Danny K. Davis
- 1 Early life/education
- 2 Early career
- 3 Politics/activism
- 4 Committees/Caucuses
- 5 "Community organizer"
- 6 Supporting Timuel Black
- 7 Committee in Support of Southern Africa
- 8 Harold Washington campaign committee
- 9 New Mayor and New Politics
- 10 "SURVIVALFEST 84"
- 11 Line of March connections
- 12 Communist Party connections
- 13 PWW banquets
- 13.1 1989 Chicago PWW banquet
- 13.2 1990 Chicago PWW banquet
- 13.3 People's World 1997 dinner
- 13.4 1998 Chicago PWW banquet
- 13.5 2000 Chicago PWW banquet
- 13.6 2011 Chicago PWW banquet
- 13.7 Sponsored Communist Party "Jobs Bill"
- 13.8 Less military spending
- 13.9 Communist funeral
- 13.10 Celebrating African American History Month
- 14 Chicago mayoralty run
- 15 Progressive Chicago
- 16 "African Americans and the 1996 Elections."
- 17 Congressional Progressive Caucus
- 18 Congressional Black Caucus
- 19 Support for Alice Palmer
- 20 CCDBR Bicentennial Celebration
- 21 Democratic Socialists of America
- 22 The New Party
- 23 Committees of Correspondence connection
- 24 Citizen Action of Illinois
- 25 Progressive Challenge
- 26 Immigrant "rights" rally
- 27 Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights
- 28 2002 ACORN convention
- 29 HR 3000
- 30 Attended Event Honoring Rev. Sun Myung Moon
- 31 Crossroads Fund
- 32 Free Mumia Abu-Jamal
- 33 Peace Pledge Coalition
- 34 "Trade Act of 2008"
- 35 "Progressives" on "Ways & Means" committee
- 36 Coalition to Save Community Banking
- 37 Rainbow PUSH Coalition
- 38 Committee to Stop FBI Repression delegation
- 39 Clinton/Pinochet letter
- 40 2006 letter to Condoleezza Rice on Colombia
- 41 2009 letter on Colombia
- 42 Black Caucus jobs campaign
- 43 Supporting Occupy Chicago
- 44 White House Initiative on Educational Excellence
- 45 Leading with Love
- 46 Immigration rally arrest
- 47 PDA contact
- 48 Lifting travel ban on Cuba
- 49 Congressional Letter for Neutrality, 2014 Salvadoran Elections
- 50 JStreet endorsement
- 51 Congressmen to Cuba
- 52 Chicago CBTU conference
- 53 IARA meeting
- 54 ARA endorsement, 2014
- 55 Praising CAIR
- 56 Endorsed CAIR, 2016
- 57 HANA Center connection
- 58 "Green New Deal"
- 59 Staff
- 60 External links
- 61 References
Danny K. Davis was born a sharecropper's son on September 6, 1941, in Parkdale, Arkansas. He attended Savage High School in Parkdale, where he graduated in 1957. A history major with an education minor, Davis earned a B.A. from Arkansas A.M.& N. College at Pine Bluff, Arkansas in 1961.
Moving to Chicago, Davis clerked for the United States Post Office before going to work as a teacher at Ferdinand Magellan School in 1962. Davis received an M.S. in school guidance from Chicago State University in 1968 while continuing his education in 1969 and 1970 with courses in administration, supervision, psychology, and political science. In 1977, he was awarded the Ph.D. in public administration by Union Institute.
After graduation, Davis was a public school teacher, health planner and founder of the Westside Center for Community Action. He was later chair of the National Association of Community Health Centers and later co-chair of the Progressive Chicago Area Network.
During the 1960s, Davis, became involved in the Civil Rights Movement. In 1966, when Martin Luther King, Jr. came to Chicago to campaign against discriminatory housing codes, Davis "walked and worked with him, and was inspired by his message".
Davis also became active in politics on Chicago's west side. In 1969, he became executive director of the Greater Lawndale Conservation Commission, and then left to become director of training for the Martin Luther King, Jr. Health Center.
By 1971, Davis was a manpower consultant for the Westside Health Planning Organization and in 1972, became executive director of WHPO. From 1976 through 1981, he served as special assistant to the president of Mile Square Community Health Center. Davis also taught college courses at Malcolm X College, National College of Education, Illinois Benedictine College, Roosevelt University and the University of Illinois School of Public Health.
In 1979, Davis won the Aldermanic seat for Chicago's 29th Ward as an independent. He then became 29th Ward Committeeman in 1984. Active during Chicago's Harold Washington years, Davis served until 1990 when he resigned from the Chicago City Council to take a seat on the Cook County Board of Commissioners. After an unsuccessful bid for mayor in 1991, he ran for and won the U.S. 7th Congressional District seat in 1996.
In the 113th Congress, Representative Davis serves on Committee on Ways and Means. His subcommittee assignments are: Oversight and Human Resources.
Congressman Davis is a member of several Congressional Caucuses including the, the Urban Caucus, the Community Health Center’s Caucus and the Congressional Sugar Caucus.Danny K. Davis, “Committees,” House.gov, http://davis.house.gov/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=20&Itemid=40 (accessed April 11, 2013)
Writing in the Huffington Post of September 8, 2008, in an article entitled "From Organizer To Elected Official" Democratic Socialists of America member Peter Dreier listed several serving US politicians who had begun their careers as "community organizers". They were US Senator Barbara Mikulski of Maryland, Representatives John Lewis of Georgia, Jan Schakowsky and Danny Davis of Illinois, Raul Grijalva of Arizona, Linda Sanchez of California, and Donna Edwards of Maryland, Washington House of Representatives Speaker Frank Chopp, Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa, New York City Council Speaker Christine C. Quinn, Minnesota Secretary of State Mark Ritchie, state legislators Beth Low of Missouri, Michael Foley of Ohio, Gilbert Cedillo of California, Tom Hucker of Maryland, Tony Hill of Florida, and Crystal Peoples of New York, Alameda County (California) Supervisor Nate Miley, City Council members Jay Westbrook of Cleveland, Chuck Turner and Sam Yoon of Boston, and Melvin Carter of St. Paul, and San Francisco School Board member Jane Kim. 
