Albert Gore, Sr.
Albert Gore, Sr. (December 26, 1907 – December 5, 1998) was an American politician, serving as a U.S. Representative and a U.S. Senator for the Democratic Party from Tennessee.
Gore and his wife Pauline LaFon Gore had two children: daughter Nancy LaFon Gore (born in 1938 and died of lung cancer in 1984) and son Albert Gore, Jr. (born in 1948). \Gore, Jr. would follow in his father's political footsteps in the Democratic Party representing Tennessee as a U.S. Representative and Senator, and later serving as Vice President of the United States.
Armand Hammer recognized the utility of buying politicians: how the impecunious Senator Albert Gore, Sr. got the wealth to enable him to live in splendor in Washington's Fairfax Hotel and to send son, Al Jr., now the vice president, to the pricey St. Albans school.
In 1950, Hammer made Mr. Gore "a partner in a cattle-breeding business, from which the Senator made a substantial profit." Thereafter, Gore was Hammer's designated door-opener in official Washington. When Mr. Gore retired, Hammer made him president of Occidental's coal division, where he "earned more than $500,000 a year."
Son Al next put the family's Senate seat at Hammer's service. At the 1981 inauguration of Ronald Reagan, Junior managed for Hammer to be seated in a section reserved for senators. Hammer lurked in the doorway, hoping to glad-hand the president, but Mr. Reagan brushed by him without a glance, and with reason. Years earlier, Alexandre de Marenches, the head of French intelligence, had warned him that Hammer was a Soviet "agent of influence."
Supported by Council for a Livable World
The Council for a Livable World, founded in 1962 by long-time socialist activist and alleged Soviet agent, Leo Szilard, is a non-profit advocacy organization that seeks to "reduce the danger of nuclear weapons and increase national security", primarily through supporting progressive, congressional candidates who support their policies. The Council supported Albert Gore, Sr. in his successful Senate run as candidate for Tennessee.
But a well-placed Tennessee couple tagged him early as an up-and-comer.
“I was 29 years old, running for the United States Senate against a guy with an 81 percent favorable rating, a year where Richard Nixon won my state by over 65 percent of the vote, and I was an Irish Catholic in a state that (had) never elected one,” Biden told Tennessee Democrats in a speech 2010, recounting a story that got scant media attention at the time.
Biden pulled off a stunning, 3,162-vote upset with a mix of youthful vigor, skillful campaigning, energized volunteers and smart advertising — fueled by tens of thousands of dollars that a prominent Tennessee couple raised for his campaign.
His candidacy caught the eye of former Tennessee Sen. Albert Gore, Sr., who was working with a Washington, D.C.-based arms control group called the Council for a Livable World, and his wife, Pauline.
Though the numbers look quaint by today’s seven- and eight-figure standards for Senate campaigns, the Gores raised a substantial $89,000, Biden said at the Tennessee Democratic Party’s Jackson Day dinner in 2010. That was nearly one-third of the $287,000 he brought in overall.
Ted Kaufman, who volunteered for Biden’s campaign, said the Gores’ support was critical. Kaufman later served as Biden’s chief of staff for 19 years and briefly succeeded him in the Senate in 2009 and 2010, after President Barack Obama took office with Biden as his deputy.
Boggs, the incumbent senator 40 years ago, was “one of the most popular and beloved figures in Delaware history,” Kaufman said in a phone interview. No one on the national political scene thought Biden, who “was 29 years old and looked 29 years old,” had a chance until Albert Gore, Sr., who had lost a re-election bid in 1970, sent out a letter to the Council for a Livable World’s supporters, urging them to “take a hard look at the Delaware race,” Kaufman recalled.
“It gave (Biden) credibility in Washington,” he said. “It also attracted people to come and help on the race.”
Gore “thought he could win. Clearly he endorsed Biden’s views, but the key thing that came out of it was telling people he had a chance to win. That was what made it so special.”
