Shirley Chisholm was the first black woman to enter Congress. She had a long history of Communist Party USA front affiliation, but entered Congress through the Democratic Party in New York's 11th district.
In 1972 Chisholm made an unsuccessful run for the Democratic presidential nomination against George McGovern.
National Women's Political Caucus
Betty Friedan joined other leading feminists, such as Gloria Steinem, Shirley Chisholm, Fannie Lou Hamer, Bella Abzug, and Myrlie Evers-Williams in founding the National Women's Political Caucus in 1971.
In 1981 Shirley Chisholm was a Vice President of Independent Voters of Illinois-Independent Precinct Organization.
The Black Scholar
- Shirley Chisholm's 1972 Presidential Campaign, University of Illinois, Chicago, February 2005
- IVI-IPO Letterhead July 23 1981
- The Black Scholar