Supporting Timuel Black
The "Citizen's Committee" included "former" communist Charles Hayes, radical journalist Don Rose, socialist Chicago Alderman Leon Despres, future Democratic Socialists of America members Saul Mendelson (a former Trotskyist), Danny Davis and Milt Cohen (another former communist).
Committee in Support of Southern Africa
Committee in Support of Southern Africa was an anti-Apartheid group active in Chicago in the early 1980s.
Members of the committee iincluded: Charles Hayes, Rep. Carol Moseley Braun, Coalition of Black Trade Unionists, Bob Simpson, Frank Rosen, Congressman Harold Washington, Harold Rogers, Rep. Monica Stewart, Jim Wright, Alderman Danny Davis, Alice Peurala, Lu Palmer, Milt Cohen, Timuel Black.
Harold Washington campaign committee
In 1983, Danny Davis served on the Harold Washington Campaign Steering Committee.
New Mayor and New Politics
On May 17 1983 Danny Davis was a Panelist on A New Mayor and New Politics forum at Chicago State University Auditorium.
- The election of Harold Washington as Mayor of Chicago was more than one man's victory. It was a progressive people's declaration. The Black community and progressive Latinos and whites formed an unbetable force in a campaign for justice and equality.
Panelist were Paul Booth, Juanita Bratcher, David Canter, Slim Coleman, Danny Davis, Keith Davis, Ron Davis, Ishmael Flory, Rev Harry Gibson, Nancy Jefferson, Richard Newhouse, Lu Palmer, Art Vasquez, Conrad Worrill sponsored by Black Press Institute and Independent Citizens Alliance.
SURVIVAL FEST 84 was held August 5 1984 in MacArthur Park.
"Come To Hear And Strategize With Those Changing The 1980's"
- How can we support each other in electing progressive local candidates?
- How can we make electoral work serve the grassroots movements for a freeze, for U.S. out of Central America and human needs?
- How can we over turn the racist dual primary system in the South?
- Is working inside and outside the Democratic Party a viable strategy and how can it be done?
- How can we formulate demands to revitalize our basic industries without falling into the pitfall of the chauvinist anti-import solution -- letting U.S. finance capital off the hook?
This event was organized by the Communist Workers Party front, the Coalition for a People's Convention. The event was advertised in a half-page notice in the Marxist weekly Guardian, their Book Supplement - Summer 1984, p. 12, and the Communist Workers Party and Federation For Progress were listed as participants.
Line of March connections
Frontline Anniversary events
In 1988 Line of March celebrated the 4th Anniversay of their newspaper Frontline with a series of events around the country. Boston dinner speakers were Gus Newport and Ann Schwartz, Washington DC speakers were Irwin Silber and Hilda Mason. In Chicago it was Danny Davis and Fran Beal.
Communist Party connections
Danny Davis was also on good terms with the Communist Party USA.
New Agenda conference
1989 Chicago PWW banquet
Chicago alderman Danny Davis was keynote speaker at June 25th, 1989 Peoples Daily World banquet.
1990 Chicago PWW banquet
According to the Peoples Daily World of July 28 1990, Chicago alderman Danny K Davis attended the 1990 banquet on July 15th.
Davis applauded those at the banquet, who, he said, are always in the midst of struggle. PDW readers, he said, are "steadfast in the fight for justice".
The affair netted $2,500 for the PDW fund.
People's World 1997 dinner
Bobby Rush was the guest speaker at the Chicago Communist Party USA's annual People's Weekly World fundraising banquet, September 20, 1997, which raised $6,000 to support the communist newspaper. 1997. Rep. Rush urged support for the Martinez Jobs Bill (HR-950), then before Congress. His sentiments were echoed by Congressman Danny Davis.
1998 Chicago PWW banquet
According to the Peoples Weekly World October 3 1998, Congressman Danny K. Davis interrupted his campaign work for United States Senate candidate Carol Moseley Braun to present an award at the 1998 Chicago Peoples Weekly World banquet. Davis praised the work of Communist Party USA member Harry Gaynor's "active role in tearing city's segregated walls and working for peace". .
This event raised $10,000 towards keeping the Communist Party paper afloat.
2000 Chicago PWW banquet
The 2000 banquet, held October 28 at the House of Fortune restaurant featured Congressman Danny Davis as guest speaker.
Local honorees were;
- Jarvis Williams, president SEIU local 46, and vice president Chicago AFL-CIO
- Alice Bush, director District 1199, SEIU Local and leader of last summer's strike against Methodist Hospital in Gary Indiana.
- Bea Lumpkin, author of "Always bring a crowd"
- Jesus Garcia, former member of the Illinois State Legislature and presently director of the Little Village Community Development Center.
2011 Chicago PWW banquet
Labor and community activists, elected officials, readers and supporters of the PeoplesWorld.org and MundoPopular.org gathered in Chicago Nov. 20th, 2011, for the annual banquet bash at the Parthenon Restaurant. They feasted on sumptuous Greek food and honored heroes of the growing labor and people's movement.
"Something's terribly wrong when 1% of the population controls 40% of the nation's wealth," said Congressman Danny Davis, D-Ill., who appeared on behalf of his longtime friend Brenetta Howell Barrett.
Barrett was one of those receiving the Rudy Lozano-Chris Hani Social Justice award.
Davis said it was the steadfastness of fighters like Barrett, who had been in every fight he could recount, that the movement for justice and equality would be successful.
Barrett, who among other things is a leader of Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights, a former commissioner in Mayor Harold Washington's administration and trailblazing fighter for political independence, said it was critical to reelect Pres. Barack Obama in 2012 and blasted the racist attacks on him.
"Everyone needs to be involved in that fight if we are to have any meaningful change," said Barrett, who it was noted was a master of combining street heat with political and electoral action.
Sponsored Communist Party "Jobs Bill"
H.R. 950, the Job Creation and Infrastructure Restoration Act of 1997 was introduced in the 105th Congress on March 5, 1997 by Congressman Matthew Martinez of California. It had 33 original co-sponsors, including Danny Davis. The primary purpose of this emergency federal jobs legislation was to provide much needed jobs at union wages to crisis ridden cities by putting the unemployed to work rebuilding our nation's infrastructure (schools, housing, hospitals, libraries, public transportation, highways, parks, environmental improvements, etc. $250 billion is authorized for emergency public works jobs over a five year period.
