Bacardi Jackson

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Bacardi Jackson

"Justice and Hope"

Steven Phillips wrote Justice and Hope: Past Reflections and Future Visions of the Stanford Black Student Union 1967-1989, in 1990.

Writing Justice and Hope has been a humbling and daunting exercise. Many, many people helped, and this is indeed a collective work. I am grateful to the many Black faculty and staff members who provided valuable advice, support and direction: James L. Gibbs, St. Clair Drake, Kennell Jackson, Clayborne Carson, Keith Archuleta, Michael Jackson, Michael Britt, Dandre Desandies, Hank Organ, and Rachel Bagby.
I also made extensive use of the Stanford Libraries. At the various stages of production, a whole host of peeple contributed. I hope I don't leave anybody out, but here goes. My thanks go out to the following people: Lisa Fitts, Audrey Jawando, Bacardi Jackson, and Drew Dixon helped give shape to Justice and Hope when it was still a vague and unformed idea. Toni Long demonstrated for me the true power of PageMaker. David Porter clarified important facts and provided historical information. Frederick Sparks helped with fundraising and monitoring the budget. Lyzette Settle added critical comments and an extremely thorough and detailed revision of the text. Danzy Senna, Joy St. John, Stacey Leyton, Raoul Mowatt, Valerie Mih, Hillary Skillings, Judy Wu, Quynh Tran, and Cheryl Taylor meticulously proofread the final drafts. Elsa Tsutaoka gave advice on design, layout and cutting photos. MEChA loaned us its layout equipment The staff in the ASSU Business Office always cheerfully facilitated financial transactions and questions.[1]

Rodney King protest

In the first full day of activity following the acquittals in the Rodney King beating case, students rallied at the Law School, petitioned in White Plaza and planned future actions to promote civil rights, including a rally today. News of the hastily organized Law School rally spread by word of mouth. One organizer, Maya Harris, said the only preparation for the spontaneous rally was getting a microphone. "There was a large number of people, much more than we expected," law student Michelle Alexander said. At the rally, Harris said, "We have to all wake up, stay awake, get up next morning and the morning after and face reality .... We won't let tomorrow go by without doing something."

During the rally, petitions were circulated in White Plaza as one facet of the organized campus protest movement. Graduate student Anthony Clark said petitions would be circulated "as long as it takes," adding that more than 2,000 signatures had been gathered in less than 24 hours. However, not everyone was ready to sign their name. Graduate student John Hornbrook said he felt the students were "attacking innocent people walking by." He said he did not know enough about the situation to judge whether the verdict was supported by evidence other than the videotape, and therefore would not sign a petition. Hornbrook's refusal drew response from students standing nearby. "I don't think kicking and beating a man with bully clubs is ever justified. That's why I have a problem with you," junior Tanya Van Court told Hornbrook. Freshman Jomo Graham, one of the leaders of a campus letterwriting campaign, called on students to send individual letters to prominent politicians as well as sign petitions, and bought an advertisement in The Daily to print a model letter. Multicultural educator Greg Ricks, an adviser to the loose organization of student leaders, said students should "take time and think about what's going on" by writing a letter. In a late-night organizational meeting held in the Lagunita dining hall, at least 200 students, faculty and staff planned today's rally and further actions.

The rally, which had originally been scheduled for White Plaza, was moved to the courtyard between the Law School and Meyer library because it conflicted with the Spring Faire, according to sophomore organizer Tracy Clay. 'This is not a black thing. It is a coalition which is not limited by race, gender or politics.

At the meeting, some students advocated civil disobedience, and leaders hinted at agreement. When a community member said students should block local streets, Clay suggested everyone wear "comfortable clothing and walking shoes" to the rally. When the same person asked "to what end are we wearing these walking shoes," Clay replied that the organizers have a plan but are "not capable of sharing it right now."

Ujamaa Resident Assistant Bacardi Jackson said members of the coalition contacted groups at other schools for the rally. Clay said the rally would begin with a singing of the Black National Anthem and a series of student speakers on the history of law and the civil rights movement. In addition, many community leaders from Stanford and the Bay Area will speak. Stanford speakers include Tony Burciaga, a resident fellow at Casa Zapata, Keith Archuleta, the director of the Black Community Services Center, Mary Edmonds, the vice president for student resources, and Ricks, according to Clay. Dressed in black and holding up two red candles, graduate student Francisca James-Hernandez said at the meeting that she is "ready to do something." Many students wore black as a "symbol of mourning for justice" in America, Clay said. Senior Alma Medena, the co- chair of MEChA, a Chicano/Latino student group, said people should also wear black to mourn those killed in Los Angeles in the violent aftermath of the verdict.

Clay and Jackson emphasized that activities against the Kingbeating verdict have had racially diverse participants. "This is not a black thing. It is a coalition which is not limited by race, gender or politics," Ricks said. There has also been a "strong reaction by faculty," he said, adding that Political Science Prof. Lucius Barker and Latin American Studies Prof. Terry Karl have organized a meeting for faculty response today (see related story, page 3). Other events currently being planned include a discussion with Janet Wells, the president of the Palo Alto chapter of the NAACP, and Stanford Police Chief Marvin Herrington on Sunday; a meeting with black community leaders of East Palo Alto on Tuesday; a teach-in on Wednesday; and a Mother's Day vigil organized in conjunction with groups from other campuses, according to Jackson. [2]

"Inspiration for troubled times"


January 1992, a Commemorative Program in Celebration of the Birthday of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., "Inspiration for troubled times". Keynote Speaker: Rev. Floyd Thompkins, Jr. Associate Dean, Memorial Church.

Special Guest Panelists:

Ceremony Co-Sponsors: The Martin Luther King, Jr. Birthday Commemorative Program Committee: The Office of the President; The Black Community Services Center: The Richard & Carmella Ho Fund; The Black Student Union;


  1. [1]
  2. [The Stanford Daily, 1 May 1992]