Carole Collier, moved to Alabama in the early 1930s. In her youth, she met Hosea Hudson, the African American steelworker and Communist who became her mentor. Hudson recounted those years of struggle in his memoir Black Worker in the Deep South (International Publishers). Hudson recruited her to the Young Communist League and the Communist Party USA. Those were the years of the Great Depression and she threw herself into the struggles of the unemployed and the union organizing drives of the CIO. She campaigned against lynchings as well as against the rising menace of Hitler fascism.