Congressman Martinez had previously introduced this bill in the last Congress (as HR 1591) at the the request of over 50 prominent Labor leaders who formed the Los Angeles Labor Coalition for Public Works Jobs, which is why it is often referred to as the "Martinez Public Works Jobs Bill."
- This is the most significant jobs legislation introduced in Congress since Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal established the Works Progress Administration (WPA). This bill is the WPA-type program for today. It has strong provisions which will put hundreds of thousands of unemployed building trades workers to work as well as provide jobs for victims of plant closures, welfare recipients who are parents, youth, and the long term unemployed. The public works projects which will be established under this bill will be built in communities with the highest levels of unemployment and with the greatest needs.
- The goal of the New York Coalition for Public Works Jobs is to build the movement to pass the Martinez Jobs bill as part of the National Labor Coalition for Public Works Jobs. You can help by asking your union, community organization, or local government body to to join those who have already passed resolutions to endorse the bill. Such a resolution has been introduced in the New York City Council. Calling on additional Congressional Representatives to co-sponsor the bill is very important. We will be organizing petition campaigns, visits to elected officials, and demonstrations and other actions for a public works jobs program.
Los Angeles , National Labor Coalition For Public Works Jobs
Less military spending
In 1997 Danny Davis of Illinois, at the request of the National Labor-Community Coalition for Public Works Jobs, wrote a letter to his colleagues in Congress, asking them to address the real issues and solutions related to the economy, starting with the Martinez Jobs Bill. "The debate over the size of the military budget has not been fully aired, has not been conducted with the same vigor and intensity as the scrutiny over other discretionary spending....military experts have earmarked savings of over $200 million over the next ten years, while continuing to maintain our military supremacy".
On April 24, 2011, Congressmembers Jan Schakowsky and Danny Davis, addressed the funeral service of Communist Party USA member Frank Lumpkin, whose ashes were interred next to the famous Haymarket Memorial in nearby Forest Home Cemetery. Among those who paid tribute to Lumpkin's lifelong work were congresspeople, state legislators, the governor of Illinois Pat Quinn, union and community leaders.
Celebrating African American History Month
On February 26 2012, U.S. Representative Danny K. Davis attended a Celebrating African American History Month 2012, cultural performance at the Communist Party USA's Unity Center, 3339 S. Halsted St. Chicago.
Chicago mayoralty run
Because of his long involvement in "progressive" politics, Davis' campaign included groups such as Women for Davis, Labor for Davis, Clergy for Davis, Youth for Davis and committees representing Greeks, Koreans and Hispanics.
Labor for Davis was co-chaired by Frank Rosen, general vice president of the United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers, and Johnnie Jackson, president of the Chicago chapter of the Coalition of Labor Union Women.
Davis' campaign committee was headed by Louanner Peters, who previously worked for Independent Voters of Illinois-Independent Precinct Organization and 1977 Independent mayoralty candidate William Singer. Peters was on leave from her position as chief of staff in the Washington office of Rep. Gus Savage.
- Ron Sable
- Dwayne Harris, 21st Century Vote
- David Orr Cook County Clerk
- Ernestine Whiting, ACORN
- Madeline Talbott, ACORN
- Bessie Cannon, President SEIU Local 880
- Keith Kelleher, Head organizer SEIU Local 880
- Joe Gardner Commissioner, Metropolitan Water Reclamation District
- Lou Pardo, (Northwest Voter Registration Project)
- Rene David Luna, (ADAPT)
- Dick Simpson
- Danny K. Davis
- Carol Harwell, United Voter Registration League
- Barack Obama
- Ron Davis
- Carl Davidson, Networking for Democracy
- Philip Jahn, Teamsters Local 743
"African Americans and the 1996 Elections."
In conjunction with the Chicago Chapter of the Committees of Correspondence, the University of Chicago Democratic Socialists of America hosted a panel discussion on "African Americans and the 1996 Elections." Panelists included Danny Davis, Cook County Commissioner and Democratic Party nominee for Illinois' 7th Congressional District, Barbara Ransby, Chair of the Center for African American Research at DePaul University, and Salim Muwakkil, columnist (for In These Times and the Chicago Sun-Times. Long-time political activist Timuel Black moderated.
Congressional Progressive Caucus
Congressional Black Caucus
Support for Alice Palmer
Davis was an early supporter of Alice Palmer in her bid for U.S. Congress.
CCDBR Bicentennial Celebration
Democratic Socialists of America
Democratic Alternatives conference
On October 31 1987 Chicago Democratic Socialists of America, hosted the Illinois Democratic Alternatives conference.
In 1988, then Chicago Alderman Danny K. Davis was Co-chair with Greg Kinczewski of PROCAN (Progressive Chicago Area Network), an organization top heavy with Democratic Socialists of America members.
1989 Debs Dinner
In 1989 Danny Davis gave the opening address to Chicago Democratic Socialists of America's annual Debs Dinner.
In 1990 Chicago DSA endorsed Danny Davis for the Chicago mayoralty.
In Chicago DSA's New Ground, Danny Davis was described only as...
- ...certainly not foreign to Chicago DSA. From the very beginning, he has always been willing to help: appearing as a speaker with Michael Harrington, serving as a Master of Ceremonies without peer at the annual Debs - Thomas - Harrington Dinner.
...not as the full fledged DSA member he actually was.
- "Ron Dellums (who recently retired from Congress) is a Vice Chair of DSA, and Danny Davis, John Conyers, and Major Owens are all DSA Members."
When Danny Davis ran for Congress in 1998, Democratic Socialists of America did not officially endorse any candidates but he was "recommended" as worthy of a vote by Chicago DSA-citing his membership of the Congressional Progressive Caucus and his support for Progressive Challenge.
- Danny Davis, U.S. House of Representatives, 7th District
- Danny Davis is a member of the Progressive Caucus, an old friend of DSA and a member of the New Party. If that's not enough, you can...
Davis was still a DSA member at least as late as his 2006 Congressional race according to DSA's Democratic Left Summer 2006.
- DSA has also endorsed DSAer and Congressmember Danny Davis in his bid for re-election in Chicago.
In 2006 Danny K. Davis, received $50 from the Democratic Socialists of America Political Action Committee for his campaign as Democrats candidate for the the Illinois seat in the U.S. Congress Primary.