On June 21, 1971, The Nashville Banner reported that Gore, six months removed from the Senate, would become the Washington chairman of the Council for a Livable World, which advocates for decreasing the threat of nuclear weapons. Founded in 1962, the council also works to help like-minded candidates win Senate and House seats.
Gore “expects to spend much time in the next 18 months traveling across the country in behalf of 1972 Senate candidates for which the council is raising campaign money,” the Banner reported in a short story.
“Albert was very perceptive politically, and Pauline even more so,” Barrett said.
Former U.S. Sen. Jim Sasser, a Tennessee Democrat who joined Biden in the Senate in 1976, said Albert Gore saw a familiar spark in the Delaware candidate.
“Sen. Gore developed a real attachment to Biden, because he said Biden reminded him very much of himself when he was a young man trying to get started in electoral politics and coming up through the ranks,” Sasser said from Washington. “He said Biden was very self-assured, a little brash.”
The Obama campaign said Biden was unavailable for an interview. But he spent almost three minutes talking about the impact of the Gores, who are both deceased, during his 2010 speech in Nashville. He called himself “a product of Al Gore Sr.”
“Here’s the deal: I was desperately trying to raise money,” the vice president said. “I got a call from a woman named Pauline Gore. Would I come down to Washington and meet with (her) and Senator Gore and some … concerned scientists who wanted to talk about the spread of nuclear weapons? It was an outfit called the Council for a Livable World.
“So I showed up in Sen. Gore’s apartment in the Methodist House, which was catercorner from the Supreme Court. That’s when I first met young Al Gore. I sat there, and it basically was an interview. I didn’t realize it. Sen. Gore, who had left the Senate two years earlier, said, ‘I’m going to help you.’ ”
Sasser said the money the Gores raised for Biden typically came through “small contributions, $100, $200, just from people concerned about the nuclear arms race back in those days and trying to do something about it.”
In the Banner story that announced his plans to work with the Council for a Livable World, Gore was quoted as saying: “Senators ought not to be elected with the support of a few large contributors and special interest groups but with the help of a broadly based citizenry of moderate means.”
When Labor Day 1972 arrived, Biden looked like as much of a long shot as ever. Polls showed his support flagging at about 19 percent, Kaufman said.
But Biden was already “a world-class retail candidate,” Kaufman recalled, and he ran on “a new Democratic platform — environment, tough on crime, balanced budgets, tax reform.”
A Washington Post story in 2007 about Biden’s long-serving inner circle, including Kaufman, said the candidate “spent all day meeting voters” in 1972 and left “virtually everything else” to his sister, Valerie, who ran his campaign.
When the votes were counted that November, Biden had sent Boggs home from Washington, just as Republican Bill Brock had done to Gore two years earlier. In the coming weeks, Biden would turn 30, making him old enough to serve in the Senate; lose his wife and 1-year-old daughter in a car crash, a tragedy that almost caused him to give up the seat he had just won; and be sworn in at the hospital bedside of his two young sons, who were critically injured in the accident.
John Isaacs, executive director of the Council for a Livable World, was not yet with the organization 40 years ago. But he said finding and getting behind Biden “was one of our great coups.” Biden has always remembered the group’s support, Isaacs said, and its website includes a video of the vice president talking about the council’s help.
“When you support a politician in his first race, especially an unknown local candidate like Joe Biden, they remember it forever,” Isaacs said.
At the Jackson Day dinner in 2010, Biden made it clear that his fond memories of his first Senate campaign don’t stop with the council.
“So if you want to blame anybody for my being a United States senator elected seven times and a vice president,” he said, “it’s all the fault of former Sen. Gore.”
- DOSSIER: THE SECRET HISTORY OF ARMAND HAMMER by Edward Jay Epstein
- CLW website: Meet Our Candidates
- ]http://archive.tennessean.com/article/20120906/NEWS02/309060041/Sen-Albert-Gore-Sr-wife-were-key-Joe-Biden-s-start The Tennessean, Sen. Albert Gore Sr. and wife were key to Joe Biden's start Sep. 6, 2012 ]