Hone Harawira

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Hone Harawira


Hone Harawira is a New Zealand Member of Parliament.

Background

Born in Whangarei and raised in West Auckland, Hone Harawira attended St Stephens School and Auckland University, but learn't most of his skills in the work force and the ranks of the Maori Protest Movement.

Hone Harawira says he draws his inspiration from people like Muhammad Ali, Syd Jackson, Nelson Mandela, Maori Marsden, his mum and his wife.

His goal is to help Maori people achieve their tino rangatiratanga.

Maori "rights"

Harawira has had a long involvement in the fight for Maori "rights":

  • Member of Nga Tamatoa who led the fight for Reo Maori in schools;
  • Stood with Ngati Whatua during their occupation of Bastion Point;
  • Leader and spokesperson of the Waitangi Action Committee, who laid the foundation for legislative recognition of Treaty rights;
  • Leader of He Taua, the group which ended years of student racism at Auckland University;
  • Leader of the Patu Squad which opposed the Springbok Tour;
  • Organiser of the Kotahitanga hikoi from Turangawaewae to Waitangi;
  • Founding member of the Kawariki, the Far North group responsible for maintaining pressure on the government to recognise Maori rights;
  • Leader of the Foreshore & Seabed Hikoi, the the country's largest ever demonstration, Maoridom's greatest expression of unity to stop racist legislation, and the event which launched the Maori Party.

Employment

Over the last 20 years, Hone Harawira has held the following jobs:

  • Manager Aupouri Ngati Kahu Te Rarawa Trust;
  • Manager Aupouri Maori Trust Board;
  • Manager Te Reo Irirangi O Te Hiku O Te Ika;
  • CEO Tehiku Media.

"Strong hand"

Harawira has also had a strong hand in guiding other organisations:

  • Founder Hui Whakataetae;
  • Founder Te Reo Irirangi O Te Hiku O Te Ika;
  • Founder Far North Iwi Working Group;
  • Initiator Kotahitanga Tribal Forum;
  • Author Te Hauora O Te Hiku O Te Ika Trust Deed;
  • Writer Te Reo O Te Kawariki Media Series;
  • Director Te Wananga Ta Moko;
  • Chairman Te Wananga Reo O Te Tai Tokerau;
  • Chairman Aniwaniwa Kokiri;
  • Chairman Aniwaniwa Kohanga Reo;
  • Chairman Te Kura Kaupapa Maori O Te Rangi Aniwaniwa;
  • Chairman Te Wharekura O Te Rangi Aniwaniwa;
  • Chairman Te Wananga O Te Rangi Aniwaniwa;
  • Chairman Te Puna Wai;

Nga Tamatoa

In the 70s, as a 6th former at St Stephens, Harawira went to Nga Tamatoa meetings with his mother.

Philippines

In 1979 Hone Harawira Went to the Philippines where he "met revolutionary struggle."[1]

"Haka Party" incident

1979 July 27, it was reported in SAL's SA at a court appearance charged with participating in a riot (trying to end an Auckland University Engineering "Haka party"). Charges were dropped.

Boycott Waitangi Day

1980 Jan 21, Harawira spoke at meeting at Te Puke O Tura Community Hall to boycott Waitangi Day. He spoke with Syd Jackson and Mat Rata.[2]

Waitangi Action Committee

In 1981 Harawira was a member of the Waitangi Action Committee, one of 5 committee members jailed, in Whangarei, after 1981 Waitangi day activities-called themselves Nga Kuri Otu (Dogs of War). [3]

1981 Dec 4, J. McLauchlan interviewed Harawira in Socialist Action, member of Waitangi Action Committee arrested at Waitangi Feb 6.

1982 Feb 8, Harawira was charged with assaulting a policeman during tour riots, given 5 days gaol for contempt of court. [4].

Maori Peoples Liberation Movement of Aoteoroa

Harawira wrote an article in Amandla April/Jun 1981 on Maori & Polynesian Groups against the Tour-signed on behalf of Maori Peoples Liberation Movement of Aoteoroa.