DSA "Globalization From Below" conference
Invited speakers were Profirio Munoz-Ledo, PRD-Mexico; Audrey MacLaughlin, New Democratic Party-Canada; Rev. Jesse Jackson; Dolores Huerta, United Farm Workers; Clare Short, Secretary of State for Overseas Development, UK; Rep. Luis Gutierrez; Rep. Danny Davis; Jose LaLuz, AFSCME, Karen Nussbaum, AFL-CIO; Stanley Gacek, AFL-CIO; Stephen Yokich, United Auto Workers; Enrique Herandez, Han Young/ Hyudai plant organizer, Tijuana.
HR 109 endorser
The New Party
New Party News Spring 1996 page 1, celebrated the Davis’ Congressional victory and went on to say;
- "New Party members won three other primaries this Spring in Chicago: Barack Obama (State Senate), Michael Chandler (Democratic Party Committee) and Patricia Martin (Cook County Judiciary)..."these victories prove that small 'd' democracy can work' said Obama".
Danny Davis was still a New Party member in late 1997.
Committees of Correspondence connection
- "Over 500 delegates and observers (including 140 from Chicago) attended the founding convention of the Committees of Correspondence (CoC) held here in Chicago in July.
New Ground reported that speakers…included Charles Nqukula, General Secretary of the South African Communist Party, Dulce Maria Pereira, a senatorial candidate of the Workers Party of Brazil, Angela Davis of CoC, Andre Brie of the Party of Democratic Socialism of Germany (a revamp of the old East German Communist Party). Guests during the Convention included Cook County Commissioner Danny Davis, Chicago Aldermen Helen Shiller and Rick Munoz, a representative of the Green Left Weekly of Australia and a "representative of the Cuban Interest Section."
Coc contacts list
Supporting Bobby Rush's mayoralty tilt
In 1998 Bobby Rush was busy preparing for a tilt at the Chicago mayoralty.
At his campaign launch, Rush was introduced by Reps Danny Davis, Jesse Jackson, Jr., Mexican-American activist and Committees of Correspondence affiliate Emma Lozano, as well as by anti police brutality activist Rev. Jaul Jakes.
Citizen Action of Illinois
- On the evening of Monday, April 21, the Progressive Challenge came to Chicago. Starting off with a town hall style meeting that brought together about 150 people in the UNITE hall at 333 S. Ashland in Chicago, the meeting was structured to present testimony from representative of various local organizations to local Congressional members of the Progressive Caucus.
- DSA was particularly well represented by the testimony of the Youth Section's International Secretary, Daraka Larimore-Hall. Daraka Larimore-Hall gave an impassioned, coherent presentation that linked the various aspects of DSA's agenda with the project at hand.
- Congressmen Jesse Jackson, Jr., Luis Gutierrez and Danny Davis attended the meeting...
- The Progressive Challenge is an effort to link the Congressional Progressive Caucus with the larger left grass roots network of single issue, constituent, labor and ideological organizations. The Institute for Policy Studies is very much the keystone organization of this project, which has brought together some 40 organizations including DSA, Americans for Democratic Action, United Electrical Workers, NETWORK, National Jobs for All Coalition to name a few. No one of these groups is a major player inside the Beltway, but together they have captured the attention of the Progressive Caucus and contributed to its growth.
Immigrant "rights" rally
Some 8,000 working people joined the March and Rally for a New Amnesty in chicago September 23. 2000. "Si se puede" was the chant of the day at the rally for the millions of immigrant workers in the United States. Janitors, home health care workers, garment workers, and meat packers were among those at the action.
The confidence, unity, and working-class composition evident at the march were reflected in the banners and signs throughout the demonstration: "It's Time For Amnesty!" "Living Wage For All Workers," "Union Organizing Is A Human Right!" and "Amnesty Means Workers' Rights."
The demonstration was sponsored by the Grassroots Collaborative, the Illinois Coalition for Immigrant and Refugee Rights, Service Employees International Union (SEIU) Local 880, ACORN, American Friends Service Committee, Chicago Coalition for the Homeless, the Interfaith Leadership Project, and others. 
Rep. Jan Schakowsky told the crowd "i support complete amnesty , total restoral of benefits....and an end to employer sanctions. Danny Davis' message echoed these themes.
Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights
Congressman Davis has a close relationship to the the Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights - founded in 1960 as a Communist Party USA front, but now also heavily influenced by members and supporters of Democratic Socialists of America and Committees of Correspondence for Democracy and Socialism.
Richard Criley Memorial
In 2000, Danny K. Davis served as Honorary Chairperson on the welcoming committee for the Chicago Memorial Service for Richard Criley, a long-time activist with the Communist Party USA and a leader of the Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights.
Honoring Frank Wilkinson
Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights organized a "Celebration of the The Dynamic Life of Frank Wilkinson (1914-2006)" on Sunday October 29, 2006. Wilkinson had been a leader of the Communist Party USA, the New American Movement and Democratic Socialists of America.
Honoring Committee members included Danny K. Davis.
Evening with Sister Helen Prejean
The event was endorsed by: Timuel Black, Jane Bohman, Locke Bowman, Thomas Breen, Rep. Danny Davis, Tony Fitzpatrick, Aviva Futorian, Bernard Harcourt, Jeffrey Howard, Rabbi Peter S. Knobel, Elizabeth Kooy, Peter Kuttner (IATSE Local 600), Barbara Lannan and John Lannan, Haki Madhubuti, Martin Marty, Lisel Mueller, Sara Paretsky, Father Arturo Perez, Mary Powers, Dick Simpson, Elizabeth Solomon, Thomas Sullivan, Studs Terkel, Scott Turow, Standish E. Willis ; All Saints' Episcopal Church, Campaign to End the Death Penalty, Black Radical Congress, Center on Wrongful Convictions, 8th Day Center for Justice, Illinois Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty, The Lannan Foundation, the MacArthur Justice Center, Midwest Center for Justice, Murder Victims Families for Human Rights and the National Alliance Against Racist and Political Repression.
2002 ACORN convention
Rep. Danny Davis (D-Ill.) brought some 2,000 delegates attending the national convention of the Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now to their feet with a ringing call for “the people’s agenda.”
Standing before a banner bearing the convention theme “Justice Now, Justice Always,” Davis drew cheers as he ticked off a list of demands of the people’s movement: livable wage, affordable prescription drugs and health care, higher minimum wage, public education, equal opportunity and affirmative action.
