Theodore Gold

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Theodore (Ted) Gold (born Dec. 13, 1947 in New York, New York, died March 2, 1970) was one of the Students for a Democratic Society leaders at New York's Columbia University who led the 1968 riots on that campus. In 1969 he became one of the founders of the Weather Underground Organization and was active in the WUO "Days of Rage" riots in Chicago during October, 1969. Gold submerged into the underground during early 1970 and was subsequently killed on March 2, 1970 when a WUO "bomb factory" in New York accidentally exploded.[1]

Travel to Cuba

On Nov. 11, 1969, Gold spoke for three hours on the campus of Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri. He stated he had been in Cuba during the last year and was met at the Cuban airport by North Vietnamese representatives. He indicated he was amazed to find how the North Vietnamese understood what the Weatherman were attempting to do. Gold's fellow travelers on this trip included such leading WUO members as Bernardine Dohrn, Diana Oughton, Dionne Donghi and Eleanor Raskin.[1]

Violent Third World Revolution

During his talk at Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri on Nov. 11, 1969, Gold stated that the WUO would use "Guerrilla Tactics" and that one person can do a great deal of damage. When someone in the audience asked Gold if the WUO was planning on developing an army, Gold responded by stating the WUO wanted to start a "Red Army".[1]

Speaking at Alumni Hall, Gustavus Adolphus College, St. Peter, Minnesota on Nov. 20, 1969, Ted Gold stated,

The biggest organizer of the Vietnam antiwar movement has been the Viet Cong. The Viet Cong organized the Moratorium, has organized the mobilization and has organized us. The Viet Cong is winning and is in the highest level of struggle against imperialism that the world has ever seen. The U.S. is being "shellacked" worse than the French were being "shellacked" when they got out of Vietnam. The ruling class understands what Vietnam is about. It's about a Third World country that has to be free, and the U.S. is losing.
When in Cuba this summer meeting with the people from the National Liberation Front, the first thing they said was how much you people have suffered because of Nixon's war and Johnson's war. We learned after two weeks of meeting with them that the Vietnamese are not the people to feel sorry for. They are struggling and they are winning. In the liberated areas the people are building up life despite the bombs, terror and war. They are building up something better than they had before and that is why they fight so hard and are winning.
People still think that U.S. imperialism is inevitable. Not only is it not inevitable, but it is losing.
What we are about is becoming a part of a struggle that is going to defeat imperialism. The American ruling class is running the whole show and the war against it is being carried on all over the world.
World communism is going to turn around the process that has existed for thousands of years. The reason Cuba is poor now is because of 300 years of Spanish imperialism and 100 years of American imperialism to build up from. The same is true about China and Vietnam. Struggles are going on all ove rthe world against U.S. imperialism.

Gold spoke at Portland State University, Portland, Oregon, on Dec. 5, 1969, at which time he indicated "Liberation comes only with the gun". He described the local state and Federal governments as being oppressors of the world and America, respectively. He continued by stating that the main forces for the American Revolution are the Black Liberation Front, the Black Panther Party, Students for a Democratic Society and the Viet Cong, and said that if anyone has a friend captured by the Viet Cong, he should give him that person's name, rank and serial number as he would see about getting his release.

Gold addressed a meeting of the University of Oregon SDS Chapter in Eugene, Oregon, on Dec. 4, 1969, during which time he stated,the Weatherman will now lead the revolution in America. He also stated the WUO is headed towards a red-white army which will attack the U.S. from the inside while the Viet Cong attacks from the outside.[1]

Weather Underground Organization

On August 19, 1969, WUO members who had returned from a trip to Cuba held a press conference in New York to discuss their trip and to promote the planned "Days of Rage" or "National Action" scheduled to take place in Chicago October 8-11, 1969. Although there is no information to indicate that Boudin traveled to Cuba with fellow WUO members, she joined with Bernadine Dohrn, Dionne Donghi, Ted Gold, Eleanor Raskin and Howard Jefferson Melish in the press conference.[2]

Weathermen Flint "War Council"

December 27-31, 1969, about 400 of the national membership of the Weatherman faction of Students for a Democratic Society held a “War Council” at a ballroom dancehall in Flint, Michigan. Posters of a giant cardboard machinegun, Ho Chi Minh, Che Guevera, and Fidel Castro hung everywhere.

Among the attendees of the “War Council in Flint" identified by the Flint police department and/or its informant were: Michael Avey, Karen Ashley, Bill Ayers, Edward Benedict, Margaret Bennett, Douglas Bernhardt, Jeff Blum, Harvey Blume, David Chase, Peter Clapp, Judy Clark, Bernardine Dohrn, Diane Donghi, Linda Evans, Brian Flannigan, David Flatley, John Fuerst, Lynn Ray Garvin, Bert Garskof, Michele Garskoff, Mark Glasser, Theodore Gold, Lenny Handlesman, Ann Hathaway, Karen Hardiman, Daniel Hardy, Tom Hayden, Phoebe Hirsch, Arthur Hochberg, Anne Hodges, John J. J. Jacobs, Jeff Jones, Sam Karp, David Klafter, Dianne Kohn, Peter Kuttner, Bradford Lang, Stephen Lang, Karen Latimer, Jonathan Lerner, Naomi Lev, Bradford Long, Allan Maki, Eric Mann, Howard Machtinger, Carol McDermott, L.R. Meadows, Lisa Meisel, Jeff Melish, James Mellen, David Millstone, Russell Neufeld, Diana Oughton, John Pilkington, Edward Purtz, Jonah Raskin, Natalie Rosenstein, Dennis Roskamp, Mark Rudd, Karen Selin, Mark Shapiro, Janet Snider, Mike Spiegel, Jane Spiegelman, Marsha Steinberg, David Sole, Susan Stern, Clayton Van Lydegraf, Cathy Wilkerson and Mary Wozniak[3].

Erik Mann, soon became an SDS defector and a Flint Police informant. He reported a man dressed as a priest distributing 200 sticks of dynamite in the parking lot to drivers of cars with license plates from New York, Washington, Colorado, Wisconsin, Illinois, Ohio and Pennsylvania, including Theodore Gold, New York[4].

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 FBI Weatherman Underground Summary Dated 8/20/76, Part 2
  2. FBI Weatherman Underground Summary Dated 8/20/76, Part 2
  3. Senate, Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws, The Weather Underground, Committee Print, January 1975, 126-7
  4. Senate, Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws, The Weather Underground, Committee Print, January 1975, 22.