Socialist Action League connections

1982 June 4, Harawira wrote article for Socialist Action called "Unemployed for the Army?" (p12).

1982 Aug 27, interviewed in Socialist Action (p12) by Terry Coggan. Harawira was 1 of 28 facing charges from tour riots Auck Sep 5 & 12 81. 61 charges of rioting, unlawful assembly, riotous destruction, assault on police & injury with intent to cause GBH were laid.

1984 Jan 27, Waitangi activists Paul Barcham and Hone Harawira were interviewed in SA by J Murdoch (p6-7).

"Maori Peoples struggle in the Pacific"

1982 November, Harawira was speaker on "Maori Peoples struggle in the Pacific" at a hui organized by PPANAC, one of its aims: "to recognize Pacific people have a common struggle, we have a common threat of white death". [5]

ISC conference

In 1983, three speakers on racism at ISC conference in Auckland were Hinegaro Davis, Hone Harawira, Ngaire Poe. [6]

Te Hui Oranga

In 1984 Harawira was a member of Te Hui Oranga Planning Collective. Representing the Maori Peoples Liberation Movement of Aoteoroa.

Harawira was acknowledged for help with Te Hui Oranga, along with Hone Pihema, for program input.

"Barbaric, savage and destructive"

1987 Feb, represented Pacific Concerns Resource Centre at a Physicians for Social Responsibility International Conference in Moscow. He spoke about the indigenous Pacific view of the nuclear threat. Anti-nuclear racist - "In terms of resource monopoly, economic slavery and potential for death, European civilisation is more barbaric, savage and destructive than any other since the beginning of time. . . and at this time I wish to recognise the Soviet people for hosting this conference . . . Our fight for a better world will only be won . . . when the white man comes home." [7]

Human rights conference

On 25.5.89 Harawira on list of prospective delegates to closed "Human Rights" conference held at Parliament Buildings Representing Te Kawariki (maybe replaced by Mere Solomon).

Kia Whaka-taara

1990 Spokesman for protest group Kia Whaka-taara. Stated his goal was a Maori Parliament with control over New Zealand.[8]

Te Kawariki

95 Leader of Waitangi protest group Te Kawariki SW No 1

Mana Maori Movement

In 1996 harawira was No 4 on Mana Maori Movement Party List.

Hikoi

In 2004, Harawira was an organiser of the Maori Hikoi on theforeshore and seabed. He wrote an article on it in for Left Forum [9]

"Viva Cuba!"

The Maori Party noted the temporary handover of power in Cuba following Fidel Castro's emergency hospitalisation, and expressed concern for the security of the Cuban government during this period of uncertainty.

"Castro has earned a formidable reputation as the world's longest-ruling head of government, ever since the Cuban revolution of 1959," said Hone Harawira, Maori Party Disarmament spokesperson, "and he won and holds his power in the face of continued efforts to unseat him, by the United States of America."

"I have a real fear that the US will try to destabilise Cuba during this time, in the same way they have undermined many other left-wing governments in Central and South America over the years," said Harawira.

"The move to leftist and indigenous governments in Latin America, with the election of people such as Evo Morales in Bolivia, Victor Chavez in Venezuela, and the close run of Lopez Orbrador in Mexico, will not have escaped the attention of the United States," said Mr Harawira.

"This period of uncertainty in Cuba could well be seen by them as an opportunity to claw back lost ground”.

"Furthermore, armed invasions by the USA to impose 'freedom and democracy', in Grenada and in Nicaragua in the 1980s, and the Middle East over the last few years, suggests that such a possibility exists in Cuba right now," said Mr Harawira.

"History tells us how the United States works," said Mr Harawira, "and the Maori Party urges the New Zealand government to send a strong message to the United States of America, that we would not support any illegal invasion of Cuba." [10]

"A short history of Maori struggle"

Hone Harawira gave a talk to the Asia Pacific Solidarity Conference, in Sydney at Easter 1998.