Voted against cutting funding for ACORN
In September 2009, following the lead of their Senate colleagues, the House of Representatives voted overwhelmingly to cut off funds to ACORN. the vote was 345-75. All of the 75 were Democrats, and included Danny K. Davis. 
On September 3, 2003 Congresswoman Barbara Lee (D-CA) introduced H.R. 3000, the United States Universal Health Service Act, which would provide health coverage for all Americans. H.R. 3000 would establish a United States Health Service (USHS), which would eliminate profit issues from health care because it would be owned and controlled by the public and administered primarily at the local level.
According to the Communist Party USA's People's World, initial supporters of HR 3000 were Julia Carson, (D-Ind.), Donna Christensen (D-Va.), John Conyers (D-Mich.), Elijah Cummings (D-Md.), Danny Davis (D-Ill.), Jesse Jackson, Jr. (D-Ill.), Dennis Kucinich (D-Ohio), Major Owens (D-N.Y.), Donald Payne (D-N.J.), and Lynn Woolsey (D-Calif.).
The World went on to say;
- We will not win the United States Health Service without a massive, prolonged struggle by working people against the corporate defenders of the current for-profit health care industry.
Attended Event Honoring Rev. Sun Myung Moon
On March 23, 2004, a congressional reception was held in the Dirksen Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C., honoring Korean-born businessman and religious leader, the Rev. Sun Myung Moon. Moon, 85, has been controversial for years. Renowned for officiating at mass weddings, he received an 18-month prison sentence in 1982 for tax fraud and conspiracy to obstruct justice. In a 1997 sermon, he likened homosexuals to "dirty dung-eating dogs." Democrats Sen. Mark Dayton of Minnesota, Rep. Danny K. Davis of Illinois, Rep. Sanford D. Bishop, Jr. of Georgia; and Republicans Rep. Roscoe G. Bartlett of Maryland, Rep. Christopher B. Cannon of Utah, and Rep. Curt Weldon of Pennsylvania – received "Ambassadors for Peace" awards at the ceremony. There were reportedly 81 members of Congress total at the event.
In 2007, Danny K. Davis was an honorary host for the 25th Anniversary of the Crossroads Fund. The fund, founded in 1981 supports community organizations working on "issues of social and economic justice" in the Chicago area.
Free Mumia Abu-Jamal
Peace Pledge Coalition
In 2007 90 Members of Congress, pledged in an open letter delivered to President Bush: "We will only support appropriating funds for U.S. military operations in Iraq during Fiscal Year 2008 and beyond for the protection and safe redeployment of all our troops out of Iraq before you leave office." The letter was initiated by the Peace Pledge Coalition. The Coalition was led by Tim Carpenter, Progressive Democrats of America, Bob Fertik, Democrats.com Medea Benjamin, CodePink, Bill Fletcher, co-founder of Center for Labor Renewal David Swanson, AfterDowningStreet.org, Democrats.com, Progressive Democrats of America, Kevin Zeese, Voters for Peace, Democracy Rising, Brad Friedman, co-founder of Velvet Revolution, Bill Moyer, Backbone Campaign.
"Trade Act of 2008"
The "Trade Act of 2008" (HR 6180) was introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives by Representative Mike Michaud of Maine in early June.
It has gathered 63 cosponsors, including Illinois Representatives Danny Davis, Phil Hare, Jesse Jackson, Jr., Daniel Lipinski, Jan Schakowsky. In the Senate, the legislation (S 3083) was introduced by Senator Sherrod Brown of Ohio and gathered 4 cosponsors.
"Progressives" on "Ways & Means" committee
In 2008, the U.S. Congress' most powerful committee, "Ways & Means" was heavily influenced by members of the Congressional Progressive Caucus including Chairman Charles Rangel, Pete Stark, John Lewis, Xavier Becerra and Jim McDermott.
Coalition to Save Community Banking
The Coalition to Save Community Banking is a group of several dozen metro Chicago organizations and individuals, including Chicago Democratic Socialists of America member Peg Strobel, that came together after the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) seized the assets of a local community bank, Park National Bank (PNB) with two branches in Oak Park, Illinois, on October 30, 2009. PNB and eight sister banks (including several in California) were all owned by First Bank of Oak Park, Inc. (FBOP), which the FDIC then sold to US Bancorp, also known as US Bank. This seizure happened in the afternoon; that same morning, the Treasury Department awarded FBOP/PNB Initiatives (an affiliate of PNB) $50 million in federal "New Market Tax Credit" allocations to continue PNB's long-standing investment in under-resourced and minority communities. 
Accomplishments of the organization included;
- Rep. Luis Gutierrez (chair of the House Subcommittee on Financial Institutions and Consumer Credit) held a Congressional hearing January 21 on the issue of FPOB/PNB and community banks. We sent more than 60 people to Washington.
- We gained the support of Rep. Danny Davis; Rep. Bobby Rush; State Sen. Don Harmon; David Pope, President of the Village Board, Oak Park; and State Rep. LaShawn Ford.
- Sponsored by Sen. Don Harmon, Senate Joint Resolution 81 has passed the Illinois Senate and moves to the Illinois House, where it is cosponsored by Karen Yarbrough, Angelo Saviano, Deborah L. Graham, LaShawn Ford, and Marlow H. Colvin. The resolution "urges the United States House of Representatives Financial Services Committee and the United States Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs to continue hearings to investigate the FDIC's seizure of Park National Bank."
- December 16, 2009, the Chicago City Council joined with our coalition in demanding a Congressional hearing to investigate the seizure and sale of First Bank of Oak Park/Park National Bank and the repercussions for other community banks reinvesting in our communities. As reported by the Chicago Sun-Times, Chicago aldermen condemned as "absurd, bordering on criminal" the federal government's decision to seize Park National Bank."
- Within a month of the seizure, community groups that comprise the Coalition delivered petitions with over 1,000 signatures to the D.C. office of Rep. Luis Gutierrez.
Rainbow PUSH Coalition
The Rainbow PUSH Coalition & Citizenship Education Fund held its 42nd Annual International Convention "A More Perfect Union: 150 Years Later Beyond Freedom – Reconstruction" July 6 - 10, 2013 Chicago Hilton & Towers. The Saturday morning Forum key issues we face today: access to health care, achieving high quality public education for all students, home and church foreclosures, urban violence, unemployment, economic recovery, and more, was moderated by Professor Charles Ogletree, Harvard University School of Law.
