Screen Writers Guild
In 1933, Dorothy Parker, Lillian Hellman, and Dashiell Hammett became chief organizers of the first trade union of Hollywood screenwriters, the Screen Writers Guild. By April 1936, after several setbacks, the guild called upon the House Patents Committee for legislation to strengthen the rights of authors to decide how their material was to be used. The studios insisted that writers were artists and therefore ineligible to unionize. Then, in June 1938, the National Labor Relations Board ruled that screenwriters qualified as workers under the Wagner Act. An election was held to choose union representation, and the Screen Writers Guild won over the more conservative Screen Playwrights.
Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace
Lillian Hellman was a sponsor of the Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace which ran from March 25 - 27, 1949 in New York City. It was arranged by a Communist Party USA front organization known as the National Council of the Arts, Sciences, and Professions. The conference was a follow-up to a similar gathering, the strongly anti-America, pro-Soviet World Congress of Intellectuals which was held in Poland, August 25 - 28, 1948.
- Dorothy Parker and the politics of McCarthyism, Theatre History Studies 01-JAN-06
- Review of the Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace by the Committee on Un-American Activities, U.S. House of Representatives, Washington, D.C., April 19, 1949