"A short history of Maori struggle"

The Maori population was about 1 million when the Europeans came. We had a stable society with our own social controls, our own conservation methods, our own rules of behaviour towards one another.
When Pakehas (white people) came, they brought crime and diseases which almost wiped us out. The population dropped to 40,000 between 1800 and 1900. More died from disease than the big wars we had with the Pakehas. The population is now around 500,000-600,000.
Many Maoris went to cities and got a European-style education. Out of that migration grew the urban Maori radicals. This radicalisation happened internationally — it was part of the 1960s movement.[11]
The grandparent of the last 25 years of Maori activism was a group called the Young Warriors. We were well educated, knew about the law and about Pakeha protest methods. We knew about the Black Panther movement and the American Indians. Our first big protest was at Waitangi about the treaty.

Kulin rights

In July 2007 an Australian Aboriginal Rights campaign partially run by a former Hamilton anarchist and Green Party Parliamentary staffer Rayna FaheyLink title sought international support for “Kulin” land claims.

Australian signatories of “Stop the Genocide on Stolen Aboriginal Land Kulin Nations July 14th Full Endorsement List included;

Freedom Socialist Party, Indigenous Social Justice Association – Melbourne, Ongoing G20 Arrestees Solidarity Network, Radical Women, Resistance, Socialist Alliance, Socialist Alternative, International Socialist Organisation, Socialist Party, Communist Party of Australia, Maritime Union of Australia, Indigenous Social Justice Association — Sydney, Anarchist Media Institute.

New Zealand endorsers included;

Te Ata Tino Toa, Conscious Collaborations, Solidarity Union , Socialist Worker (Aotearoa), Wellington Wildcat Anarchist Collective, Aocafe, Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand, Radical Youth (Auckland), Citizens Against Privatisation (Auckland) Hone Harawira, Maori Party MP Te Tai, Tokerau and Metiria Turei List MP Green Party Aotearoa/NZ

Rayna Fahey was later a strong supporter of the “Urewera 17”- the alliance of pakeha anarchists and Maori radicals arrested in October 2007 for allegedly participating in “quasi-military” training camps in the Bay of Plenty back blocks.

Maori Party

Harawira played a major role in building the Maori Party: - In May 2004 he ran the Hikoi which launched the Maori Party; - In June he ran the tour which set up the first 4 branches in Tai Tokerau; - In July he helped write the Constitution for the Maori Party; - In September 2004 he was nominated for the Tai Tokerau seat by the Te Hiku Branch, which now numbers more than 1000 members; - In February 2005 he was confirmed as the Tai Tokerau candidate.

US Embassy letter/Cuban 5

On 6 April 2009 US Embassy in Wellington refused to accept a hand delivered letter from MPs, City Councillors, trade unionists, church leaders,academics and other New Zealanders calling on the US Government not to oppose the petition to the US Supreme Court for the release of the Cuban 5.

An attempt to deliver the letter was made by Wellington City Councillor, Ray Ahipene-Mercer and Secretary of the Weliington Cuba Friendship Society Gillian Magee but US Embassy Guards said they would not accept a hand delivered letter.[12]

Dear Attorney General Holder
We, the undersigned New Zealanders are writing this letter to you on the eve of the US Government submitting a brief in response to the 30 January 09 petition to the Supreme Court and the twelve separate amicus curiae briefs that were filed in the US Supreme Court on 6 March 2009 regarding the unjust incarceration of five Cuban citizens - Gerardo Hernández Nordelo, René González Sehweret, Ramón Labañino Salazar, Antonio Guerrero Rodríguez and Fernando González Llort - known as the Cuban 5.
We urge the United States Government to acknowledge that a complete miscarriage of justice has taken place regarding the Cuban 5 and to support, rather than oppose, a review of the conviction by the Supreme Court. We urge you to immediately release the Cuban 5.