Panelists were: Rep. Marcia Fudge, Chair, Congressional Black Caucus, Michelle Alexander, Attorney and Author of “The New Jim Crow”, Barbara Arnwine, Attorney & Executive Director, Lawyers' Committee For Civil Rights Under Law, David Slane, Attorney, Robert Borosage, Founder & President, Campaign for America's Future, Cliff Kelly, Talk Show Host, WVON Radio, Chicago, Willie Gary, Attorney, Jonathan Jackson, Rainbow PUSH Coalition National Spokesman, Fred Gray, Civil Rights Attorney, Danny Davis, Congressman, Bobby Rush, Congressman.
Committee to Stop FBI Repression delegation
In mid November 2010, a delegation from the Committee to Stop FBI Repression ( returned home from several days of bringing the "issue of the FBI raids and grand jury subpoenas of people doing international solidarity work and anti-war organizing to the U.S. Capitol". Three supporters of the Marxist-Leninist Freedom Road Socialist Organization/FightBack!, Deb Konechne of the Committee to Stop FBI Repression, Anh Pham, who is facing a reactivation of her subpoena and Joe Iosbaker, whose home was raided, spent two days meeting with U.S. Representatives on the issue. The delegation asked each Congressperson to sponsor a “Dear Colleague” letter condemning the raids and grand jury subpoenas. In the two days, the delegation met with either the Congressional Representative’s staff or the Representative themselves fro[[m the following 16 offices: Tammy Baldwin (WI), John Conyers (MI), Danny Davis (IL), Keith Ellison (MN), Raul Grijalva (AZ), Luis Gutierrez (IL), Mike Honda (CA), Jesse Jackson, Jr. (IL), Dennis Kucinich (OH), Barbara Lee (CA), Jim McDermott (WA), Jim McGovern (MA), Bobby Rush (IL), Linda Sanchez (CA), Jan Schakowsky (IL), Maxine Waters (CA). The "meetings were positive, with all the offices expressing genuine concern about the situation. In some cases, because of the outpouring of calls from around the country, the U.S. Representatives were aware that the delegation was in Washington D.C. and the offices made time on their schedules to meet with the delegation. This reinforces the continuing importance of the solidarity work taking place around the country."
Rep. Conyers (MI), chair of the Judiciary Committee, directed the Counsel of the Judiciary Committee to meet with the delegation. Also, Rep. Ellison (MN) and his Congressional staff met directly with the delegation for a significant amount of time. rep. Ellison sent a letter to U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder, expressing concern over the situation and is continuing to work on options to support his constituents affected. The delegation also received face-to-face meetings with Rep Gutierrez and Rep Davis from Chicago. Rep. Grijalva’s (AZ) office set up a meeting between the delegation and the Executive Director of the Congressional Progressive Caucus in the Congress of which rep. Grijalva is the chair. In addition, the office of Jan Schakowsky (IL) and Maxine Waters (CA) gave the delegation significant time and attention.
“It was clear that progressive Representatives of the Congress are very concerned about the FBI investigation. Overall, they were very thankful for our visit and for the information and analysis given to them The level of awareness about the raids and grand jury was varied, from little to full awareness, but the delegation certainly changed that. After the two days, our presence and purpose definitely created a stir in the halls of Congress. “The fact that we were able to interact with 16 legislative aides or Congress people themselves, during an extremely busy time of restructuring leadership in the Congress, exemplifies the attention this matter is receiving”, stated Joe Iosbaker.
On October 21, 1998, many Members of Congress wrote a letter to President Bill Clinton, urging him to release information to a Spanish judge investigating former Chilean President Pinochet for alleged crimes committed during and after the overthrow of the Marxist Allende government.
- Dear Mr. President:
- The October 17 arrest of General Augusto Pinochet in London is a good example of how the goals you outlined in your anti-terrorism speech at the United Nations can be put into practice. Indeed, when the rule oflaw is applied to combat international lawlessness,humanity's agenda gains...we call upon you to ensure that the U.S. government provides Spanish Judge Baltasar Garzon material related to Pinochet's role in international terrorism -- material and testimony that the U.S. government has thus far withheld.
Signatories included Rep. Danny Davis.
2006 letter to Condoleezza Rice on Colombia
Alleged Colombian Army killings prompted Fellowship of Reconciliation to work with Representative Sam Farr to forge a response that would impact the 17th Brigade, the unit allegedly responsible for the violence against San José de Apartadó and communities throughout northwestern Colombia.
- Letter to Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice
- (Deadline for Congressional representatives to sign: February 22)
- We applaud the decision, noted in your certification letter of August 2005, that the US "will not consider providing assistance to the 17th Brigade until all significant human rights allegations involving the unit have been credibly addressed." Because the Brigade is a component of the Colombian Armed Forces' command structure and has been implicated in the above referenced human rights violations, we implore you to abide by both the letter of the law and the spirit of the law by withholding human rights certification for Colombia until the following conditions are met:
2009 letter on Colombia
From November 6th through December 7th 2009, a letter calling for change in U.S. policy towards Colombia was circulated through the House of Representatives. This letter called for a decrease in U.S. aid for Colombia's military and an increase in support for human rights and humanitarian efforts. The initiators of this letter were —Representatives James McGovern, Jan Schakowsky, Donald Payne, and Mike Honda.
- Dear Secretary of State Clinton,
- The FY 2011 budget will contain the twelfth year of a major aid package to Colombia—an aid package originally slated to phase out after six years.
- After eleven years, it is time to scale down assistance for Colombia's military and more systematically "Colombianize" such programs, within both the State Department and Defense Department budgets.
Black Caucus jobs campaign
In mid 2011, "demands to address the country's jobs crisis are accelerating with the Congressional Black Caucus (CBC) joining a growing number of groups calling for federal action". The CBC resolved to hosting a For the People Jobs Initiative in several urban areas stricken by high unemployment.
