker's 50th birthday, the publication of his 20th book, and the 2nd anniversary of the American Institute for Marxist Studies. It was held in the Sutton Ballroom, The New York Hilton, Avenue of the Americas, 53rd to 54th Street, New York City. Most speakers, organizers and sponsors were known members or supporters of the Communist Party USA.[5]

Communist Party reformer

In 1991 Mary Kaufman, New York, was one of several hundred Communist Party USA members to sign the a paper "An initiative to Unite and Renew the Party"-most signatories left the Party after the December 1991 conference to found Committees of Correspondence.[6]