Signatories included; Hone Harawira MP Te Tai Tokerau Electorate New Zealand House of Representatives.

Inviting Cubam Ambassador to Waitangi

In February 2013, invited by Mr. Hone Harawira, parliamentarian, Leader of the Mana Party, the Ambassador of Cuba, Maria del Carmen Herrera Caseiro, held a lively exchange with Maori students in the village of Waitangi, a historical place where 173 years ago it was signed the Treaty of Waitangi.

The Cuban diplomat elaborated on the struggle for the independence of Cuba until the final triumph of the Cuban Revolution in 1959 and abounded in the major achievements and accomplishments of the people of Cuba since that time.

She explained the policy of hostility and aggression launched by the U.S. government against Cuba since then with the view to destroy the Revolution, in particular the imposition of the unjust blockade for over 50 years and the chain of terrorist actions against Cuba. In that context, she extended in the situation of the Cuban Five, denouncing the double standards of the policy applied by the U.S. in its so-called "war against terrorism".

For his part, Mr. Harawira motivated students by talking about the Leader of the Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro, and the heroic guerrilla fighter, Ernesto Che Guevara.

As a memory of this fruitful exchange on such a symbolic day for New Zealand in this historic place, the Ambassador of Cuba donated a Cuban flag to the school that was delivered in conjunction with the MANA leader to the students, who in return presented the party flags to the Cuban representative. [13]

Cuba Parliamentary Friendship Group

In October 2013 MANA was hosted for dinner by the Cuban Ambassador, María del Carmen Herrera Caseiro, and her husband Manuel. Hone Harawira and the Ambassador are both very keen to establish a Cuba Parliamentary Friendship Group to assist in building a productive working relationship between our countries, and particularly on mutual areas of interest such as trade, education, and sustainability. Once established, a sister group will also be established in the Cuban parliament.[14]

Mana Party launch

At the launch of the Mana Party, in 2011, on the stage with Hone Harawira to express their solidarity and support were some of the most well-known names from the left, union, Maori rights and social justice movements. They included Annette Sykes (Ngati Pikiao, lawyer and activist), Matt McCarten (general secretary of Unite Union), John Minto (leader of the anti-apartheid movement in the 1980s and spokesperson for Global Peace and Justice Auckland), Sue Bradford (unemployed workers rights leader in the 1980s and 1990s and former Green Party MP), Syd Keepa (Maori vice-president of the Council of Trade Unions), Nandor Tanczos (former Green MP), Margaret Mutu (Ngāti Kahu’s chief negotiator, the chairperson of Te Rūnanga-a-Iwi o Ngāti Kahu and the professor of Māori Studies at Auckland University). Most groups that describe themselves as socialist, such as Socialist Aotearoa, the Workers Party, Socialist Worker and the International Socialist Organisation, have also generally greeted the emergence of this new party positively.[15]

References

  1. [Broadsheet, July '82]
  2. [SA, Feb 1 '80]
  3. [Trib 9.2.81]
  4. Feb 11 [SA 19 Feb 82 p3]
  5. [Peacelink Feb 83 pp5-6]
  6. Salient 11, 1983]
  7. [Peacelink Sept 1987]
  8. [NZ Herald, 20 Jan]
  9. SWMR May 04
  10. 2 August 2006
  11. GLW No 326 , July 29, 1998
  12. SCOOP, US Embassy Refuses Letter From MPs. Crs. Unionists Tuesday, 7 April 2009, 9:36 am Press Release: NZ Committee to Free the Cuban Five
  13. CUBAN AMBASSADOR SHARES WITH MAORI STUDENTS IN WAITANGI, Cuba Diplomatic
  14. [ http://mana.net.nz/2013/10/mana-in-parliament-october-2013/, MANA in Parliament, October 2013.Posted on October 30, 2013]
  15. LINKS, Aotearoa/New Zealand: A new working-class, pro-Maori political voice.May 11, 2011