- Chicago, IL (first stop) – Congressman Danny K. Davis Host
- South Florida (Miami) – Congressman Frederica Wilson, Host
- Detroit, MI – Congressman John Conyers and Hansen Clarke, Host
- Cleveland, OH – Congresswoman Marcia Fudge, Host
- Los Angeles, CA – Congresswoman Maxine Waters, Host
Supporting Occupy Chicago
Occupy Chicago held a protest Thursday night, October 20 2011, at Congress and Michigan. Before the protest, Congresswoman Jan Schakowsky and Congressman Danny Davis, along with labor and community organizers, held a town hall meeting with Occupy Chicago.
The Democratic lawmakers criticized subsidies for corporations that ship jobs overseas, and called for an end to tax breaks for the wealthiest Americans at the expense of education and social programs.
The group also planned to deliver a petition to the mayor's office to allow the group to stay and stop the arrests of protesters.
White House Initiative on Educational Excellence
The Rev. Al Sharpton, NAACP President Benjamin Jealous, United Negro College Fund President Michael Lomax and several other African-American leaders visited the White House August 2012 to watch President Obama sign an executive order creating an initiative aimed at improving educational achievement.
Obama's signature launched the White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for African Americans, which "aims to ensure that all African American students can receive an education that fully prepares them for high school graduation, college completion and productive careers," a White House official said Wednesday before the president announced the initiative in his speech to the National Urban League.
Leading with Love
Members of the Host Committee included Danny K. Davis.
Immigration rally arrest
A protest at the Chicago ICE office on Nov. 6, 2013, demanding an end to deportations and calling upon Republican leadership to quit blocking a vote on immigration reform in Congress.
Then in an act of civil disobedience, 150 leaders of faith, trade union and community activists and elected officials were arrested for blocking a street.
The protest follows similar civil disobedience actions in Washington D.C., where Illinois Reps. Luis Gutierrez and Jan Schakowsky were arrested, in Florida and in New York. Pressure is being ramped up on the GOP congressional leadership across the country to pass comprehensive immigration reform with a path to citizenship before the end of the current session.
According to Father Brendan Curran of St. Pius Church, over 2 million undocumented workers have been deported, the vast majority with no criminal record. They have left behind 3 million children.
"We are here to demand of President Obama: Stop deportations. Two million are too many!" said Curran. "Our families are sacred. Congressional gridlock is tearing apart our families and our communities are being destroyed."
"I want to ask Speaker John Boehner to give us a vote on a humane, comprehensive immigration bill," said Rep. Danny Davis, D-Ill., who was among those arrested. "I also want to ask my president, the Honorable Barack Obama, please stop these deportations of all these families who are being broken."
Lifting travel ban on Cuba
- Due to your action/emails/phone calls we have 59 signatures from House representatives urging President Obama to support travel to Cuba by granting general licenses for ALL current categories of travel.
- By eliminating the laborious license application process, especially for people-to-people groups, that is managed by the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), the majority of the bureaucratic red tape that holds up licensable travel to Cuba would disappear and actually facilitate what the President wanted to see in 2011, liberalized travel regulations.
Signatories included Rep. Danny Davis .
Congressional Letter for Neutrality, 2014 Salvadoran Elections
On Monday December 16, 2014 Reps. Juan Vargas (D-CA), Mike Honda (D-CA) and Mark Pocan (D-WI) sent a letter to Sec. of State John Kerry – signed by 51 Members of Congress – calling for a public statement of neutrality by the State Department before the first round of El Salvador’s presidential elections on February 2, 2014.
The letter, , highlighted several “important steps” that the current government has taken to “strengthen its democratic system and expand the right to vote to all citizens,” including those living outside of the country, who will be voting by absentee ballot for the first time in February. Since the election of Mauricio Funes, the first President from the Marxist Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN) party, the government has increased the number of polling places four-fold to increase accessibility, especially in rural areas.
“We’re glad to see so many Members of Congress expressing respect for the right of the Salvadoran people to determine their own future. That’s an attitude that’s sorely lacking in much of the US’ policy in Central America, especially with regard to economic policy,” said Alexis Stoumbelis, Executive Director for the pro-communist Committee in Solidarity with the People of El Salvador (CISPES), in Washington, DC, which has observed every post-war election in El Salvador, starting in 1994.
Signatories included Rep. Danny Davis ..
JStreet endorsed him again 2016.
- First elected to Congress in 1996, Rep. Danny Davis has been a longtime supporter of Israel and a two-state solution.
Congressmen to Cuba
Dec. 12-Dec. 16, 2014 Reps Michael Burgess (R-TX), Karen Bass, Danny Davis, Diana DeGette, Robin Kelly, Barbara Lee, and Charles Rangel, were part of a group trip to Havana, Cuba sponsored by Medical Education Cooperation with Cuba . "Attended meetings with government officials, health care workers and providers and members of civil society".
Chicago CBTU conference
ARA endorsement, 2014
“CAIR understands that in defending Muslim Americans against employment discrimination, prison abuse, hate crimes, and citizenship delays they are also defending our American values for every American.” - Rep. Danny K. Davis (D-Ill.) (March 2011). 
Endorsed CAIR, 2016
HANA Center connection
"Green New Deal"
We have the momentum to make a Green New Deal real, but we need a critical mass of Congresspeople to support the proposal.
Take action on Dec. 10 to show Congress the Green New Deal is a top priority.
Congressional supporters by December 20 2018 included Danny K. Davis.
The following have worked as staff members for Danny K. Davis:
- Keiana Barrett
- Clayton Boyd
- Richard Boykin
- Paul Brathwaite
- Charles Brown
- Jenell Brown
- Willie Burton
- Daniel Cantrell
- Gwendolyn Caul-Burnett
- Ira Cohen
- Jarvis Craig
- Benjamin Davis
- Evan DeCresce
- Devona Dolliole
- Yul Edwards
- Caleb Gilchrist
- Bernard Glenn-Moore
- J. William Goold
- Jacqueline Greer
- Raymond Gye
- Delores Haynes
- Jill Hunter-Williams
- Cora Johnson
- Peters Joseph
- Cietta Kiandoli
- Joe Leonard
- Mary Lindsey
- Cherita A. Logan
- Helen Mitchell
- Benny Montgomery
- Gerard Moorer
- Lionel Nixon
- Oluwatosin Oguntimein
- Crystal Overton
- John Jioni Palmer
- Marlena Parson
- Dante Pope
- Courtni Pugh
- Mary Reed
- Harry Reese
- Tumia Romero
- Jennifer Luciano Scully
- Larry Shapiro
- Brian Sims
- Marquetta Ann Smith
- Shonna Smith
- Kimberly Stevens
- Floyd Thomas
- Alescia Tucker
- Josie Ware
- Ben Weiss
- Deborah Williams
- Lorna Wilson
- Stephanie Young
- The History Makers: Danny Davis Biography (accessed on Aug. 24, 2011)
- Peoples Weekly World, Jan. 19, 1991, page 12
- Peoples Weekly World, Jan. 19, 1991, page 12
- Huffington Post, From Organizer To Elected Official, Peter Dreier, September 8, 2008
- CSSA supporters letter Sep. 4 1981
- A Forum Pamphlet Harold Washington Papers
- [ PWW National convention supplement, Aug. 1987, page 15a]
- [PWW, Sep. 20, 1997, page 2]
- Peoples Weekly World, "Chicago Banquet Nets $10,000 for 'World'", p. 3, with photo of Davis, Harry Gaynor, John Randolph - id. CPUSA, Alma Washington, Lupe Lozano, widow of murdered radical Rudy Lozano and whose son is a member of the CPUSA; Johnnie Johnson, former president of Chicago CLUW CLUW (a woman), and Scott Marshall, Illinois District organizer fo the CPUSA.
- PWW October 7, 2000
- Peoples World, Chicago PeoplesWorld.org readers celebrate growing fightback by: John Bachtell, December 1 2011
- The Job Creation and Infrastructure Restoration Act of 1997 (H.R. 950) From the New York State Communist Party 16 March 1997, email list (accessed on June 14, 2010)
- PWW, June 28, 1997, page 2
- PWW, June 28, 1997, page 2
- PWFrank Lumpkin always brings a crowd, by: Peoples World May 14 2010, and included youtube video
- PW events, "Tea party" Congress can't stop the fight for equality!, accessed Feb.13,2011
- Peoples Weekly World, Jan. 19, 1991, page 13
- Peoples Weekly World, Jan. 19, 1991, page 12
- Progressive Chicago letterheads November 5 and December 31, 1993
- Dem. Left May/June 1996
- Congressional Black Caucus: Members (accessed on Feb. 24, 2011)
- Undated Friends of Alice Palmer membership list. Harold Washington papers
- Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights Bicentennial Celebration Program, Nov. 10, 1991
- Democratic Left, Sep./Oct. 1987, page 44
- PROCAN meeting notification letter April 27 1988
- New Ground Volume 4, Number 6 Winter, 1990-1991
- Democratic Left, July/August 1996, page 21
- New Ground 45 March - April, 1996
- [Democratic Left,Jan./Feb. 1992, page 13]
- CampaignMoney.com 2006 Cycle
- Issue #1 1998 • Democratic Left • page 10
- New Ground 56 January - February, 1998
- Chicago CoC "Membership, Subscription and Mailing List" 10.14.94
- [People's Weekly World, Dec. 12,1998, page 9]
- Citizen Action of Illinois B.O.D. list
- The Militant, Vol. 64/No. 38, October 9, 2000, Chicago rally for immmigrant rights draws 8,000, BY LISA POTASH
- PWW October 7, 2000
- Memoriam Service Program, 2000
- ACORN convention targets peoples needs, PW July 4 2002
- [http://www.americanthinker.com/blog/2009/09/the_75_democrats_who_are_prose.html American Thinker, September 18, 2009 The 75 Democrats who are pro-sex slave ACORN defenders By Ethel C. Fenig]
- http://lee.house.gov/common/popup/popup.cfm?action=item.print&itemID=641, Lee press release, September 3, 2003]
- Rep. Lee introduces universal health care bill, by: David Lawrence October 9 2003
- Washington Post: The Rev. Moon Honored at Hill Reception , June 23, 2004 (accessed on Nov. 18, 2010)
- WND: Rev. Moon holds coronation at Capitol, June 14, 2010 (accessed on Nov. 18, 2010)
- Crossroads fund 2007 Annual Report page 33
- Signers of Campaign to Free Mumia Abu-Jamal, Now
- War Is A Crime .org, Peace Pledge Coalition
- [http://www.democrats.com/peace-pledge Democrats.com. Sign the Pledge for Peace petition. Bob Fertik August 19, 2007
- New ground 119, July/August 2008
- New Ground 129, May/June 2010
- New Ground 129, May/June 2010
- Rainbow PUSH Coalition & Citizenship Education Fund 42nd Annual International Convention
- Report on Congressional Delegation From the Committee to Stop FBI Repression, U.S. Peace Council website, posted Nov. 20, 2010
- October 21, 1998, Members Of Congress Call On Clinton To Release Key Information On Gen. Pinochet To Spanish Judge
- FOR February 2006 Peace Presence Update
- Latin America Working Group, Get Your Representative to Sign a Letter Supporting Human Rights in Colombia
- CBC website, accessed July 6, 2011
- ABC News, ago to petition mayor to stop arrests, October 21, 2011
- [https://www.politico.com/blogs/politico44/2012/07/african-american-leaders-join-obama-for-executive-order-signing-130234 Politico, African-American leaders join Obama for executive order signing By JENNIFER EPSTEIN 07/26/2012]
- LEL webpage, accessed Jan. 21st, 2012
- PW, Chicago police arrest 150 at immigration protest, by: John Bachtell, November 8 2013
- PDA May 2013 Educate Congress Digest Letter drops (191 in total – 105 in April )
- Update on Cuba Travel: We Gathered 59 Signatures, The LAWG Cuba Team: Mavis, Emily and Karina on May 03, 2013
- CISPES press release, Press Statement: 51 Members of Congress Call for US Neutrality in Salvadoran Elections December 16, 2013
- J Street The political home for pro-Israel, pro-peace Americans
- JStreetPAC 2016 Endorsees
- Legistorm, Dec. 12-Dec. 16, 2014 group trip to Havana, Cuba sponsored by Medical Education Cooperation with Cuba
- [https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=127&v=G9ZyEW-WM-g Yoube, New Union Voices: CBTU Black Lives Matter 2015 National CBTU's Channel Published on Jun 2, 2015]
- [https://www.cair.com/images/pdf/What-They-Say-About-CAIR.pdf What They Say About CAIR (October 2014)
- Legistorm: Danny K. Davis (accessed on Aug. 24, 2010)